The Library at Leiden University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für The Library an der Leiden University

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Callimachus


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Compiled the library’s catalogue called the Pinakes, a classified shelf list of ten main classes (for example, drama, laws, history) that referenced labels attached to the ends of the papyrus rolls.

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The Alexandrian Library


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  • Founded by Ptolemy I
  • Prototype of the modern national library


Aims

  1. to collect every work written in Greek as well as sacred texts of contiguous civilizations
  2. to edit and authenticate Greek poets and dramatists
  3. to create a research library for scholars to study all these materials.


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Early library collections

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Consisted of a few clay tablets and papyrus rolls made accessible to the tiny literate of the population. They were created to record the accomplishments and the transactions of the politically and economically powerful.

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Library at Ebla 


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  • Contained more than 15,000 clay tablets consisting of government documents, gazetteers, and linguistic and religious reference works.
  • Syria

 

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Nineveh


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  • Library
  • Assyrian king Ashurbanipal ordered scribes to gather tablets from private houses and temples for a palace collection that he put together in Nineveh. 
  • Its holdings – accessible only to the king and his scribes – reflected his interests.
  • Categorized by size and housed in labeled containers.
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Libraries

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  • Collecting
  • Preserving 
  • Maintaining 
  • Organizing
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The Library in Asia

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  • The rise of Jainism and Buddhism around the sixth-century bc led to the evolution of a canon of religious writings that libraries were established to collect, preserve, and replicate.
  • Emperors in the Han dynasty (206 bc – ad 220) supported efforts to compile and collect Confucian writings and other texts, which were greatly expanded after the invention of paper and the use of block printing made it possible to accelerate rapidly the production of books. 
  • Followers of Confucius and Buddha carried their texts to other parts of Asia.
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Three types of libraries developed during India’s ancient period (3000 bc – ad 1206)


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  • Attached to palaces and courts
  • Attached to centers of learning 
  • Attached to places of worship to places of worship
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Monastic libraries


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  • Elaborate textual copying systems 
  • Preserved many of the classical manuscripts and Church writings
  • Monasteries were crucial to keeping book culture alive and in preserving and transmitting not only patristic texts but also the works of classical authors, which were utilized for the purpose of teaching Latin.
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Universities

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  • Established in the twelfth century
  • Exposure to other cultures, because they were less religious and more secular than monastic libraries.
  • The libraries connected to them assumed larger responsibilities for collecting, preserving, and organizing information.
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Muslim Cultures

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  • Translated Greek and Latin manuscripts into Arabic. 
  • Opened large libraries to members of the elite classes in population centers such as Baghdad and Cairo.
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Johann Gutenberg



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  • Inventor of the printing press
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  • 3715 Karteikarten
  • 146 Studierende
  • 7 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen The Library Kurs an der Leiden University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Callimachus


A:

Compiled the library’s catalogue called the Pinakes, a classified shelf list of ten main classes (for example, drama, laws, history) that referenced labels attached to the ends of the papyrus rolls.

Q:

The Alexandrian Library


A:
  • Founded by Ptolemy I
  • Prototype of the modern national library


Aims

  1. to collect every work written in Greek as well as sacred texts of contiguous civilizations
  2. to edit and authenticate Greek poets and dramatists
  3. to create a research library for scholars to study all these materials.


Q:

Early library collections

A:

Consisted of a few clay tablets and papyrus rolls made accessible to the tiny literate of the population. They were created to record the accomplishments and the transactions of the politically and economically powerful.

Q:

Library at Ebla 


A:
  • Contained more than 15,000 clay tablets consisting of government documents, gazetteers, and linguistic and religious reference works.
  • Syria

 

Q:

Nineveh


A:
  • Library
  • Assyrian king Ashurbanipal ordered scribes to gather tablets from private houses and temples for a palace collection that he put together in Nineveh. 
  • Its holdings – accessible only to the king and his scribes – reflected his interests.
  • Categorized by size and housed in labeled containers.
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Libraries

A:
  • Collecting
  • Preserving 
  • Maintaining 
  • Organizing
Q:

The Library in Asia

A:
  • The rise of Jainism and Buddhism around the sixth-century bc led to the evolution of a canon of religious writings that libraries were established to collect, preserve, and replicate.
  • Emperors in the Han dynasty (206 bc – ad 220) supported efforts to compile and collect Confucian writings and other texts, which were greatly expanded after the invention of paper and the use of block printing made it possible to accelerate rapidly the production of books. 
  • Followers of Confucius and Buddha carried their texts to other parts of Asia.
Q:

Three types of libraries developed during India’s ancient period (3000 bc – ad 1206)


A:
  • Attached to palaces and courts
  • Attached to centers of learning 
  • Attached to places of worship to places of worship
Q:

Monastic libraries


A:
  • Elaborate textual copying systems 
  • Preserved many of the classical manuscripts and Church writings
  • Monasteries were crucial to keeping book culture alive and in preserving and transmitting not only patristic texts but also the works of classical authors, which were utilized for the purpose of teaching Latin.
Q:

Universities

A:
  • Established in the twelfth century
  • Exposure to other cultures, because they were less religious and more secular than monastic libraries.
  • The libraries connected to them assumed larger responsibilities for collecting, preserving, and organizing information.
Q:

Muslim Cultures

A:
  • Translated Greek and Latin manuscripts into Arabic. 
  • Opened large libraries to members of the elite classes in population centers such as Baghdad and Cairo.
Q:

Johann Gutenberg



A:
  • Inventor of the printing press
The Library

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