History Of Psychology at Sigmund Freud Universität Wien | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für History of Psychology an der Sigmund Freud Universität Wien

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What did Alexei Leontiev explain about development of the Psyche?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Social and Material conditions structure development of personality and its goals/motives.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What happens during Renaissance (after 1500) ?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- Re-discovery of the Sea-route to America
- 30 Years War = erupts European political system
- Influence of Catholic Church decreases
- Rise of Capitalistic dynasties through colonization and trade
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Tell me about John Locke ...
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- Senses = source of all knowledge
- Mind = born empty (tabula rasa)
- Experience composed of :  1) Sensory Perception
                                                        2) Inner Reflection

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Tertullian VS Augustine...?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Tertullian : 
- Spirit = material, air-like substance which steers body
- Soul reveals itself through reason and free will


Augustine :
- Soul = immaterial, controls body, dominates desires
- Soul = substance gifted with reason already

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Which were the 3 early western concepts of the ”psyche” developed by the Pre-Socratics

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- H&H (Homer&Hesiod) : spirit is gone when dead
- Psyche processes take place outside and inside body
- Psyche connects with parts of body
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
When did the concept of “Holism” became popular/widespread?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
After WW1. In Germany
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What were the 3 main problems of the Greek Philosophy?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- Search for structure of the world without referring to myths
- Everything should be based on observation and arguments
- Knowledge of ourselves is necessary for general knowledge 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the 3 causes and principle of life of Aristotle’s Psyche?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- Cause of effect : Psyche sets organism in motion
- Cause of form : Psyche organizes the harmonious interaction of organs
- Cause of target : Psyche sets goals for every action of organism
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is Aristotle’s idea of the “Psyche” ? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- It’s a form of organism connected to the body
- It’s an organizing principle of the living organism (organization and realization)
- It’s a network of functions and processes which differs between different species and individuals
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Who were the 3 important Philosophers/Psychologists during the Rise of Christianity ?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- Tertullian : First Christian psychologist
- Augustine : Neoplatonistic
- Thomas Aquinas : Catholic philosopher
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the 5 main ideas of Neoplatonism?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- Soul mediates between realm of ideas and material world : Human being = double-poled
- Body causes affects, pleasure, desire
- Through reason, man becomes one with its soul
- Soul controls the body, one needs to know its structure and functioning
- Examination of conscience
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What did Aristotle argue?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- Ideas do NOT exist beyond physical objects but WITHIN them (≠Plato)
- Psyche is the form of ALL living beings
- Morphe : structure and development matter
Lösung ausblenden
  • 8378 Karteikarten
  • 161 Studierende
  • 3 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen History of Psychology Kurs an der Sigmund Freud Universität Wien - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
What did Alexei Leontiev explain about development of the Psyche?
A:
Social and Material conditions structure development of personality and its goals/motives.
Q:
What happens during Renaissance (after 1500) ?
A:
- Re-discovery of the Sea-route to America
- 30 Years War = erupts European political system
- Influence of Catholic Church decreases
- Rise of Capitalistic dynasties through colonization and trade
Q:
Tell me about John Locke ...
A:
- Senses = source of all knowledge
- Mind = born empty (tabula rasa)
- Experience composed of :  1) Sensory Perception
                                                        2) Inner Reflection

Q:
Tertullian VS Augustine...?
A:
Tertullian : 
- Spirit = material, air-like substance which steers body
- Soul reveals itself through reason and free will


Augustine :
- Soul = immaterial, controls body, dominates desires
- Soul = substance gifted with reason already

Q:
Which were the 3 early western concepts of the ”psyche” developed by the Pre-Socratics

A:
- H&H (Homer&Hesiod) : spirit is gone when dead
- Psyche processes take place outside and inside body
- Psyche connects with parts of body
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
When did the concept of “Holism” became popular/widespread?
A:
After WW1. In Germany
Q:
What were the 3 main problems of the Greek Philosophy?
A:
- Search for structure of the world without referring to myths
- Everything should be based on observation and arguments
- Knowledge of ourselves is necessary for general knowledge 
Q:
What are the 3 causes and principle of life of Aristotle’s Psyche?
A:
- Cause of effect : Psyche sets organism in motion
- Cause of form : Psyche organizes the harmonious interaction of organs
- Cause of target : Psyche sets goals for every action of organism
Q:
What is Aristotle’s idea of the “Psyche” ? 
A:
- It’s a form of organism connected to the body
- It’s an organizing principle of the living organism (organization and realization)
- It’s a network of functions and processes which differs between different species and individuals
Q:
Who were the 3 important Philosophers/Psychologists during the Rise of Christianity ?
A:
- Tertullian : First Christian psychologist
- Augustine : Neoplatonistic
- Thomas Aquinas : Catholic philosopher
Q:
What are the 5 main ideas of Neoplatonism?
A:
- Soul mediates between realm of ideas and material world : Human being = double-poled
- Body causes affects, pleasure, desire
- Through reason, man becomes one with its soul
- Soul controls the body, one needs to know its structure and functioning
- Examination of conscience
Q:
What did Aristotle argue?
A:
- Ideas do NOT exist beyond physical objects but WITHIN them (≠Plato)
- Psyche is the form of ALL living beings
- Morphe : structure and development matter
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