Anaphy: Integumentary at New Era University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für anaphy: integumentary an der New Era University

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Within the papillary layer are _____, 

a small number of fat cells (adipocytes), an abundance of small blood vessels, & phagocytes

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fibroblasts

-defensive cells that help fight bacteria or other infections that have breached the skin

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Fibers:

provide some elasticity to the skin, enablingmovement

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Elastin fibers

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Layers of the Skin:

has a grainy appearance due to further changes to the keratinocytes as they are pushed from the stratum spinosum

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Stratum granulosum

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Layers of the Skin:

 contains blood and lymph vessels, nerves, and other structures, such as hair follicles and sweat glands  made of two layers of connective tissue that compose of interconnected mesh of elastin and collagenous fibers, produced by fibroblasts

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Dermis

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largest organ of the body 

• with a total area of about 20 square feet

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skin

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Layers of the skin  (Dermis):

also contains lymphatic capillaries, nerve fibers, and touch receptors called the Meissner corpuscles

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Papillary layer

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color is created by special cells called

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melanocytes produce the pigment melanin  located in the epidermis

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-functions as a receptor 

-responsible for stimulating sensory nerves that the brain perceives as touch

-abundant on the surfaces of the hands and feet

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Merkell Cell

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Layers of the Skin:

beneath the epidermis 

• contains tough connective tissue, hair follicles, and sweat glands

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dermis

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Layers of the Skin:

-cells in this layer are shed periodically and are replaced by cells pushed up from the stratum granulosum (or stratum lucidumin the case of the palms and soles of feet) 

-entire layer is replaced during a period of about 4 weeks

-cosmetic procedures, such as microdermabrasion  help remove some of the dry upper layer

-aim to keep the skin looking "fresh" and healthy

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Stratum corneum

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interspersed among the keratinocytes of this layer is a type of dendritic cell called the Langerhans cell  functions as a macrophage by engulfing bacteria, foreign particles, and damaged cells that occur in this layer

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stratum spinosum

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Fibers:

provide structure and tensile strength; binds water to keep the skin hydrated

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Collagen fibers

-collagen injections help restore skin turgor -Retin-A creams stimulating blood flow and repair of the dermis

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Q:

Within the papillary layer are _____, 

a small number of fat cells (adipocytes), an abundance of small blood vessels, & phagocytes

A:

fibroblasts

-defensive cells that help fight bacteria or other infections that have breached the skin

Q:

Fibers:

provide some elasticity to the skin, enablingmovement

A:


Elastin fibers

Q:

Layers of the Skin:

has a grainy appearance due to further changes to the keratinocytes as they are pushed from the stratum spinosum

A:

Stratum granulosum

Q:

Layers of the Skin:

 contains blood and lymph vessels, nerves, and other structures, such as hair follicles and sweat glands  made of two layers of connective tissue that compose of interconnected mesh of elastin and collagenous fibers, produced by fibroblasts

A:

Dermis

Q:

largest organ of the body 

• with a total area of about 20 square feet

A:

skin

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Q:

Layers of the skin  (Dermis):

also contains lymphatic capillaries, nerve fibers, and touch receptors called the Meissner corpuscles

A:

Papillary layer

Q:


color is created by special cells called

A:

melanocytes produce the pigment melanin  located in the epidermis

Q:

-functions as a receptor 

-responsible for stimulating sensory nerves that the brain perceives as touch

-abundant on the surfaces of the hands and feet

A:

Merkell Cell

Q:

Layers of the Skin:

beneath the epidermis 

• contains tough connective tissue, hair follicles, and sweat glands

A:

dermis

Q:

Layers of the Skin:

-cells in this layer are shed periodically and are replaced by cells pushed up from the stratum granulosum (or stratum lucidumin the case of the palms and soles of feet) 

-entire layer is replaced during a period of about 4 weeks

-cosmetic procedures, such as microdermabrasion  help remove some of the dry upper layer

-aim to keep the skin looking "fresh" and healthy

A:

Stratum corneum

Q:


interspersed among the keratinocytes of this layer is a type of dendritic cell called the Langerhans cell  functions as a macrophage by engulfing bacteria, foreign particles, and damaged cells that occur in this layer

A:

stratum spinosum

Q:

Fibers:

provide structure and tensile strength; binds water to keep the skin hydrated

A:

Collagen fibers

-collagen injections help restore skin turgor -Retin-A creams stimulating blood flow and repair of the dermis

anaphy: integumentary

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