Chapter 15: Eyes at Seminole State College | Flashcards & Summaries

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What objective assessment can be done regarding the eyes using inspection? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
PERRLA 
External ocular 
extra-ocular muscle
Far and Near vision screening 
Peripheral vision screening 
Visual field screening 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What exam is used to test for far vision acuity? What is the expected finding in adults? 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Sneller eye chart: pt will be standing 10-20 ft from the chart. 
Expected adult finding is 20/20 

not expected: 20/200: this would mean that the pt can see at 20 feet what a typical person can see at 200 ft. 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What exam can be used to test for near visual acuity? What is the expected finding? 


Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Rosenbaum Hand held vision screener 
-held at 14 inches from the eyes 
expected adult finding is 20/20 

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is presbyopia and who does it mostly affect? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Loss of near vision, affects many people over the age of 40 because of decreased ability of the lens of the eye to focus. 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are some developmental considerations in a child with regards to visual acuity? 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
visual acuity in children should be 
20/50 by age 3
20/40 by age 4 
20/20 by age 7 

Children may need a different types of chart such as a picture chart. This may also be helpful for children and adults with a language barrier. 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are some developmental considerations for the elderly regarding visual acuity? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
common eye conditions for the elderly include: 
Presbyopia: difficulty focusing on near objects, begins at the age of 40. 
Arcus Senilis: lighter colored limbus around the iris caused by infiltration of lipid material. This DOES NOT affect visual acuity. 


Common eye diagnoses: 
Cataracts (5th most common condition for those over 65): progressive vision loss caused by clouding in the lens of the eye.  
Glaucoma: Peripheral vision loss
Macular degeneration: central vision loss
Diabetic retinopathy: general poor vision 

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Visual impairments over the age of 65 are….?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Rare
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Over the age of 65 __% of people have some sort of vision loss. 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
30%
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
The eyelids‘s
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Function is to Lind 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
The upper eyelid should cover what? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Part of the iris
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the palpebral fissure? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Distance between upper and lower eyelids
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Subjective eyes…
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
-vision difficulty 
- decreased acuity
- burry vision
- blind spots 
-pain 
-watering dircharge 
-redness 
-swelling
-History of glaucoma or cataracts 
-Self-care behaviors
- strabismus, diplopia 
Lösung ausblenden
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Q:
What objective assessment can be done regarding the eyes using inspection? 
A:
PERRLA 
External ocular 
extra-ocular muscle
Far and Near vision screening 
Peripheral vision screening 
Visual field screening 
Q:
What exam is used to test for far vision acuity? What is the expected finding in adults? 
A:
Sneller eye chart: pt will be standing 10-20 ft from the chart. 
Expected adult finding is 20/20 

not expected: 20/200: this would mean that the pt can see at 20 feet what a typical person can see at 200 ft. 
Q:
What exam can be used to test for near visual acuity? What is the expected finding? 


A:
Rosenbaum Hand held vision screener 
-held at 14 inches from the eyes 
expected adult finding is 20/20 

Q:
What is presbyopia and who does it mostly affect? 
A:
Loss of near vision, affects many people over the age of 40 because of decreased ability of the lens of the eye to focus. 
Q:
What are some developmental considerations in a child with regards to visual acuity? 
A:
visual acuity in children should be 
20/50 by age 3
20/40 by age 4 
20/20 by age 7 

Children may need a different types of chart such as a picture chart. This may also be helpful for children and adults with a language barrier. 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What are some developmental considerations for the elderly regarding visual acuity? 
A:
common eye conditions for the elderly include: 
Presbyopia: difficulty focusing on near objects, begins at the age of 40. 
Arcus Senilis: lighter colored limbus around the iris caused by infiltration of lipid material. This DOES NOT affect visual acuity. 


Common eye diagnoses: 
Cataracts (5th most common condition for those over 65): progressive vision loss caused by clouding in the lens of the eye.  
Glaucoma: Peripheral vision loss
Macular degeneration: central vision loss
Diabetic retinopathy: general poor vision 

Q:
Visual impairments over the age of 65 are….?
A:
Rare
Q:
Over the age of 65 __% of people have some sort of vision loss. 
A:
30%
Q:
The eyelids‘s
A:
Function is to Lind 
Q:
The upper eyelid should cover what? 
A:
Part of the iris
Q:
What is the palpebral fissure? 
A:
Distance between upper and lower eyelids
Q:
Subjective eyes…
A:
-vision difficulty 
- decreased acuity
- burry vision
- blind spots 
-pain 
-watering dircharge 
-redness 
-swelling
-History of glaucoma or cataracts 
-Self-care behaviors
- strabismus, diplopia 
Chapter 15: Eyes

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