Law - Defences at Liverpool John Moores University | Flashcards & Summaries

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the difference between Legally intoxicated and Merely Drunk? What cases can be used when explaining this point? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Legally Intoxicated = the defendant has NO mens Rea as they don’t remember the event 

Merely Drunk = something the defendant wouldn’t do sober as set out in R V Heard 

R V Sheehan and Moore = “Drunken intent is still intent”
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the difference between voluntarily intoxication and Involuntary intoxication? Give case examples for this
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Voluntary intoxication = when the defendant has chosen to become intoxicated (R V Lipman) 

Involuntary intoxication = when the defendant does not know they have taken something intoxicating or medication with an unknown side effect 
(R v Kingston) (R V Hardie = Unknown side effect)
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is a basic intent offence? Give an example and a case example
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
A Basic intent offense is a crime which is committed either INTENTIONALLY or RECKLESSLY such as criminal damage. As shown in DPP V Majewski if a defendant deliberately becomes intoxicated then they are already reckless 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is a Specific intent offence? Give an example and give case examples. 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
A specific intent offence as shown in R V Lipman if there is a basic intent version of a crime ( E.G Murder, Manslaughter) then intoxication will reduce this down to the basic version and D will get a lower sentence. But if there is no lesser version for a crime (E.G theft, robbery) then the defendant is not guilty
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the 5 elements of insanity? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1) Definition of insanity (M’Naughten case 1843) 
2) Defect of Reason (Deprivation of the powers of reasoning) (R V Clarke)
3) Disease of the mind (Internal condition) which effects how the mind works - different examples on another flash card 
4) Defendant not to know the nature and quality of their actions (R V Oye) 
5) Defendant not to know what they are doing is wrong in law (R V Windle)
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the definition of insanity and where does it come from? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
M’Naughtens case 1843:
 
“The accused was Laboring under such a defect of reason from disease of the mind as not to know the nature and quality of the act he was doing or if he did know it, that he did not know what he was doing was wrong” 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is a defect of reason? What case supports this? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
(R V Clark) 

The defendants impaired ability to make sensible and logical decisions 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is disease of the mind? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
This is an INTERNAL condition which effects how the mind works, it can be either a physical condition or a psychiatric condition, as long as it affects the mind 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What case highlights paranoid and delusion in insanity? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
M’Naughtens case 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What case highlights arteriosclerosis in insanity? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
R V Kemp 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What case highlights epilepsy in insanity? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
R V Sullivan
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the 3 elements of intoxication that need to be measured in order to successfully use the defense? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1) Legally intoxicated Vs Merely Drunk
2)Voluntarily intoxicated Vs Involuntarily intoxicated
3) Was it a Basic or Specific intent offence?

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Q:
What is the difference between Legally intoxicated and Merely Drunk? What cases can be used when explaining this point? 
A:
Legally Intoxicated = the defendant has NO mens Rea as they don’t remember the event 

Merely Drunk = something the defendant wouldn’t do sober as set out in R V Heard 

R V Sheehan and Moore = “Drunken intent is still intent”
Q:
What is the difference between voluntarily intoxication and Involuntary intoxication? Give case examples for this
A:
Voluntary intoxication = when the defendant has chosen to become intoxicated (R V Lipman) 

Involuntary intoxication = when the defendant does not know they have taken something intoxicating or medication with an unknown side effect 
(R v Kingston) (R V Hardie = Unknown side effect)
Q:
What is a basic intent offence? Give an example and a case example
A:
A Basic intent offense is a crime which is committed either INTENTIONALLY or RECKLESSLY such as criminal damage. As shown in DPP V Majewski if a defendant deliberately becomes intoxicated then they are already reckless 
Q:
What is a Specific intent offence? Give an example and give case examples. 
A:
A specific intent offence as shown in R V Lipman if there is a basic intent version of a crime ( E.G Murder, Manslaughter) then intoxication will reduce this down to the basic version and D will get a lower sentence. But if there is no lesser version for a crime (E.G theft, robbery) then the defendant is not guilty
Q:
What are the 5 elements of insanity? 
A:
1) Definition of insanity (M’Naughten case 1843) 
2) Defect of Reason (Deprivation of the powers of reasoning) (R V Clarke)
3) Disease of the mind (Internal condition) which effects how the mind works - different examples on another flash card 
4) Defendant not to know the nature and quality of their actions (R V Oye) 
5) Defendant not to know what they are doing is wrong in law (R V Windle)
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Q:
What is the definition of insanity and where does it come from? 
A:
M’Naughtens case 1843:
 
“The accused was Laboring under such a defect of reason from disease of the mind as not to know the nature and quality of the act he was doing or if he did know it, that he did not know what he was doing was wrong” 
Q:
What is a defect of reason? What case supports this? 
A:
(R V Clark) 

The defendants impaired ability to make sensible and logical decisions 
Q:
What is disease of the mind? 
A:
This is an INTERNAL condition which effects how the mind works, it can be either a physical condition or a psychiatric condition, as long as it affects the mind 
Q:
What case highlights paranoid and delusion in insanity? 
A:
M’Naughtens case 
Q:
What case highlights arteriosclerosis in insanity? 
A:
R V Kemp 
Q:
What case highlights epilepsy in insanity? 
A:
R V Sullivan
Q:
What are the 3 elements of intoxication that need to be measured in order to successfully use the defense? 
A:
1) Legally intoxicated Vs Merely Drunk
2)Voluntarily intoxicated Vs Involuntarily intoxicated
3) Was it a Basic or Specific intent offence?

Law - Defences

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