Final at Northampton Community College | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Final an der Northampton Community College

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Apes

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1) Gibbons

2) Orangutans

3) Gorillaz 

4) Chimpanzees

5) Bonobos

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Characteristics of subphylum of reptilia= Aves

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1) Scaly legs

2) Kinetic Skull (Jaw can unhinge)

3) Nucleated Red Blood Cells

4) Direct link in fossil records

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Characteristics of Aves

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1) Warm blooded

2) Very fast metabolism 

3) 4-chambered heart

4) Skeleton Built for flight 

5) Air sacs

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What makes a birds skeleton good for flight 

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1) Thin skull 

2) Hollow bones 

3) Ribs fused to vertebral column

4) Large keel for attachment of flight muscles

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Feather Color

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1) Red, Orange, and Yellow by lipochrome pigment 

2) Blue can be caused by pigment, but is most often caused by light reflecting off prism shaped barbules

3) Green is often yellow pigment with blue feather structure (barbules?)

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All birds are viviparous (birthing an animal that has developed inside parent/ we are viviparous) but some are:

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Precocial (hatched in an advanced state and able to begin walking and feeding right away): ostrich

Altritial (hatched in an undeveloped state and needs care from parents): Robin

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Breeding

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Most breed by males pressing cloaca against female and depositing sperm (cloacal kiss)

Ducks have penises

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Characteristics of mammals

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1) All mammals have mammary glands (glands that produce milk)

2) Most have hair (Made of keratin and most have a soft inner layer for warmth and a thick outer layer for guard hairs/protection (arector pili muscles), camouflage, signaling

3) Endothermic with high metabolic rate (smaller the mammal = the higher the metabolic rate)

4) 4 chambered heart and closed circulatory system

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Mammals can be classified by what they eat

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1) Insectivore- insects

2) Carnivore- Meat

3) Omnivore- Both Meat and plants

4) Herbivore- Plants

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Mammals can be classified by their reproductive strategy 

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Monotremes- Laying eggs

Marsupials- Live birth, but need support from parent, often in a pouch 

Placental (eutherian)- Live birth, can begin functioning right away

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Characteristics of Primates

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1) Hands and Feet adapted to grasp

2) Large brains

3) Flattened faces with forward facing eyes

4) Flattened nails

5) Parental care

6) Good color vision

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Primate Divisions

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1) Prosimians

2) Anthropoids

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  • 30 Studierende
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Final Kurs an der Northampton Community College - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Apes

A:

1) Gibbons

2) Orangutans

3) Gorillaz 

4) Chimpanzees

5) Bonobos

Q:

Characteristics of subphylum of reptilia= Aves

A:

1) Scaly legs

2) Kinetic Skull (Jaw can unhinge)

3) Nucleated Red Blood Cells

4) Direct link in fossil records

Q:

Characteristics of Aves

A:

1) Warm blooded

2) Very fast metabolism 

3) 4-chambered heart

4) Skeleton Built for flight 

5) Air sacs

Q:

What makes a birds skeleton good for flight 

A:

1) Thin skull 

2) Hollow bones 

3) Ribs fused to vertebral column

4) Large keel for attachment of flight muscles

Q:

Feather Color

A:

1) Red, Orange, and Yellow by lipochrome pigment 

2) Blue can be caused by pigment, but is most often caused by light reflecting off prism shaped barbules

3) Green is often yellow pigment with blue feather structure (barbules?)

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

All birds are viviparous (birthing an animal that has developed inside parent/ we are viviparous) but some are:

A:

Precocial (hatched in an advanced state and able to begin walking and feeding right away): ostrich

Altritial (hatched in an undeveloped state and needs care from parents): Robin

Q:

Breeding

A:

Most breed by males pressing cloaca against female and depositing sperm (cloacal kiss)

Ducks have penises

Q:

Characteristics of mammals

A:

1) All mammals have mammary glands (glands that produce milk)

2) Most have hair (Made of keratin and most have a soft inner layer for warmth and a thick outer layer for guard hairs/protection (arector pili muscles), camouflage, signaling

3) Endothermic with high metabolic rate (smaller the mammal = the higher the metabolic rate)

4) 4 chambered heart and closed circulatory system

Q:

Mammals can be classified by what they eat

A:

1) Insectivore- insects

2) Carnivore- Meat

3) Omnivore- Both Meat and plants

4) Herbivore- Plants

Q:

Mammals can be classified by their reproductive strategy 

A:

Monotremes- Laying eggs

Marsupials- Live birth, but need support from parent, often in a pouch 

Placental (eutherian)- Live birth, can begin functioning right away

Q:

Characteristics of Primates

A:

1) Hands and Feet adapted to grasp

2) Large brains

3) Flattened faces with forward facing eyes

4) Flattened nails

5) Parental care

6) Good color vision

Q:

Primate Divisions

A:

1) Prosimians

2) Anthropoids

Final

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