Food And Nutrition at Maastricht University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Food and Nutrition an der Maastricht University

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Chemical Food Safety
What is included in the RISK ASSESSMENT?

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Hazard identification
Investigation of biological properties of the chemical under experimental conditions

Hazard characterization
Evaluation of all available data in order to establish the relationship between dose and response

Exposure assessment
Estimates possible intake of the agent in different population

Risk characterization
Define risk under the actual conditions of use and production 
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What are the steps in an outbreak management?
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1. Preliminary assessment of the situation.
2. Communication with the public.
3. Descriptive epidemiology.
4. Food and environmental investigations.
5. Analysis and interpretation.
6. Control measures.
7. Further studies. 
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Authorisation
3 main stages

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1. Request
- EFSA receives request form Commission, Parliament and MS

2. Assessment
- sets up working group of experts to carry out risk assessment

3. Adoption
- assessment adopted by majority of panel members + output is published for everyone
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Definition of NOAEL
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No-observed-adverse-effect level

Threshold of quantity/ dose until which a chemical is safe and has no effect
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CAP reforms introduced in 2005
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  • Uncouple of production from subsidy 
  • “whole farm payments“ (2005-2007) 100% available to farmers who:
    • use land to produce food  products
    • protect local rural environment
    • high standards of food safety
    • animal welfare
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CAP and tobacco
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  • Direct subsidies to farmers ended in 2010
  • BUT, tobacco can still be grown within „whole farm payments“ scheme!
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Definition 
Novel foods
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not been consumed before 1997

newly developed, innovative, use of technologies

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Purpose
EFSA
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- risk assessment
- produces scientific opinions and advices that form the basis for European policies and legislation 
- examine evidence that is provided
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Types of pathogens
Definition Viruses
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= Microscopic  parasites that can infect living organism and cause disease 
—> uses parts of the cellular machinery to reproduce, and release the replicated nuclei acid chains to infect more cells
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Definition
Claim
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Any message or representation, which is not mandatory under Community or national legislation (incl. graphics, symbols, ...) which states, suggests or implies that a food has particular characteristics
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What is the article 14 claim 
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Article 14 (1)(a) - „Risk reduction claims“
- reducing risk factor in development of a disease
- Example: plant sterol esters

Article 14 (1)(b) - „Claims referring to children‘s development“
- Example: Vitamin D needed for normal growth
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Purpose 
Functional foods
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Helps consumer to achieve nutrition needed 

Eradicate nutrition deficits
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Q:
Chemical Food Safety
What is included in the RISK ASSESSMENT?

A:
Hazard identification
Investigation of biological properties of the chemical under experimental conditions

Hazard characterization
Evaluation of all available data in order to establish the relationship between dose and response

Exposure assessment
Estimates possible intake of the agent in different population

Risk characterization
Define risk under the actual conditions of use and production 
Q:
What are the steps in an outbreak management?
A:
1. Preliminary assessment of the situation.
2. Communication with the public.
3. Descriptive epidemiology.
4. Food and environmental investigations.
5. Analysis and interpretation.
6. Control measures.
7. Further studies. 
Q:
Authorisation
3 main stages

A:
1. Request
- EFSA receives request form Commission, Parliament and MS

2. Assessment
- sets up working group of experts to carry out risk assessment

3. Adoption
- assessment adopted by majority of panel members + output is published for everyone
Q:
Definition of NOAEL
A:
No-observed-adverse-effect level

Threshold of quantity/ dose until which a chemical is safe and has no effect
Q:
CAP reforms introduced in 2005
A:
  • Uncouple of production from subsidy 
  • “whole farm payments“ (2005-2007) 100% available to farmers who:
    • use land to produce food  products
    • protect local rural environment
    • high standards of food safety
    • animal welfare
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
CAP and tobacco
A:
  • Direct subsidies to farmers ended in 2010
  • BUT, tobacco can still be grown within „whole farm payments“ scheme!
Q:
Definition 
Novel foods
A:
not been consumed before 1997

newly developed, innovative, use of technologies

Q:
Purpose
EFSA
A:
- risk assessment
- produces scientific opinions and advices that form the basis for European policies and legislation 
- examine evidence that is provided
Q:
Types of pathogens
Definition Viruses
A:
= Microscopic  parasites that can infect living organism and cause disease 
—> uses parts of the cellular machinery to reproduce, and release the replicated nuclei acid chains to infect more cells
Q:
Definition
Claim
A:
Any message or representation, which is not mandatory under Community or national legislation (incl. graphics, symbols, ...) which states, suggests or implies that a food has particular characteristics
Q:
What is the article 14 claim 
A:
Article 14 (1)(a) - „Risk reduction claims“
- reducing risk factor in development of a disease
- Example: plant sterol esters

Article 14 (1)(b) - „Claims referring to children‘s development“
- Example: Vitamin D needed for normal growth
Q:
Purpose 
Functional foods
A:
Helps consumer to achieve nutrition needed 

Eradicate nutrition deficits
Food and Nutrition

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