Learning And Memory at Radboud University | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Learning and memory an der Radboud University

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What has to happen before memories can be processed and stored in the brain?
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Encoding: memory is changed into a form that can be stored (modification of synapses, creation of new ones, change in gene expression)
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What is the definition of memory?
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The ability to recall or reorganize previous experience: mental representation of a previous experience 
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What is the definition of learning?
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Relatively permanent change in an organism‘s behavior as a result of experience
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Two categories of memory and what they mean
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Implicit memory: demonstrating knowledge without actively retrieving information / thinking about it
-unconscious learning
-people with amnesia: loss of explicit memory, but still have implicit memory 
explicit memory: conscious recollection of training



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What are autobiographic memories for events called which are related to specific place and time contexts?
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Episodic memories
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What is a different distinction between two types of memory, next to implicit/explicit?
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Declarative memory: specific contents of experiences can be verbally recalled
procedural memory: ability to perform a task
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Two classic strategies used to train animals
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Pavlovian / classical conditioning 
operant conditioning
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Two forms of classical conditioning and were they are mediated in the brain
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Eyeblink conditioning: a tone is associated with a puff of air into eye (cerebellum: pair motor responses with environmental events)
fear conditioning: unpleasant stimulus (amygdala)
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the difference between short- and long-term memories?
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Long-term memories are more complex: they divide into explicit, implicit and emotional memories
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Which strategy is used in operant conditioning?
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Reinforcement 
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Which brain structure is especially important for emotional memories?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Amygdala
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Two features of the NDMA receptor
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
It also lets Ca2+ enter the cell
to open it, not only glutamate is required but also a simultaneous depolarization of the membrane (to remove the magnesium ion from the channel)
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Learning and memory Kurs an der Radboud University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
What has to happen before memories can be processed and stored in the brain?
A:
Encoding: memory is changed into a form that can be stored (modification of synapses, creation of new ones, change in gene expression)
Q:
What is the definition of memory?
A:
The ability to recall or reorganize previous experience: mental representation of a previous experience 
Q:
What is the definition of learning?
A:
Relatively permanent change in an organism‘s behavior as a result of experience
Q:
Two categories of memory and what they mean
A:
Implicit memory: demonstrating knowledge without actively retrieving information / thinking about it
-unconscious learning
-people with amnesia: loss of explicit memory, but still have implicit memory 
explicit memory: conscious recollection of training



Q:
What are autobiographic memories for events called which are related to specific place and time contexts?
A:
Episodic memories
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What is a different distinction between two types of memory, next to implicit/explicit?
A:
Declarative memory: specific contents of experiences can be verbally recalled
procedural memory: ability to perform a task
Q:
Two classic strategies used to train animals
A:
Pavlovian / classical conditioning 
operant conditioning
Q:
Two forms of classical conditioning and were they are mediated in the brain
A:
Eyeblink conditioning: a tone is associated with a puff of air into eye (cerebellum: pair motor responses with environmental events)
fear conditioning: unpleasant stimulus (amygdala)
Q:
What is the difference between short- and long-term memories?
A:
Long-term memories are more complex: they divide into explicit, implicit and emotional memories
Q:
Which strategy is used in operant conditioning?
A:
Reinforcement 
Q:
Which brain structure is especially important for emotional memories?
A:
Amygdala
Q:
Two features of the NDMA receptor
A:
It also lets Ca2+ enter the cell
to open it, not only glutamate is required but also a simultaneous depolarization of the membrane (to remove the magnesium ion from the channel)
Learning and memory

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