Evolution Biology at MacEwan University | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Evolution Biology an der MacEwan University

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What is the advantage of vascular plants?
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Allows for greater specialization of organ systems
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What is the current dominant terrestrial plant?
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Seed plants
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Name the functions of a pilus
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  • Role in movement
  • main one is adherence to surfaces, which facilitates infection: key virulence characteristic
  • structure of a bacteria cell
RMS
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What is poikilohydry
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When an organisms water content changes with the moisture of the surrounding environment. No means to prevent completely drying out
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How are seeds produced in pollination?
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When pollen is transferred between flowers of the same species
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What did the coal deposits do? FTC
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  • fossilized remains of trees
  • terrestrial biological carbon pump
  • cooled earth, dryer environments 
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What is peptidoglycan?
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It is a polymer made of sugars and amino acids that forms a mesh-like layer around most bacteria, which forms a cell wall
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What is flagellum?
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A slender, threadlike structures, especially microscopic appendage that enables Protozoa bacteria, spermatozoa etc…
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What is coloniality?
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Composed of 2 or more conspecific individuals that live with or connected to one another;cluster of cells(identical) usually derived from a single parent cell, as in a bacterial colony
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Define heterokaryotic 
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Refers to where two or more genetically different nuclei share the same cytoplasm
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What is a mixotroph?
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Can obtain energy from both organic & inorganic substances
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Name the 9 characteristics of fungi HSGCDNUMB
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  • Heterotrophic, absorptive 
  • sessile 
  • grow in response to stimuli 
  • cell wall made of chitin (polysaccharide) 
  • digest food externally and then absorb food through cell wall and membrane 
  • natural selection selects high surface area to volume ratio 
  • unicellular = yeasts
  • multicellular = moulds
  • body is composed of 1-cell thick tissue known as hyphae
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  • 9056 Karteikarten
  • 182 Studierende
  • 1 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Evolution Biology Kurs an der MacEwan University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
What is the advantage of vascular plants?
A:
Allows for greater specialization of organ systems
Q:
What is the current dominant terrestrial plant?
A:
Seed plants
Q:
Name the functions of a pilus
A:
  • Role in movement
  • main one is adherence to surfaces, which facilitates infection: key virulence characteristic
  • structure of a bacteria cell
RMS
Q:
What is poikilohydry
A:
When an organisms water content changes with the moisture of the surrounding environment. No means to prevent completely drying out
Q:
How are seeds produced in pollination?
A:
When pollen is transferred between flowers of the same species
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What did the coal deposits do? FTC
A:
  • fossilized remains of trees
  • terrestrial biological carbon pump
  • cooled earth, dryer environments 
Q:
What is peptidoglycan?
A:
It is a polymer made of sugars and amino acids that forms a mesh-like layer around most bacteria, which forms a cell wall
Q:
What is flagellum?
A:
A slender, threadlike structures, especially microscopic appendage that enables Protozoa bacteria, spermatozoa etc…
Q:
What is coloniality?
A:
Composed of 2 or more conspecific individuals that live with or connected to one another;cluster of cells(identical) usually derived from a single parent cell, as in a bacterial colony
Q:
Define heterokaryotic 
A:
Refers to where two or more genetically different nuclei share the same cytoplasm
Q:
What is a mixotroph?
A:
Can obtain energy from both organic & inorganic substances
Q:
Name the 9 characteristics of fungi HSGCDNUMB
A:
  • Heterotrophic, absorptive 
  • sessile 
  • grow in response to stimuli 
  • cell wall made of chitin (polysaccharide) 
  • digest food externally and then absorb food through cell wall and membrane 
  • natural selection selects high surface area to volume ratio 
  • unicellular = yeasts
  • multicellular = moulds
  • body is composed of 1-cell thick tissue known as hyphae
Evolution Biology

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