BIOCHEMISTRY at Our Lady Of Fatima University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für BIOCHEMISTRY an der Our Lady of Fatima University

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Proteins are most abundant molecules in the cells after water - account for about 15% of a crll’s overall mass.
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Proteins
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Also present are Iron (F), phosphorus (P), and some other metals in some specialized proteins.
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Proteins
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• A solution that contains more dissolved particles such as salt and other electrolytes that is found in normal cells and blood.

• This causes the cell to shrink (creantion)

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Hypertonic solution
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Common names assigned to the amino acids are currently used.
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Nomenclature 
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A protein is a naturally-occurring, unbranched polymer in which the monomer units are amino acids.
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Proteins
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The average nitrogen content of proteins is 15.4% by mass.
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Proteins 
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Element composition - Contain Carbon (C), Hydrogern (H), Nitrogen(N), Oxygen (O), most also contain Sulfur (S).
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Proteins 
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Process by which molecules of a solvent tend to pass through a semi premeable membrane from a less concentrated solution into a more concentrated one, thus equalizing the concentrations on each side of the membrane.
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OSMOSIS
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• The seperation of particles in a liquid on the basis of differences in their ability to pass through a membrane.

• it is the process of removing excess water, solutes, and toxins from the blood in people whose kidneys can no longer perform these functions naturally.
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Dialysis
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Vary in size, shape, charge, acidity, functional groups present, hydrogen-bonding ability, and chemical reactivity.

- >700 amino acids are known
- Based on common “R” groups, there are 20 standard amino acid
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R = side chain
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• The intermingling substances by the natural movement of their particles.

• the net movement of molecules from an area where they are at a higher concentration to areas where they are at a lower concentration. The difference in the concentration of substances between two areas is called concentration gradient.
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Diffusion
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• A solution that contains less dissolved particles susch as salt and other electrolytes that is found in normal cells and blood.

• This causes a cell to swell (Hemolysis)
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Hypotonic Solution

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Q:
Proteins are most abundant molecules in the cells after water - account for about 15% of a crll’s overall mass.
A:
Proteins
Q:
Also present are Iron (F), phosphorus (P), and some other metals in some specialized proteins.
A:
Proteins
Q:
• A solution that contains more dissolved particles such as salt and other electrolytes that is found in normal cells and blood.

• This causes the cell to shrink (creantion)

A:
Hypertonic solution
Q:
Common names assigned to the amino acids are currently used.
A:
Nomenclature 
Q:
A protein is a naturally-occurring, unbranched polymer in which the monomer units are amino acids.
A:
Proteins
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
The average nitrogen content of proteins is 15.4% by mass.
A:
Proteins 
Q:
Element composition - Contain Carbon (C), Hydrogern (H), Nitrogen(N), Oxygen (O), most also contain Sulfur (S).
A:
Proteins 
Q:
Process by which molecules of a solvent tend to pass through a semi premeable membrane from a less concentrated solution into a more concentrated one, thus equalizing the concentrations on each side of the membrane.
A:
OSMOSIS
Q:
• The seperation of particles in a liquid on the basis of differences in their ability to pass through a membrane.

• it is the process of removing excess water, solutes, and toxins from the blood in people whose kidneys can no longer perform these functions naturally.
A:
Dialysis
Q:
Vary in size, shape, charge, acidity, functional groups present, hydrogen-bonding ability, and chemical reactivity.

- >700 amino acids are known
- Based on common “R” groups, there are 20 standard amino acid
A:
R = side chain
Q:
• The intermingling substances by the natural movement of their particles.

• the net movement of molecules from an area where they are at a higher concentration to areas where they are at a lower concentration. The difference in the concentration of substances between two areas is called concentration gradient.
A:
Diffusion
Q:
• A solution that contains less dissolved particles susch as salt and other electrolytes that is found in normal cells and blood.

• This causes a cell to swell (Hemolysis)
A:
Hypotonic Solution

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