General Pathology at LMU München

Flashcards and summaries for General Pathology at the LMU München

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Ischemia

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Algor mortis

Exemplary flashcards for General Pathology at the LMU München on StudySmarter:

Anemia

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Pulmonary edema

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Thrombus type

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Embolus

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Tissue changes

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Disease

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Vicious circle

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Stages of disease

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Death cases

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Thanatogensis

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Exemplary flashcards for General Pathology at the LMU München on StudySmarter:

General Pathology

Ischemia

Reduced tissue blood flow/ perfusion → low o2, low nutrients, accumulation of metabolites (ischaemic core is necrotic, ischemic penumbra (if partial occlusion surrounds it)

General Pathology

Algor mortis

lower body temperature (ears-skin-head-extremities-viscera)

General Pathology

Anemia

o2 on erys decreased (acute/chronic)

General Pathology

Pulmonary edema

clear fluid in alveolar lumen

General Pathology

Thrombus type

Arterial Thrombus - White, 

Venous Thrombus -Red

General Pathology

Embolus

=Intravascular mass circulating and obstructing blood/lymphatic vessels


→ Thrombus particles, Fat embolisms (from bone fracture, can be found in lung later due to them being in veins), Air embolism (iatrogen, chest wall injuries), Amniotic fluid embolism (parturition complications), Tumor cells, Fibro-cartilage parts (disc injury), Parasites/Bacteria

→ Can lead to bacterial endocarditis, Infarction of the kidney etc.

Therapy/ Prevention :
Aspirin → inhibits platelet aggregation, blocks AA metabolite (thromboxane)

General Pathology

Tissue changes

1. Necrosis
2. Inflammation
3. Vascular changes
4. Degeneration, extracellular deposition
5. Cells adaptation (atrophy, hyperplasia, hypertrophy)
6. Tumor 7. Growth disorders

General Pathology

Disease

disorder/loss of function in homeostasis or organ caused by etiological agent

General Pathology

Vicious circle

when disease in one organ makes it worse for the same organ in circle

General Pathology

Stages of disease

Latent (1), Prodromal (2), Culmination (3), Final (4)

(1)= incubation period, first impact
(2)= early symptoms, vague appearance

(3)= expressed, typical clinical signs

(4)= Resolution (remission, chronic form, healing, death

General Pathology

Death cases

Natural death (exitus letalis) - bye old age, organ functions depleted

Premature death - Violent (forensics, slaughter, euthanasia) Non-violent (disease)

General Pathology

Thanatogensis

Process of death

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Pathologie at

ZHAW - Zürcher Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften

general Haemotology at

Imperial College School of Medicine

oral pathology at

Jazan University

Pathology at

Rajiv Gandhi University

Pathologie at

Fachhochschule Kärnten

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