Select your language

Suggested languages for you:
Log In Start studying!

Lernmaterialien für Introduction to Psychology an der Leiden University

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Introduction to Psychology Kurs an der Leiden University zu.

TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Who founded the first university-based psychology laboratory?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Willhelm Wundt in Leipzig

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What was Descartes view on the body & mind dualism?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

For him most of the human behaviors were cause by the body. This was a huge contrast to the church doctrine at time whose focus was on the soul, which is not examinable. Descartes though that the behavior that is only relevant to humans is though. So thought must be caused by a soul. He made the behavior "reachable" for scientist.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the main idea of the theory of reflexology?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Every human action is merely a complex reflex triggered by a outside stimulus.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the main idea of the theory of localization?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

That you can divide the brain into certain areas with specific responsibilities in terms of behavior and mental experience. 

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What was Hobbes view on the dualism?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

He was a monist. For him only matter and energy existed. A soul for him is meaningless. The body is just a very complex machine.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How did the British empiricists and Locke see the mind?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

They saw the child's brain as a blank slate or a tabula rasa. A brain only learns through the influence of the environment. 

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What does the law of association by contiguity state?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Contiguity is a synonym to closeness. To associate by this means that if a human has two sensations or stimuli from the outside world at the same time or close together the person will learn that the sensations occur together. E.g. Apple -> color, taste, shape

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the overjustification effect?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

If someone is early on rewarded for something even though he/she might do it anyways for fun/play, he/she will see it as work. He/She will stop doing it if the reward is missing

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How does Nativism differ from Empiricism?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

The opinion of a Nativist would be that humans in fact do know something from the start. The know how to learn and process their sensory information.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What do scientist criticize on Descartes theory?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

They find the interaction between an willful soul and the body not feasible. How can something immaterial have a material effect. Also they disliked the idea that the soul cannot be studied by them.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is shaping?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

It's the training of complex behavior by rewarding successive steps in that behavior.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How is food aversion different to other fears?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

It's a strong form of classical conditioning, the response is present event after only one exposure. Also it's very resistant to extinction.

Lösung ausblenden
  • 3990 Karteikarten
  • 162 Studierende
  • 7 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Introduction to Psychology Kurs an der Leiden University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Who founded the first university-based psychology laboratory?

A:

Willhelm Wundt in Leipzig

Q:

What was Descartes view on the body & mind dualism?

A:

For him most of the human behaviors were cause by the body. This was a huge contrast to the church doctrine at time whose focus was on the soul, which is not examinable. Descartes though that the behavior that is only relevant to humans is though. So thought must be caused by a soul. He made the behavior "reachable" for scientist.

Q:

What is the main idea of the theory of reflexology?

A:

Every human action is merely a complex reflex triggered by a outside stimulus.

Q:

What is the main idea of the theory of localization?

A:

That you can divide the brain into certain areas with specific responsibilities in terms of behavior and mental experience. 

Q:

What was Hobbes view on the dualism?

A:

He was a monist. For him only matter and energy existed. A soul for him is meaningless. The body is just a very complex machine.

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

How did the British empiricists and Locke see the mind?

A:

They saw the child's brain as a blank slate or a tabula rasa. A brain only learns through the influence of the environment. 

Q:

What does the law of association by contiguity state?

A:

Contiguity is a synonym to closeness. To associate by this means that if a human has two sensations or stimuli from the outside world at the same time or close together the person will learn that the sensations occur together. E.g. Apple -> color, taste, shape

Q:

What is the overjustification effect?

A:

If someone is early on rewarded for something even though he/she might do it anyways for fun/play, he/she will see it as work. He/She will stop doing it if the reward is missing

Q:

How does Nativism differ from Empiricism?

A:

The opinion of a Nativist would be that humans in fact do know something from the start. The know how to learn and process their sensory information.

Q:

What do scientist criticize on Descartes theory?

A:

They find the interaction between an willful soul and the body not feasible. How can something immaterial have a material effect. Also they disliked the idea that the soul cannot be studied by them.

Q:

What is shaping?

A:

It's the training of complex behavior by rewarding successive steps in that behavior.

Q:

How is food aversion different to other fears?

A:

It's a strong form of classical conditioning, the response is present event after only one exposure. Also it's very resistant to extinction.

Introduction to Psychology

Erstelle und finde Lernmaterialien auf StudySmarter.

Greife kostenlos auf tausende geteilte Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Altklausuren und mehr zu.

Jetzt loslegen

Das sind die beliebtesten Introduction to Psychology Kurse im gesamten StudySmarter Universum

General Introduction to Psychology

Radboud University

Zum Kurs
Introductory Psychology

University of Amsterdam

Zum Kurs
Introduction to Psychlogy

Leiden University

Zum Kurs
Intro to Psychology

Sunway University College

Zum Kurs
Introduction to Psychology

Open University of Sri Lanka

Zum Kurs

Die all-in-one Lernapp für Studierende

Greife auf Millionen geteilter Lernmaterialien der StudySmarter Community zu
Kostenlos anmelden Introduction to Psychology
Erstelle Karteikarten und Zusammenfassungen mit den StudySmarter Tools
Kostenlos loslegen Introduction to Psychology