PYB102 Mind And The Brain at Queensland University Of Technology | Flashcards & Summaries

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Difference between  ipsylaterally and contralateral arrangement?


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IPSY = left hemisphere, left body - right hem, right body


CONTRA = left hemisphere - right side of body , right hem - left side of body 

due to cross over 

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Describe a mid-sagittal view?


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front to back of the side, in the middle, along longitudinal fissure

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Difference between nuclei and ganglia? And tracts and nerves?

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Tracts: axons in the CNS

Nerves: axons in the PNS


Nuclei: neuron cell bodies in CNS

Ganglia: neuron cell bodies in PNS

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If you cut the brain in half, what hard body do you cut through? And what fissure is it along?

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The corpus callosum, longitudinal fissure

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What are Nuclei? 


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Groups of neuron cell bodies in the CNS (GREY MATTER)

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Where is the thalamus and hypothalamus located?


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In the forebrain diencephalon 

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What structures are located in the forebrain?


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Diencephalon, Telencephalon, cerebral cortex

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What are the neuroanatomical directions and what direction? remember the 90 degree curve


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Brain:

^ dorsal 

< anterior

> posterior

v ventral


Brain stem/spinal chord

^ anterior (top)

< ventral (belly) 

> dorsal (fin) 

v posterior


MEDIAL: middle

LATERAL: outside 

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What do the medulla and pons do& reticular? where are they located?

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HIND BRAIN

medulla: control functions vital to survive (heart rate, blood pressure, respiration)


Pons: BRIDGE of fibres that connect brain stem with cerebellum and medulla - involved in breathing, movement, sleep and waking.

 - contains reticular formation (clusters of nuclei) (consciousness and alertness (AROUSAL)

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bundles of axons in the CNS (white matter) are called: 

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tracts 

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Located on top of the Brain stem, controls sensory information except smell 
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Thalamus (two avocados, 1 on each hemisphere)

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What is the function of the cerebellum? which division is it located?


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HINDBRAIN

co-ordinates movement, maintain balance


clear signs of impairment 

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Q:

Difference between  ipsylaterally and contralateral arrangement?


A:

IPSY = left hemisphere, left body - right hem, right body


CONTRA = left hemisphere - right side of body , right hem - left side of body 

due to cross over 

Q:

Describe a mid-sagittal view?


A:

front to back of the side, in the middle, along longitudinal fissure

Q:

Difference between nuclei and ganglia? And tracts and nerves?

A:

Tracts: axons in the CNS

Nerves: axons in the PNS


Nuclei: neuron cell bodies in CNS

Ganglia: neuron cell bodies in PNS

Q:

If you cut the brain in half, what hard body do you cut through? And what fissure is it along?

A:

The corpus callosum, longitudinal fissure

Q:

What are Nuclei? 


A:

Groups of neuron cell bodies in the CNS (GREY MATTER)

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Where is the thalamus and hypothalamus located?


A:

In the forebrain diencephalon 

Q:

What structures are located in the forebrain?


A:

Diencephalon, Telencephalon, cerebral cortex

Q:

What are the neuroanatomical directions and what direction? remember the 90 degree curve


A:

Brain:

^ dorsal 

< anterior

> posterior

v ventral


Brain stem/spinal chord

^ anterior (top)

< ventral (belly) 

> dorsal (fin) 

v posterior


MEDIAL: middle

LATERAL: outside 

Q:

What do the medulla and pons do& reticular? where are they located?

A:

HIND BRAIN

medulla: control functions vital to survive (heart rate, blood pressure, respiration)


Pons: BRIDGE of fibres that connect brain stem with cerebellum and medulla - involved in breathing, movement, sleep and waking.

 - contains reticular formation (clusters of nuclei) (consciousness and alertness (AROUSAL)

Q:

bundles of axons in the CNS (white matter) are called: 

A:

tracts 

Q:


Located on top of the Brain stem, controls sensory information except smell 
A:

Thalamus (two avocados, 1 on each hemisphere)

Q:

What is the function of the cerebellum? which division is it located?


A:

HINDBRAIN

co-ordinates movement, maintain balance


clear signs of impairment 

PYB102 Mind and the brain

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