IT and library skills at Nigerian Turkish Nile University

Flashcards and summaries for IT and library skills at the Nigerian Turkish Nile University

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course IT and library skills at the Nigerian Turkish Nile University

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Computer literacy 

Exemplary flashcards for IT and library skills at the Nigerian Turkish Nile University on StudySmarter:

Computer 

Exemplary flashcards for IT and library skills at the Nigerian Turkish Nile University on StudySmarter:

Categories of computer 
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Classification of computers 

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Mini computers 

Exemplary flashcards for IT and library skills at the Nigerian Turkish Nile University on StudySmarter:

Micro computers 

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Mainframe computers 
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Super computers 

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Components of a computer 

Exemplary flashcards for IT and library skills at the Nigerian Turkish Nile University on StudySmarter:

Software 

Exemplary flashcards for IT and library skills at the Nigerian Turkish Nile University on StudySmarter:

Hardware 
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Examples of hardware 

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Exemplary flashcards for IT and library skills at the Nigerian Turkish Nile University on StudySmarter:

IT and library skills

Computer literacy 
the knowledge and ability to use computers and related technology efficiently, with skill levels ranging from elementary use to computer  programming and advanced problem solving.

IT and library skills

Computer 
an electronic device for storing and processing data, typically in binary form, according to instructions given to it in a variable program.

IT and library skills

Categories of computer 
  • Personal computers 
  • Handheld computers 
  • Internet appliances 
  • Mainframe computers 
  • Super computers 

IT and library skills

Classification of computers 
  • Mini computers 
  • Micro computers
  • Mainframe computers 
  • Super computers 

IT and library skills

Mini computers 
a computer of medium power, more than a microcomputer but less than a Mainframe. It was developed in the mid 1960s and was considered cheap compared to mainframe and mid-sized computers 

IT and library skills

Micro computers 
A small computer that contains or uses a microprocessor as its central processor instead of a CPU. They are also known as personal computers which can be used by one user at a time. Examples are laptops, dextops, etc. 

IT and library skills

Mainframe computers 
It contains large memory, huge storage space, multiple high grade processors, and has ultra processing power compared to standard computer systems. It's faster than the fastest personal computer but not as fast as a super computer. It's a combination of the RAM and many processors It acts as a central processing unit for many workstations and terminals connected with it.

IT and library skills

Super computers 
A supercomputer is a computer that performs at or near the currently highest operational rate for computers. Traditionally, supercomputers have been used for scientific and engineering applications  that must handle very large databases or do a great amount of computation (or both). A Mainframe computer can be optimized to form a super computer.

IT and library skills

Components of a computer 
Hardware and software 

IT and library skills

Software 
instructions that tell a computer what to do. Software comprises the entire set of programs, procedures, and routines associated with the operation of a computer system.

IT and library skills

Hardware 
The physical components that a computer system requires to function. It encompasses everything with a circuit board that operates within a PC or laptop; including the motherboard, graphics card, CPU (Central Processing Unit), ventilation fans, webcam, power supply, and so on.

IT and library skills

Examples of hardware 
  1. Motherboard
  2. Central Processing Unit (CPU)
  3. Power Supply
  4. Random Access Memory (RAM)
  5. Hard Disk Drive (HDD)
  6. Video Card
  7. Solid-State Drive (SSD)
  8. Optical Disc Drive (e.g. BD drive, DVD drive, CD drive)
  9. Card Reader (e.g. SD, SDHC)
  10. Monitor
  11. Keyboard
  12. Mouse
  13. Printer
  14. Speakers
  15. External Hard Drive
  16. Desktop Image Scanner
  17. Projector
  18. Joystick
  19. Headphones
  20. USB Flash Drive

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