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Lernmaterialien für Englisch an der Kirchliche Pädagogische Hochschule Wien/Krems

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Englisch Kurs an der Kirchliche Pädagogische Hochschule Wien/Krems zu.

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What is scientific Theory?

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a well - substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world; it is an organized system of accepted knowledge that applies a variety of circumstances to explain a specific set of phenomena; theories can incorporate fact and laws and tested hypotheses 

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4 different theories of language acquisition?

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Behaviorism

  • children imitate adults. Their correct utterances are reinforced when they get what they want or are praised.
  • Skinner

Innateness

  • A child's brain contains special language - learning mechanism at birth.
  • Chomsky 

Cognitive 

  • Language is just one aspect of a child's overall intellectual development.
  • Piaget

Interaction 

  • This theory emphasizes the interaction between children and their caregivers.
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Is there a universally accepted theory as the explanation for first or second language development that explains all aspects of language development?

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No, there is no theory of language development which is universally accepted. We shall consider each of these in turn. Several theories explain the process where children learn to understand and speak a language. They should not seen as conflicting theories. All of them added something to our overall understanding

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What is LAD? Who coined that phrase? Associated with which theory?

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  • Language Acquisition Device
  • Noam Chomsky 
  • Innateness - Theory

Humans have a black box for learning in their minds. 

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What is ZPD? Who coined that phrase? Associated with which theory?

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  • Zone of proximal development
  • Vygotsky 
  • social - interaction - theory

The zone of proximal development explain the fact that children can do much more with the help of someone more knowledgeable or skilled than themselves than they can do alone. This highlight the importance of social interaction and learning from working with others.

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What is positive reinforcement? Who coined that phrase? Associated with which theory?

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  • Positive reinforcement means that a correct learning behavior gets rewarded by praise.
  • Skinner 
  • Behaviorism - theory
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What is object permanence? Who coined that phrase? Associated with which theory?

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  • Children know that objects have an existence independently of their perception. 
  • Jean Paiget
  • cognitive - theory
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Morphology?

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structure of word, word structure


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Syntax?

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ways how words are combined, word combination 


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Semantics?

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meaning of words and sentences, word meaning 


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Pragmatics?

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anything relating to the way how people communicate which can't be captured by conventional linguistic analysis 

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Phonetics?

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speech sounds

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  • 2352 Karteikarten
  • 177 Studierende
  • 24 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Englisch Kurs an der Kirchliche Pädagogische Hochschule Wien/Krems - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What is scientific Theory?

A:

a well - substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world; it is an organized system of accepted knowledge that applies a variety of circumstances to explain a specific set of phenomena; theories can incorporate fact and laws and tested hypotheses 

Q:

4 different theories of language acquisition?

A:

Behaviorism

  • children imitate adults. Their correct utterances are reinforced when they get what they want or are praised.
  • Skinner

Innateness

  • A child's brain contains special language - learning mechanism at birth.
  • Chomsky 

Cognitive 

  • Language is just one aspect of a child's overall intellectual development.
  • Piaget

Interaction 

  • This theory emphasizes the interaction between children and their caregivers.
Q:

Is there a universally accepted theory as the explanation for first or second language development that explains all aspects of language development?

A:

No, there is no theory of language development which is universally accepted. We shall consider each of these in turn. Several theories explain the process where children learn to understand and speak a language. They should not seen as conflicting theories. All of them added something to our overall understanding

Q:

What is LAD? Who coined that phrase? Associated with which theory?

A:
  • Language Acquisition Device
  • Noam Chomsky 
  • Innateness - Theory

Humans have a black box for learning in their minds. 

Q:

What is ZPD? Who coined that phrase? Associated with which theory?

A:
  • Zone of proximal development
  • Vygotsky 
  • social - interaction - theory

The zone of proximal development explain the fact that children can do much more with the help of someone more knowledgeable or skilled than themselves than they can do alone. This highlight the importance of social interaction and learning from working with others.

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What is positive reinforcement? Who coined that phrase? Associated with which theory?

A:
  • Positive reinforcement means that a correct learning behavior gets rewarded by praise.
  • Skinner 
  • Behaviorism - theory
Q:

What is object permanence? Who coined that phrase? Associated with which theory?

A:
  • Children know that objects have an existence independently of their perception. 
  • Jean Paiget
  • cognitive - theory
Q:

Morphology?

A:

structure of word, word structure


Q:

Syntax?

A:

ways how words are combined, word combination 


Q:

Semantics?

A:

meaning of words and sentences, word meaning 


Q:

Pragmatics?

A:

anything relating to the way how people communicate which can't be captured by conventional linguistic analysis 

Q:

Phonetics?

A:

speech sounds

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