Philosophy Of Mind, Brain & Behavior at Radboud University | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Philosophy of Mind, Brain & Behavior an der Radboud University

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What are arguments against logical behaviorism? 

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- Actors can play to be in pain when actually having different disposition as someone who is actually in pain 

- Mental holism: mental states are part of complex network of states - behavior is connected to more than just one mental set 

= same kind of behavior can be caused by various different networks of mental stages 

- Intelligent behavior may have different cause than non-intelligent behavior - causes of intelligent behavior may well be referred to as mind 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the mind according to Ryle? 

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It is not a thing -> category mistake 

Mind is not soul/brain but it is a set of dispositions 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What point is Ryle missing out in logical behaviorism (problem)?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Does not deal with fact that there is something in mind that cannot be captured by behavior 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is a problem with Decartes explanation to the interactionist problem with regard to the causal closeness of physical realm? 

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Pineal gland is a physical organ: everything that happens has a physical explanation 

= immaterial soul is useless 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Explain the terms "soul" and "substance" in a view of a substance dualist 

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Soul: seat of mental states and processes 

Substance: something that can exist independently 

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What is psychological behaviorism? 

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- behavior is central stage (same as logical behaviorism) 

- psychological mind is not focus at all - behavior is center of attention  

= think that body & mind are separated 

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Name two features of Cartesian dualism 

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1. Cartesian: believe in an immaterial soul 

2. Separation of outside world and inside mind 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is logical behaviorism?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

mental concepts can be explained in terms of behavioral concepts 

- mental states are behavioral dispositions (tendency to act in a certain way under certain circumstances) 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Explain how Ryle criticizes Dualism (para-mechanical hypothesis) 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

We do not need an explanation because we already made a distinction between intelligent and non-intelligent behavior 

- because its just conceptual distinction P.M hypothesis does not add anything to distinction 

- dualism mistake: conceptual distinction turned into causal distinction 

- people do not stick to hidden locus of control (Mind) but rather distinction

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the para-mechanical hypothesis? 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Criticizes second feature of cartesian dualism, because assumption of real difference between non-intelligent and intelligent behavior is causal difference 

= intelligent behavior is caused by mind, whereas non-intelligent behavior is caused by body 

== in that view, mind controls body but body cannot control mind 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is "Anti-Cartesian"?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Brain-body connection instead of soul-body connection 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is intelligent and non-intelligent behavior? 

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intelligent: basic things like riding bike, communication (caused by soul) 

non-intelligent: stepping on banana, slipping (no control of soul) 

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Q:

What are arguments against logical behaviorism? 

A:

- Actors can play to be in pain when actually having different disposition as someone who is actually in pain 

- Mental holism: mental states are part of complex network of states - behavior is connected to more than just one mental set 

= same kind of behavior can be caused by various different networks of mental stages 

- Intelligent behavior may have different cause than non-intelligent behavior - causes of intelligent behavior may well be referred to as mind 

Q:

What is the mind according to Ryle? 

A:

It is not a thing -> category mistake 

Mind is not soul/brain but it is a set of dispositions 

Q:

What point is Ryle missing out in logical behaviorism (problem)?

A:

Does not deal with fact that there is something in mind that cannot be captured by behavior 

Q:

What is a problem with Decartes explanation to the interactionist problem with regard to the causal closeness of physical realm? 

A:

Pineal gland is a physical organ: everything that happens has a physical explanation 

= immaterial soul is useless 

Q:

Explain the terms "soul" and "substance" in a view of a substance dualist 

A:

Soul: seat of mental states and processes 

Substance: something that can exist independently 

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What is psychological behaviorism? 

A:

- behavior is central stage (same as logical behaviorism) 

- psychological mind is not focus at all - behavior is center of attention  

= think that body & mind are separated 

Q:

Name two features of Cartesian dualism 

A:

1. Cartesian: believe in an immaterial soul 

2. Separation of outside world and inside mind 

Q:

What is logical behaviorism?

A:

mental concepts can be explained in terms of behavioral concepts 

- mental states are behavioral dispositions (tendency to act in a certain way under certain circumstances) 

Q:

Explain how Ryle criticizes Dualism (para-mechanical hypothesis) 

A:

We do not need an explanation because we already made a distinction between intelligent and non-intelligent behavior 

- because its just conceptual distinction P.M hypothesis does not add anything to distinction 

- dualism mistake: conceptual distinction turned into causal distinction 

- people do not stick to hidden locus of control (Mind) but rather distinction

Q:

What is the para-mechanical hypothesis? 

A:

Criticizes second feature of cartesian dualism, because assumption of real difference between non-intelligent and intelligent behavior is causal difference 

= intelligent behavior is caused by mind, whereas non-intelligent behavior is caused by body 

== in that view, mind controls body but body cannot control mind 

Q:

What is "Anti-Cartesian"?

A:

Brain-body connection instead of soul-body connection 

Q:

What is intelligent and non-intelligent behavior? 

A:

intelligent: basic things like riding bike, communication (caused by soul) 

non-intelligent: stepping on banana, slipping (no control of soul) 

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