DE100 - Investigating Psychology at Open University | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für DE100 - Investigating Psychology an der Open University

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What is operant conditioning?

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The form of instrumental conditioning that occurs in the Skinner box.

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What is discrimination learning?

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Learning to respond in the presence of an event (a green light) but not in the presence of another (a red light).

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What is negative reinforcement?

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The process of removing something as a consequence of a particular behaviour, which increases the frequency of showing that behaviour.


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What is behaviour shaping?

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The action of giving reinforcement for successive approximations to the desired response.

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What is psychoanalysis?

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Different forms of therapy that are used to address one's unconscious mind that ultimately influences their behaviour. 

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What is positive reinforcement?

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The process of giving something as a consequence of a particular behaviour, which increases the frequency of showing that behaviour.


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What is the control condition?

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The ‘baseline’ condition, against which experimental conditions can be compared.

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What is personality theory?

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​A set of theories about how personality develops and how it is structures.

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What is social learning theory?

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A theory of learning based on observing and imitating other individuals' behaviour. 

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What is an independent variable?

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A variable which is manipulated by the experimenter to see what effect this has on another variable.

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What is and who conducted the Bobo Doll Study?

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It was conducted by Albert Bandura and was used to observe social learning theory by seeing how children react to watching one act aggressively to a doll. 

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What is determinism?

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The belief that everything that happens, including human behaviour, is determined by past events.


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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen DE100 - Investigating Psychology Kurs an der Open University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What is operant conditioning?

A:

The form of instrumental conditioning that occurs in the Skinner box.

Q:

What is discrimination learning?

A:

Learning to respond in the presence of an event (a green light) but not in the presence of another (a red light).

Q:

What is negative reinforcement?

A:

The process of removing something as a consequence of a particular behaviour, which increases the frequency of showing that behaviour.


Q:

What is behaviour shaping?

A:

The action of giving reinforcement for successive approximations to the desired response.

Q:

What is psychoanalysis?

A:

Different forms of therapy that are used to address one's unconscious mind that ultimately influences their behaviour. 

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What is positive reinforcement?

A:

The process of giving something as a consequence of a particular behaviour, which increases the frequency of showing that behaviour.


Q:

What is the control condition?

A:

The ‘baseline’ condition, against which experimental conditions can be compared.

Q:

What is personality theory?

A:

​A set of theories about how personality develops and how it is structures.

Q:

What is social learning theory?

A:

A theory of learning based on observing and imitating other individuals' behaviour. 

Q:

What is an independent variable?

A:

A variable which is manipulated by the experimenter to see what effect this has on another variable.

Q:

What is and who conducted the Bobo Doll Study?

A:

It was conducted by Albert Bandura and was used to observe social learning theory by seeing how children react to watching one act aggressively to a doll. 

Q:

What is determinism?

A:

The belief that everything that happens, including human behaviour, is determined by past events.


DE100 - Investigating Psychology

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