IR at Leiden University

Flashcards and summaries for IR at the Leiden University

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course IR at the Leiden University

Exemplary flashcards for IR at the Leiden University on StudySmarter:

What is the view of postcolonialism on globalization?

Exemplary flashcards for IR at the Leiden University on StudySmarter:

What are historical origins of constructuvism?

Exemplary flashcards for IR at the Leiden University on StudySmarter:

What defines a state? 4 points
Where did this definition arise?
What are problems of this definition?
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What is the difference between nation, state and nation-state?

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What are I RELATIONS?

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What is the level of analysis?

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Which dates are the important benchmarks for IR?
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What is a failed state?

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1648

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What led to the rise of the West in the 19th century?

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What was an indicator for the rise of the rest?
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What is the def of sovereignty?

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Exemplary flashcards for IR at the Leiden University on StudySmarter:

IR

What is the view of postcolonialism on globalization?

Postcolonialism: important degree of continuity and persistence of colonial forms of power in the globalized world; focus on inequality on global scale

IR

What are historical origins of constructuvism?
R&L can't explain end of CW (was not expected)
--> criticism of fundamental assumptions of IR: Nature of the state, sovereignty, anarchy, rationality,
democracy, self-determination…

origins from philosophy and sociology --> human mind filters -->objective understanding of IR (Weber: Verstehen)--> structure (states and IOs) shape actions of states --> structure and agency

IR

What defines a state? 4 points
Where did this definition arise?
What are problems of this definition?
The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications:
a ) a permanent population;
b ) a defined territory;
c ) government;
d) and a capacity to enter into relations with the other states

--> According to international law (Art. 1, Montevideo convention on the
Rights and Duties of States, 1933)

- State must be recognized by other states/UN (declarative vs. consitutive)
- creation of state in practice (IS)
- internal vs. external sovereignty (authority is recognized within territory vs. recognized by other actors)

IR

What is the difference between nation, state and nation-state?
Nation: A nation is a stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, history, ethnicity, or psychological make-up manifested in a common culture. It is a cultural-political community that has become conscious of its autonomy, unity, and particular interests.

State: entities with well-defined territory and recognized political authority

Nation state: a nation state is a sovereign state of which most of its subjects are united also by factors which defined a nation such as language or common descent


IR

What are I RELATIONS?
Multi-/bilateral/transnational interactions between states or non-state actors

unilateral: action by a certain state that affects other states as well (e.g. migration problem)
bilateral: between 2 states
multilateral: between more states (collective)
transnational: non-state/sub-state actor involved in interaction

IR

What is the level of analysis?
1. International
2. National/domestic
3. Individual

IR

Which dates are the important benchmarks for IR?
1500: start of American-European trade
1648: Westphalian state system
1919: Treaty of Versailles, first chair of IR
1945: End of WW2
1989: End of CW

IR

What is a failed state?
Failed state, a state that is unable to perform the two fundamental functions of the sovereign nation-state in the modern world system:

- project authority over its territory and peoples
- cannot protect its national boundaries


-
-> unable to fulfill the administrative and organizational tasks required to control people and resources and can provide only minimal public services
--> citizens no longer believe that their government is legitimate, and the state becomes illegitimate in the eyes of the international community.

IR

1648
Ø Outcome of Thirty Years' War
Ø Important peace conference
Ø The historical origins of the modern sovereign state
Ø Break with medieval/feudal non-sovereign system
Ø Westphalian state system
Ø Domestic vs. international
Ø Foundations in theory and practice of contemporary IR

But really important for IR?
Euro-centrism? Hardly a universal principle…
• Example: similar changes in China, 770-221 BC
Ø China’s feudal period, warring states

IR

What led to the rise of the West in the 19th century?
- previous global networks: through trade access to resources, land and slave trade
- monopoly through industrialization and de-industrialization abroad
- evolution of the state
- technological changes
- imperialism and colonialism
- emergence of united international order (interdependence, IOs for standardization)
- exploitation abroad


IR

What was an indicator for the rise of the rest?
1905: war Japan and Russia: European state was beaten for the first time

IR

What is the def of sovereignty?
No supreme actor above sovereign state --> can control particular system within the state

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ID at

LMU München

IUI at

LMU München

F & I at

Hochschule Koblenz

IO at

Leiden University

IG at

Université Bordeaux I

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