Physiology (alexia) at Silliman University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Physiology (alexia) an der Silliman University

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The functions of circulation

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  • Service the needs of the body tissues
  • Transport nutrients to the tissues
  • Transport waste products away 
  • Conduct hormones from one part of the body to another 
  • Maintain an appropriate environment in all the tissue fluids of the body for optimal survival and function of the cells = homeostasis
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They transport blood under high pressure, have strong vascular walls, large amount of elastic tissue, there is rapid flow
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Arteries
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Responsible for the negativity inside of the cell.
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Sodium-Potassium pump 
 - the cell membrane in a ratio of 3 sodium ions out for every 2 potassium ions brought in. Pumps out a lot more positive charge outside than inside
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The circulation is divided into two circuit: 
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  • Systemic circulation - bigger, peripheral circulation
  • Pulmonary circulation

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The circulation is composed of functional 
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  • arteries
  • veins 
  • Capillaries
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These ions are ambundant outside the cell
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A lot of Na+ and Cl- plus small K+
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Gives the calculated membrane potential inside the membrane when two univalent (+) ions and one univalent (-) ions are involved
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 The Goldman-Hodgkin-Kats equation
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What are impermeant anions?

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negatively charged ions that cannot get out of the cell because they are so big and bulky
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The _____ is an important organ for circulation 
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Heart
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Capable of measuring and graphic representation of the difference between the inside and outside the membrane
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Oscilloscope 
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 The _______ concentration is great inside a nerve fiber membrane but very low outside the membrane
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 potassium
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Control conduits thru w/c blood is released into the capillaries. Major site of resistance to blood flow. 
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Arterioles
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Q:
The functions of circulation

A:
  • Service the needs of the body tissues
  • Transport nutrients to the tissues
  • Transport waste products away 
  • Conduct hormones from one part of the body to another 
  • Maintain an appropriate environment in all the tissue fluids of the body for optimal survival and function of the cells = homeostasis
Q:
They transport blood under high pressure, have strong vascular walls, large amount of elastic tissue, there is rapid flow
A:
Arteries
Q:
Responsible for the negativity inside of the cell.
A:
Sodium-Potassium pump 
 - the cell membrane in a ratio of 3 sodium ions out for every 2 potassium ions brought in. Pumps out a lot more positive charge outside than inside
Q:
The circulation is divided into two circuit: 
A:
  • Systemic circulation - bigger, peripheral circulation
  • Pulmonary circulation

Q:
The circulation is composed of functional 
A:
  • arteries
  • veins 
  • Capillaries
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
These ions are ambundant outside the cell
A:
A lot of Na+ and Cl- plus small K+
Q:
Gives the calculated membrane potential inside the membrane when two univalent (+) ions and one univalent (-) ions are involved
A:
 The Goldman-Hodgkin-Kats equation
Q:
What are impermeant anions?

A:
negatively charged ions that cannot get out of the cell because they are so big and bulky
Q:
The _____ is an important organ for circulation 
A:
Heart
Q:
Capable of measuring and graphic representation of the difference between the inside and outside the membrane
A:
Oscilloscope 
Q:
 The _______ concentration is great inside a nerve fiber membrane but very low outside the membrane
A:
 potassium
Q:
Control conduits thru w/c blood is released into the capillaries. Major site of resistance to blood flow. 
A:
Arterioles
Physiology (alexia)

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