Social Psykologi at Örebro University | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Social Psykologi an der Örebro University

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Varför formar vi människor vår sociala verklighet?

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- We (humans) have an inherent drive to explain behaviors and events to make sense of our world.


- Our pre-understanding of the world, our values, attitudes, and motives, will affect how we perceive and interpret a situation.


- We are all intuitive researchers (psychologists) - we are constantly engaged in interpreting other people's actions.


- We are also constantly interpreting ourselves, which shapes our behaviours towards others.

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Hur kommer det sig att vår sociala intuition är stark men ibland farlig? 

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▪ Much of our thinking takes place at an unconscious level. For example, we are constantly affected by norms that are largely unconscious (i.e., informal rules that govern our behaviour in social situations).

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Vad innebär kvantitativ metod inom socialpsykologisk metod? (Quantitative methodology)

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- Correlation studies (most often with surveys)
- Experiments

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Vad innebär kvalitativ metodologi inom socialpsykologin? (Qualitative methodology)

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• Semi-structured interviews and focus groups
• Participant observation/ethnography

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Vad är det som skapar får känsla om oss själva?

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1. Answers to the question (i.e., Who am I?) are the building blocks of an individual’s sense of self, or self-concept, and are referred to as self-schemas.



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Vad är "Self-Schemas"?

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• Self-schemas – generalisations about one’s own self that are based on previous experiences and that organise and manage information relevant to one’s self.

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Hur utvecklas vårat "sense of self"?

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1. Social comparisons.


2. Other people’s judgements.


3. Our social identities - part of the answer to the question (i.e., Who am I?) stem from our membership in different social


4. The cultural context within which we are situated.

groups; social identities also define who we are not.

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Vad är kultur i en socialpsykologisk kontext? 

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Culture = ”hard-wired”, or enduring, behaviours, ideas, attitudes, norms, and traditions that are shared by a group and transmitted from one generation to another.

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Vad är Sociala normer? 

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Societal and cultural standards for behaviours that are considered typical (or atypical) and appropriate (or inappropriate) in a given context.

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Vad är "Gender roles"?

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A set of norms about standards and expectations for male versus female behaviour.

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Vilka karaktärsdrag finns för en "individualistisk kultur"?

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• The individual primarily prioritises himself/herself.
• Individual characteristics and abilities are paramount.
• Sensitive to criticism of personal identity.
• Personal control is very important.
• Pursuing one’s own set goals and ambitions is important.
• Being unique and original is highly valued.

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Vad är social psykologi? 

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den vetenskapliga systematiska studien om hur människor tänker om, påverkar och relaterar till andra människor, 

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  • 3708 Karteikarten
  • 128 Studierende
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Social Psykologi Kurs an der Örebro University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Varför formar vi människor vår sociala verklighet?

A:

- We (humans) have an inherent drive to explain behaviors and events to make sense of our world.


- Our pre-understanding of the world, our values, attitudes, and motives, will affect how we perceive and interpret a situation.


- We are all intuitive researchers (psychologists) - we are constantly engaged in interpreting other people's actions.


- We are also constantly interpreting ourselves, which shapes our behaviours towards others.

Q:

Hur kommer det sig att vår sociala intuition är stark men ibland farlig? 

A:

▪ Much of our thinking takes place at an unconscious level. For example, we are constantly affected by norms that are largely unconscious (i.e., informal rules that govern our behaviour in social situations).

Q:

Vad innebär kvantitativ metod inom socialpsykologisk metod? (Quantitative methodology)

A:

- Correlation studies (most often with surveys)
- Experiments

Q:

Vad innebär kvalitativ metodologi inom socialpsykologin? (Qualitative methodology)

A:

• Semi-structured interviews and focus groups
• Participant observation/ethnography

Q:

Vad är det som skapar får känsla om oss själva?

A:

1. Answers to the question (i.e., Who am I?) are the building blocks of an individual’s sense of self, or self-concept, and are referred to as self-schemas.



Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Vad är "Self-Schemas"?

A:

• Self-schemas – generalisations about one’s own self that are based on previous experiences and that organise and manage information relevant to one’s self.

Q:

Hur utvecklas vårat "sense of self"?

A:

1. Social comparisons.


2. Other people’s judgements.


3. Our social identities - part of the answer to the question (i.e., Who am I?) stem from our membership in different social


4. The cultural context within which we are situated.

groups; social identities also define who we are not.

Q:

Vad är kultur i en socialpsykologisk kontext? 

A:

Culture = ”hard-wired”, or enduring, behaviours, ideas, attitudes, norms, and traditions that are shared by a group and transmitted from one generation to another.

Q:

Vad är Sociala normer? 

A:

Societal and cultural standards for behaviours that are considered typical (or atypical) and appropriate (or inappropriate) in a given context.

Q:

Vad är "Gender roles"?

A:

A set of norms about standards and expectations for male versus female behaviour.

Q:

Vilka karaktärsdrag finns för en "individualistisk kultur"?

A:

• The individual primarily prioritises himself/herself.
• Individual characteristics and abilities are paramount.
• Sensitive to criticism of personal identity.
• Personal control is very important.
• Pursuing one’s own set goals and ambitions is important.
• Being unique and original is highly valued.

Q:

Vad är social psykologi? 

A:

den vetenskapliga systematiska studien om hur människor tänker om, påverkar och relaterar till andra människor, 

Social Psykologi

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