PSY104: Developmental Psychology at Manuel S. Enverga University Foundation | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für PSY104: Developmental Psychology an der Manuel S. Enverga University Foundation

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is developmental psychology? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- studies how individuals change over their life span and the processes that create those changes

- changes over time
  •  in the body, mind and/or behaviour
  • due to biology and experience

- intra and inter individual changes

- interdisciplinary;
  • incorporating; biological, social, cognitive, perceptual, personality
- the largest branch of psychology 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the first stage of child development? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Prenatal - 
- Age span:
  • Conception - birth
- What develops? 
  • From single cell - complete organism, in utero
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the second period of child development? 
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Infancy-
- Age span:
  • 0 - 2 years
- What develops? 
  • Dependence on adults; beginning of many psychological activities (motor coordination, symbolic thought, language, social learning) 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the fourth period of development? 
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Middle and late childhood-
- Age span:
  • 6 - 12 years
- What develops? 
  • Primary school years; mastering skills such as reading, writing and maths; learning about culture, social skills, increased self-control & reasoning ability
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Why do we study children? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- Philosophical:
  • What does it mean to be human? 
- Empirical:
  • Childhood is a period of rapid change
  • Long-term influences of childhood
  • Understanding the origins and development of complex adult processes
  • Comparative questions
- Applied:
  • Real world applications 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Whar is the third period of child development? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Early childhood-
- Age span:
  • 2 - 6 years
- What develops? 
  • Pre-school years; increased self-sufficiency, development of "school readiness" skills, social skills (playing with peers) 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the fifth period of development? 
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Adolescence-
- Age span:
  • 12 - 20 years
- What develops? 
  • Rapid physical changes; sexual development, pursuit of independence and identity, thought becomes more logical, abstract and idealistic
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the plural for schema? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Schemata - through interacting with the world - become differentiated due to experience; cognitive structure changes
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is "original sin" and who developed this idea? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- Hobbes 1588-1679
- Children are inherently sinful, development should be shaped by control and discipline
  • "Let him have nothing he cries for; absolutely nothing great or small... make him do as you are bid, if you whip him 10 times running to effect this" (Susanna Wesley c1750) 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is discontinuous development? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Fundamental differences between adults and children
  • Development is marked by a series of abrupt changes 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is an observation? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Behaviours are observed and recorded
  • Naturalistic or structured 
  • Descriptive or systematic 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the schemata of the sensorimotor stage? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
The child begins to interact with the environment. 
  • Provide children with ways to interact with and know about the world
  • Infants' knowledge of world is derived from these schemes
  • Go from reflexes to organised set of schemata
  • Understand world in terms of physical actions and senses
  • During the sensorimotor stage cognition is closely linked to external environment: child uses senses and motor abilities to understand the world, beginning with reflexes and ending with symbolic thinking
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  • 1888 Karteikarten
  • 203 Studierende
  • 2 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen PSY104: Developmental Psychology Kurs an der Manuel S. Enverga University Foundation - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
What is developmental psychology? 
A:
- studies how individuals change over their life span and the processes that create those changes

- changes over time
  •  in the body, mind and/or behaviour
  • due to biology and experience

- intra and inter individual changes

- interdisciplinary;
  • incorporating; biological, social, cognitive, perceptual, personality
- the largest branch of psychology 
Q:
What is the first stage of child development? 
A:
Prenatal - 
- Age span:
  • Conception - birth
- What develops? 
  • From single cell - complete organism, in utero
Q:
What is the second period of child development? 
A:
Infancy-
- Age span:
  • 0 - 2 years
- What develops? 
  • Dependence on adults; beginning of many psychological activities (motor coordination, symbolic thought, language, social learning) 
Q:
What is the fourth period of development? 
A:
Middle and late childhood-
- Age span:
  • 6 - 12 years
- What develops? 
  • Primary school years; mastering skills such as reading, writing and maths; learning about culture, social skills, increased self-control & reasoning ability
Q:
Why do we study children? 
A:
- Philosophical:
  • What does it mean to be human? 
- Empirical:
  • Childhood is a period of rapid change
  • Long-term influences of childhood
  • Understanding the origins and development of complex adult processes
  • Comparative questions
- Applied:
  • Real world applications 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
Whar is the third period of child development? 
A:
Early childhood-
- Age span:
  • 2 - 6 years
- What develops? 
  • Pre-school years; increased self-sufficiency, development of "school readiness" skills, social skills (playing with peers) 
Q:
What is the fifth period of development? 
A:
Adolescence-
- Age span:
  • 12 - 20 years
- What develops? 
  • Rapid physical changes; sexual development, pursuit of independence and identity, thought becomes more logical, abstract and idealistic
Q:
What is the plural for schema? 
A:
Schemata - through interacting with the world - become differentiated due to experience; cognitive structure changes
Q:
What is "original sin" and who developed this idea? 
A:
- Hobbes 1588-1679
- Children are inherently sinful, development should be shaped by control and discipline
  • "Let him have nothing he cries for; absolutely nothing great or small... make him do as you are bid, if you whip him 10 times running to effect this" (Susanna Wesley c1750) 
Q:
What is discontinuous development? 
A:
  • Fundamental differences between adults and children
  • Development is marked by a series of abrupt changes 
Q:
What is an observation? 
A:
  • Behaviours are observed and recorded
  • Naturalistic or structured 
  • Descriptive or systematic 
Q:
What are the schemata of the sensorimotor stage? 
A:
The child begins to interact with the environment. 
  • Provide children with ways to interact with and know about the world
  • Infants' knowledge of world is derived from these schemes
  • Go from reflexes to organised set of schemata
  • Understand world in terms of physical actions and senses
  • During the sensorimotor stage cognition is closely linked to external environment: child uses senses and motor abilities to understand the world, beginning with reflexes and ending with symbolic thinking
PSY104: Developmental Psychology

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