Auditory System at Radboud University | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Auditory system an der Radboud University

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Two mechanisms through which neurons detect the location of a sound
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Interaural time difference (detecting difference in arrival time)
interaural intensity difference (detecting relative loudness)
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What is sound wave frequency and how is it measured?
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The number of cycles a wave completes in an amount of time, measured in hertz
sounds are perceived as pitch 
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What is the difference in neural coding of location between the visual and the auditory system?
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Visual stimuli are encoded directly at the retina,
Spatial auditory characteristics need to be reconstructed
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What does the middle ear contain?
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The ossicles (The three smallest bones): hammer, anvil, stirrup
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The general structure of the ear (3 parts) with their components
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Outer ear (pinna and external auditory canal), middle ear (eardrum and ossicles), inner ear (ochlear)
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What is the funnel shaped external structure of the outer ear called? (Ohrmuschel)
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Pinna
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What is the sound wave amplitude and how is it measured?
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The ‚strength‘ of a sound, intensity and loudness, measured in decibels
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Where is the middle ear located?
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On the inner side of the eardrum 
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Where is speech, where is music located in the brain?
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Speech: left temporal lobe
 Music: right temporal lobe
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What does the ear canal do?
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It amplifies the sound waves and directs them to the eardrum (Trommelfell)
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What do the ossicles do?
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They connect the eardrum to the oval window of the cochlea
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What is the function of the pinna?
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It is designed to catch sound waves and deflect them into the external ear canal.
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  • 27395 Karteikarten
  • 319 Studierende
  • 3 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Auditory system Kurs an der Radboud University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
Two mechanisms through which neurons detect the location of a sound
A:
Interaural time difference (detecting difference in arrival time)
interaural intensity difference (detecting relative loudness)
Q:
What is sound wave frequency and how is it measured?
A:
The number of cycles a wave completes in an amount of time, measured in hertz
sounds are perceived as pitch 
Q:
What is the difference in neural coding of location between the visual and the auditory system?
A:
Visual stimuli are encoded directly at the retina,
Spatial auditory characteristics need to be reconstructed
Q:
What does the middle ear contain?
A:
The ossicles (The three smallest bones): hammer, anvil, stirrup
Q:
The general structure of the ear (3 parts) with their components
A:
Outer ear (pinna and external auditory canal), middle ear (eardrum and ossicles), inner ear (ochlear)
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What is the funnel shaped external structure of the outer ear called? (Ohrmuschel)
A:
Pinna
Q:
What is the sound wave amplitude and how is it measured?
A:
The ‚strength‘ of a sound, intensity and loudness, measured in decibels
Q:
Where is the middle ear located?
A:
On the inner side of the eardrum 
Q:
Where is speech, where is music located in the brain?
A:
Speech: left temporal lobe
 Music: right temporal lobe
Q:
What does the ear canal do?
A:
It amplifies the sound waves and directs them to the eardrum (Trommelfell)
Q:
What do the ossicles do?
A:
They connect the eardrum to the oval window of the cochlea
Q:
What is the function of the pinna?
A:
It is designed to catch sound waves and deflect them into the external ear canal.
Auditory system

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