Microbiologie at Medical Academy In Wroclaw | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für microbiologie an der Medical Academy in Wroclaw

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Which technique is considered the definitive method for defining a bacterial species?

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Analysis of chromosomal DNA fragments by Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE)

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A 47 year old Japanese man has rash and nodules on his skin. A biopsy of a nodule shows a T cell lymphoma and the presence of CD4 T cells that carry HTLV-I. Which answer is characteristic of this disease?

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Disease is sexually transmitted

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A live attenuated vaccine is used to prevent infections caused by which bacterial species?

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Bordetella pertussis

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A 6-year old boy arrives with his mother to the pediatric emergency room complaining of pain in his right hand where a star cat had bit him the previous day. The mother had washed the wound with soap and water but noticed the area around the wound was red by that evening. The next morning, the boy awoke crying and complaining of pain in his hand. The physical exam reveals that he has an oral temperature of 39°C. The skin over the wound is erythematous. A serosanguineous drop is expressed from the puncture wound and submitted for a culture and Gram stain. The microbiology laboratory reports abundant growth of gram-negative coccobacilli. The organisms were facultatively anaerobic but failed to grow on MacConkey agar. Which organism is most likely responsible for this infection? 

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Capnocytophaga

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Which antbiotic is considered the drug of choice for treating infections with Francisella tularensis?

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ceftriaxone

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What is the most common source of Shigella infections ? 
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Person- to- Person contact
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Which intracellular pathogen is transmitted by the human body louse?

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Coxiella burnetti

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A 55-year-old man is admitted to the hospital with complaints of chest pain and production of blood-tinged sputum. A chest radiograph confirms consolidation in the left upper lung field and Klebsiella pneumoniae is isolated from blood cultures and sputum. Therapy with ceftazidime is initiated.After 10 days of treatment the man develops profuse, watery diarrhea. During the next 2 days, the diarrhea becomes more frequent and blood is present in stool samples. White plaques over the colonic mucosa are observed by coloscopy. Which toxin is most likely responsible for this colitis?

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bacillus cereus enterotoxin

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Which organism is uniformly susceptible to vancomycin?

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Enterococcus 

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Which association is correct?

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Strict anaerobic gram positive cocci: Enterococcus 

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Which mycobacteria is characterised by positive niacine and nitrate reductase tests?

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Mycobacterium avium

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Effective vaccine programs have been established to prevent smallpox (caused by variola virus) and rubella (caused by rubella virus). Although the agents of these diseases share several characteristics that facilitate disease prevention, which characteristic of rubella virus distinguishes it from variola virus and limits the possibility of eliminating rubella?






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The host range for rubella virus is limited to humans

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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen microbiologie Kurs an der Medical Academy in Wroclaw - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Which technique is considered the definitive method for defining a bacterial species?

A:

Analysis of chromosomal DNA fragments by Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE)

Q:

A 47 year old Japanese man has rash and nodules on his skin. A biopsy of a nodule shows a T cell lymphoma and the presence of CD4 T cells that carry HTLV-I. Which answer is characteristic of this disease?

A:

Disease is sexually transmitted

Q:

A live attenuated vaccine is used to prevent infections caused by which bacterial species?

A:

Bordetella pertussis

Q:

A 6-year old boy arrives with his mother to the pediatric emergency room complaining of pain in his right hand where a star cat had bit him the previous day. The mother had washed the wound with soap and water but noticed the area around the wound was red by that evening. The next morning, the boy awoke crying and complaining of pain in his hand. The physical exam reveals that he has an oral temperature of 39°C. The skin over the wound is erythematous. A serosanguineous drop is expressed from the puncture wound and submitted for a culture and Gram stain. The microbiology laboratory reports abundant growth of gram-negative coccobacilli. The organisms were facultatively anaerobic but failed to grow on MacConkey agar. Which organism is most likely responsible for this infection? 

A:

Capnocytophaga

Q:

Which antbiotic is considered the drug of choice for treating infections with Francisella tularensis?

A:

ceftriaxone

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Q:
What is the most common source of Shigella infections ? 
A:
Person- to- Person contact
Q:

Which intracellular pathogen is transmitted by the human body louse?

A:

Coxiella burnetti

Q:

A 55-year-old man is admitted to the hospital with complaints of chest pain and production of blood-tinged sputum. A chest radiograph confirms consolidation in the left upper lung field and Klebsiella pneumoniae is isolated from blood cultures and sputum. Therapy with ceftazidime is initiated.After 10 days of treatment the man develops profuse, watery diarrhea. During the next 2 days, the diarrhea becomes more frequent and blood is present in stool samples. White plaques over the colonic mucosa are observed by coloscopy. Which toxin is most likely responsible for this colitis?

A:

bacillus cereus enterotoxin

Q:

Which organism is uniformly susceptible to vancomycin?

A:

Enterococcus 

Q:

Which association is correct?

A:

Strict anaerobic gram positive cocci: Enterococcus 

Q:

Which mycobacteria is characterised by positive niacine and nitrate reductase tests?

A:

Mycobacterium avium

Q:


Effective vaccine programs have been established to prevent smallpox (caused by variola virus) and rubella (caused by rubella virus). Although the agents of these diseases share several characteristics that facilitate disease prevention, which characteristic of rubella virus distinguishes it from variola virus and limits the possibility of eliminating rubella?






A:

The host range for rubella virus is limited to humans

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