IO at Leiden University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für IO an der Leiden University

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
How was the UN founded?

6 events
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- January 1942 (Washington): Allied Powers (26 countries) sign the Declaration by the UN.
- October 1943 (Moscow Declaration): US, USSR, UK and China declare the intention to establish a ‘general international organization’ when the war is over.
- November 1943 (Tehran): Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt: a ‘world family of democratic nations’.
- Dumberton Oaks Conference (August-October 1944): Negotiations among great powers (UK, US, USSR, China)--> Proposal of a General International Organization (9 October 1944)
- Yalta (February 1945): US, UK and USSR agree on voting procedure in the UNSC (veto rights).
- April 1945 (San Francisco Opera House): United Nations
Conference on International Organization


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
When was the first UN Conference?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1945
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are critical perspectives on the
foundation of the UN?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
an Alliance of the Great Powers embedded in a universal
organization --> Keep allied powers together at all means (veto powers,
permanent seats on SC)

Underestimation of UK empire
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Main caracteristics The Charter

2 Points
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1) Foundation of an IO: every other inter-state treaty is subordinate
2) Agreement on certain rules in international relations:
- Use of force
- Sovereign equality
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the 6 main organs of the UN?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1) General Assembly
2) Security Council
3) Secretariat
4) Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
5) International Court of Justice
6) Trusteeship Council (until 1994: de-colonization)
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Which is the plenary organ of the UN?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
GA
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are subsidary organs of the UN?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- Main committees
- Commissions (e.g. Peacebuilding commission)
- Councils (e.g. Human Rights Council)
- Joint Inspection Unit
- United Nations Dispute Tribunal
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Who meets in the annually GA?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
All states' leaders
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the Uniting for Peace resolution?

Origin
Rule
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Origins: dispute between the Soviet Union (veto) and other SC members about China in 1950.

UN GA adopted resolution 377(1950): If UN SC fails to reach unanimity,
- the UN GA shall consider the matter immediately --> emergency special session within 24 h
- the UN GA may establish a peace operation
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
How does the decision-making in UN GA work?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Important issues: 2/3 majority
(peace and security, election of members of the UNSC, ECOSOC and the Trusteeship Council, acceptance of new members, suspension of membership, and budgetary issues)

Other issues: simple majority
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Are UN GA decisions legally binding?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
No, they are just recommendations
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Why did the League of Nations fail?

5 Points
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1. Failure to solve conflicts (no collective defense)
2. Predominance of national interests (Loss of credibility, states left IO)
3. Economic nationalism
4. Easy membership withdrawl
5. Balance-of-power-theory (peace through disarmament)
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Q:
How was the UN founded?

6 events
A:
- January 1942 (Washington): Allied Powers (26 countries) sign the Declaration by the UN.
- October 1943 (Moscow Declaration): US, USSR, UK and China declare the intention to establish a ‘general international organization’ when the war is over.
- November 1943 (Tehran): Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt: a ‘world family of democratic nations’.
- Dumberton Oaks Conference (August-October 1944): Negotiations among great powers (UK, US, USSR, China)--> Proposal of a General International Organization (9 October 1944)
- Yalta (February 1945): US, UK and USSR agree on voting procedure in the UNSC (veto rights).
- April 1945 (San Francisco Opera House): United Nations
Conference on International Organization


Q:
When was the first UN Conference?
A:
1945
Q:
What are critical perspectives on the
foundation of the UN?
A:
an Alliance of the Great Powers embedded in a universal
organization --> Keep allied powers together at all means (veto powers,
permanent seats on SC)

Underestimation of UK empire
Q:
Main caracteristics The Charter

2 Points
A:
1) Foundation of an IO: every other inter-state treaty is subordinate
2) Agreement on certain rules in international relations:
- Use of force
- Sovereign equality
Q:
What are the 6 main organs of the UN?
A:
1) General Assembly
2) Security Council
3) Secretariat
4) Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
5) International Court of Justice
6) Trusteeship Council (until 1994: de-colonization)
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
Which is the plenary organ of the UN?
A:
GA
Q:
What are subsidary organs of the UN?
A:
- Main committees
- Commissions (e.g. Peacebuilding commission)
- Councils (e.g. Human Rights Council)
- Joint Inspection Unit
- United Nations Dispute Tribunal
Q:
Who meets in the annually GA?
A:
All states' leaders
Q:
What is the Uniting for Peace resolution?

Origin
Rule
A:
Origins: dispute between the Soviet Union (veto) and other SC members about China in 1950.

UN GA adopted resolution 377(1950): If UN SC fails to reach unanimity,
- the UN GA shall consider the matter immediately --> emergency special session within 24 h
- the UN GA may establish a peace operation
Q:
How does the decision-making in UN GA work?
A:
Important issues: 2/3 majority
(peace and security, election of members of the UNSC, ECOSOC and the Trusteeship Council, acceptance of new members, suspension of membership, and budgetary issues)

Other issues: simple majority
Q:
Are UN GA decisions legally binding?
A:
No, they are just recommendations
Q:
Why did the League of Nations fail?

5 Points
A:
1. Failure to solve conflicts (no collective defense)
2. Predominance of national interests (Loss of credibility, states left IO)
3. Economic nationalism
4. Easy membership withdrawl
5. Balance-of-power-theory (peace through disarmament)
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