Project Planning at Leibniz Universität Hannover | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Project Planning an der Leibniz Universität Hannover

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What can be loan principles of  actual development assistance?

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  • grants: transfer made in cash, goods or services for which o repayment is required
  • loans: trasnfer for which repayment is required (maturity > 1 year, grante element at least 25%)
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

what are the types of the development assistance? describe them briefly

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1. financial assistance:

  • soft loans (granted to developing country government to finance public or public-private projects)
  • usually carried through assistance of internaitonal consulting company who works with national public and private agencies


2. technical assistance

  • goods/ services are delivered in context of defined development proejct
  • usually carried out by expatriate and national project co-ordinator
  • goods/services non-repayable but counterpart budget
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What is Development Assistance? 

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net official development assistance = net official aid: 

actual international transfer by donor of financial resources or goods or services valued at cost to donor, less any repayments of loan principal during same period

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

name 3 characteristics of a development project

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project is:

  1. small operational element in national development plan
  2. used as time clice of a long-term programme for a region/ commodity/ function
  3. unique activity, different from preceding (vorangegangenen) and succeeding activites


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

what is covered by the analysis ob objectives/strategies, feasibility study and preparation of a project plan?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • analysis ob objectives: objective tree similar to problem tree
  • analyze existing situation, investigate relevance, identify obectives and strategies (verfiable indicators!)
  • project purpose - outputs - activities
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

why are development projects important? Name 3 points

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • projects = the cutting edge of development, quality is important for aid effectiveness
  • project = investents in which financial resources are expected to create capital assets that produce benefits over an extended period of time
  • project = intervention into development process  
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Name the 4 main steps of the stkeholder analysis

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(part of the preparation)

  1. identify the general development problem/ opportunity 
  2. identify those groups who have significant interest in the project
  3. investigate their respective roles, different interests, relative power and capacity to participate 
  4. identify extent of cooperation or conflict btw. steakholders
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

what are the main parts of the preparation within the project cycle?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • stakeholder analysis
  • problem analysis
  • analysis of objectives
  • analysis of strategies
  • pre-feasibility study  (Durchführbarkeitsanalyse im Vorfeld)
  • feasibility study (including economic analysis)
  • preparing a project plan 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are the steps of a project cycle for development projects?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  1. preparation
  2. appraisal (bewertung)
  3. implementation
  4. evaluation 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

name the 3 main steps in the problem analysis

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

(part of preparation)

  1. definition of framework and subject of analysis
  2. identification of major problems faced by target groups and beneficiaries
  3. visualisation of the problems in a problem tree

problem tree visualizes cause and effect relations with starter problems below (problem causes, core problem, consequences)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

what should a development project have?

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  1. specific group of benefits and beneficiaries (target group)
  2. administrative structure, set of accounts, specifically defined financial package
  3. well defined sequence of investment and production activites
  4. monitoring and evaluation system 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

what is a development proejct?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

specific activity aimed at bringing about clearly specified objectives within a specific geographic location, defined time-period and budget

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Q:

What can be loan principles of  actual development assistance?

A:
  • grants: transfer made in cash, goods or services for which o repayment is required
  • loans: trasnfer for which repayment is required (maturity > 1 year, grante element at least 25%)
Q:

what are the types of the development assistance? describe them briefly

A:

1. financial assistance:

  • soft loans (granted to developing country government to finance public or public-private projects)
  • usually carried through assistance of internaitonal consulting company who works with national public and private agencies


2. technical assistance

  • goods/ services are delivered in context of defined development proejct
  • usually carried out by expatriate and national project co-ordinator
  • goods/services non-repayable but counterpart budget
Q:

What is Development Assistance? 

A:

net official development assistance = net official aid: 

actual international transfer by donor of financial resources or goods or services valued at cost to donor, less any repayments of loan principal during same period

Q:

name 3 characteristics of a development project

A:

project is:

  1. small operational element in national development plan
  2. used as time clice of a long-term programme for a region/ commodity/ function
  3. unique activity, different from preceding (vorangegangenen) and succeeding activites


Q:

what is covered by the analysis ob objectives/strategies, feasibility study and preparation of a project plan?

A:
  • analysis ob objectives: objective tree similar to problem tree
  • analyze existing situation, investigate relevance, identify obectives and strategies (verfiable indicators!)
  • project purpose - outputs - activities
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

why are development projects important? Name 3 points

A:
  • projects = the cutting edge of development, quality is important for aid effectiveness
  • project = investents in which financial resources are expected to create capital assets that produce benefits over an extended period of time
  • project = intervention into development process  
Q:

Name the 4 main steps of the stkeholder analysis

A:

(part of the preparation)

  1. identify the general development problem/ opportunity 
  2. identify those groups who have significant interest in the project
  3. investigate their respective roles, different interests, relative power and capacity to participate 
  4. identify extent of cooperation or conflict btw. steakholders
Q:

what are the main parts of the preparation within the project cycle?

A:
  • stakeholder analysis
  • problem analysis
  • analysis of objectives
  • analysis of strategies
  • pre-feasibility study  (Durchführbarkeitsanalyse im Vorfeld)
  • feasibility study (including economic analysis)
  • preparing a project plan 
Q:

What are the steps of a project cycle for development projects?

A:
  1. preparation
  2. appraisal (bewertung)
  3. implementation
  4. evaluation 
Q:

name the 3 main steps in the problem analysis

A:

(part of preparation)

  1. definition of framework and subject of analysis
  2. identification of major problems faced by target groups and beneficiaries
  3. visualisation of the problems in a problem tree

problem tree visualizes cause and effect relations with starter problems below (problem causes, core problem, consequences)

Q:

what should a development project have?

A:
  1. specific group of benefits and beneficiaries (target group)
  2. administrative structure, set of accounts, specifically defined financial package
  3. well defined sequence of investment and production activites
  4. monitoring and evaluation system 
Q:

what is a development proejct?

A:

specific activity aimed at bringing about clearly specified objectives within a specific geographic location, defined time-period and budget

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