OR in SCM at Karlsruher Institut für Technologie

Flashcards and summaries for OR in SCM at the Karlsruher Institut für Technologie

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Exemplary flashcards for OR in SCM at the Karlsruher Institut für Technologie on StudySmarter:

Definition supply chain

Exemplary flashcards for OR in SCM at the Karlsruher Institut für Technologie on StudySmarter:

The elementary form of a supply chain

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Defintion Processes

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defintion stock points

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Structure of supply chain elements

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Definition Supply Chain Management

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Characteristics of SCM

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Difference of SCM to logistics

Exemplary flashcards for OR in SCM at the Karlsruher Institut für Technologie on StudySmarter:

Difficulties in SCM

Exemplary flashcards for OR in SCM at the Karlsruher Institut für Technologie on StudySmarter:

classical supply chain dimensions

Exemplary flashcards for OR in SCM at the Karlsruher Institut für Technologie on StudySmarter:

Functional dimension of SCM

Exemplary flashcards for OR in SCM at the Karlsruher Institut für Technologie on StudySmarter:

time dimension of SCM --> strategic level

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Exemplary flashcards for OR in SCM at the Karlsruher Institut für Technologie on StudySmarter:

OR in SCM

Definition supply chain

A supply chain is a network of facilities that performs a set of operations

  • acquisition of raw materials
  • transformation of these materials into intermediate and finished products
  • distribution of the finished goods to customers to satisfy demand

OR in SCM

The elementary form of a supply chain

A goal oriented network of processes and stock points used to deliver goods and services to customers


network: various paths

goal oriented: support business activities

OR in SCM

Defintion Processes

processes represent individual activities involved in producing and distributing goods and services


OR in SCM

defintion stock points

represent locations where inventories are held

OR in SCM

Structure of supply chain elements

two basic elements of an elementary supply chain (processes and stock points) can be configured into systems of varying size and complexity

  • at lowest level: single process fed by asingle stockpoint as a station (one or more server)
  • next level in size and complexity: line, which is a sequence of stations (generate a product or service)
  • highest level and most complex: network, which involves multiple lines (multiple products/services)

OR in SCM

Definition Supply Chain Management

It is a decision making process that
aims at optimizing overall supply chain performance


  • SCM is a set of approaches utilized to efficiently integrate 
  • suppliers, manufactures, warehouses... 
  • so that merchandise is produced and ditributed 
  • in order to minimize systemwide costs 
  • or maximize total profit 
  • while satisfying service level requirements

OR in SCM

Characteristics of SCM

  • takes into account every facility
  • objective of SCM is to be efficient and cost-effective across the entire system
  • SCM encompasses the firms activities at many levels

OR in SCM

Difference of SCM to logistics

  • more global and broader view
  • cooperations, collaborations, outsourcing and contracts
  • materials program and supplier selectin
  • customer involvements

OR in SCM

Difficulties in SCM

  • uncertaintyy: demand can never be forecassted exactly
  • very complex network of facilities dispersed over a large geographical area
  • different facilities have different conflicting objective
  • supply chain is a dynamic system that evolves over time

OR in SCM

classical supply chain dimensions

--> structure the complex planning processes in a supply chain in a hierachical manner


  • functional dimension (supply chain process)
    • procuremnet, production, distribution, sales
  • time dimension (planning horizon)
    • long term strategic
    • mid term tactical
    • short term operational

OR in SCM

Functional dimension of SCM

  • procurement
    • provide resources necessary for production
  • production
    • determinaation of production locations, times and quantities
  • distribution
    • choice of transport routes
  • sales
    • planning processes concerned with customer order and demand forecast

OR in SCM

time dimension of SCM --> strategic level

  • deals with high capital cost decisions that have a long-range scope and a long-lasting effect
  • data is aggregated, based on forecasts, often incomplete or imprecise
  • strategic decisions focus on th development of objectives
    • where to locate facilities
    • how many new facilities
    • which suppliers should be used
    • ...

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