Nuclear Physics at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven | Flashcards & Summaries

# Lernmaterialien für Nuclear Physics an der Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

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How do you call nuclides with the same Z but different N?

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Isotopes

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What is the mass of a proton compared to the mass of an electron?

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p = 2000x e

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How do you call nuclides with the same N but different Z?

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Isotones

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How do you call nuclides with the same A?

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Isobars

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How much is one fermi?

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10^-15

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what is the value of the proportionality constant R_0?
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2.3fm
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What is the value of the skin thickness, t ?
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1.23fm
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What is the meaning of Z, the atomic number?

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The amount of protons and electrons an element contains.

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What are properties that break down for unstable nuclei?

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1. Radius of isobars are not constant: same amount of nucleons, but different radii.

2. Radius of neutron distribution because bigger

3. Skin thickness is not constant: halo nucleii

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How is the unified atomic mass unit defined?

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As the the mass of an atom of C-12 divided by 12, so that the mass of C-12 is exactly 12u and the mass of each nucleon roughly 1u.

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What are all the ways to measure the proportionality constant R_0 for the nuclear charge density?

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1. electron scattering

2. atomic transitions

3. isotope shifts for optical radiations

4. measurement of the coulomb energy differences

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What is the meaning of A, the atomic mass?

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the integer nearest to the ratio between the

nuclear mass and the fundamental mass unit, defined so that the proton has a

mass of nearly one unit

Lösung ausblenden
• 2528 Karteikarten
• 161 Studierende
• 1 Lernmaterialien

## Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Nuclear Physics Kurs an der Katholieke Universiteit Leuven - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

How do you call nuclides with the same Z but different N?

A:

Isotopes

Q:

What is the mass of a proton compared to the mass of an electron?

A:

p = 2000x e

Q:

How do you call nuclides with the same N but different Z?

A:

Isotones

Q:

How do you call nuclides with the same A?

A:

Isobars

Q:

How much is one fermi?

A:

10^-15

Q:
what is the value of the proportionality constant R_0?
A:
2.3fm
Q:
What is the value of the skin thickness, t ?
A:
1.23fm
Q:

What is the meaning of Z, the atomic number?

A:

The amount of protons and electrons an element contains.

Q:

What are properties that break down for unstable nuclei?

A:

1. Radius of isobars are not constant: same amount of nucleons, but different radii.

2. Radius of neutron distribution because bigger

3. Skin thickness is not constant: halo nucleii

Q:

How is the unified atomic mass unit defined?

A:

As the the mass of an atom of C-12 divided by 12, so that the mass of C-12 is exactly 12u and the mass of each nucleon roughly 1u.

Q:

What are all the ways to measure the proportionality constant R_0 for the nuclear charge density?

A:

1. electron scattering

2. atomic transitions

3. isotope shifts for optical radiations

4. measurement of the coulomb energy differences

Q:

What is the meaning of A, the atomic mass?

A:

the integer nearest to the ratio between the

nuclear mass and the fundamental mass unit, defined so that the proton has a

mass of nearly one unit

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