Embedded Systems Computer Architecture at Karlsruher Institut für Technologie

Flashcards and summaries for Embedded Systems Computer Architecture at the Karlsruher Institut für Technologie

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Embedded Systems Computer Architecture at the Karlsruher Institut für Technologie

Exemplary flashcards for Embedded Systems Computer Architecture at the Karlsruher Institut für Technologie on StudySmarter:

Embedded System

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Processor requirements for embedded

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Hardware/Software Co-Design

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Computer Architecture

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Control Unit

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Memory unit

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Arithmetic Unit (ALU)

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Von Neumann Cycle

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Von Neumann Architecture

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Harvard Architecture

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Flynn‘s taxonomy

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RISC vs CISC

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Exemplary flashcards for Embedded Systems Computer Architecture at the Karlsruher Institut für Technologie on StudySmarter:

Embedded Systems Computer Architecture

Embedded System

  • Largely invisible to the user
  • May not have an OS

Embedded Systems Computer Architecture

Processor requirements for embedded

  • Low power consumption
  • Scalability
  • Integrated I/O

Embedded Systems Computer Architecture

Hardware/Software Co-Design

Type 1: Logical border - Software is executed on custom hardware

Type 2: Physical border - Software is executed on standard hardware and communicates with ASIC


Combincations common and possible

Embedded Systems Computer Architecture

Computer Architecture

Software - Instruction Set Architecture (ISA) - Hardware


Hardware can change without SW needing to change.

Embedded Systems Computer Architecture

Control Unit

  • Coordination of components
  • Supply addresses
  • Select operands

Embedded Systems Computer Architecture

Memory unit

Registers storing data

Embedded Systems Computer Architecture

Arithmetic Unit (ALU)

Processing of data

Embedded Systems Computer Architecture

Von Neumann Cycle

  • Fetch instructions from memory
  • Decode instruction in control unit
  • Fetch operands from memory
  • Execute instructions in ALU
  • Write back result to memory

Embedded Systems Computer Architecture

Von Neumann Architecture

Single data & instruction bus

Embedded Systems Computer Architecture

Harvard Architecture

Separate instruction and data bus (mainly used today)

Embedded Systems Computer Architecture

Flynn‘s taxonomy

  • Single instruction single data (Harvard)
  • Single instruction multiple data (GPU)
  • Multiple instruction single data (mist)
  • Multiple instruction multiple data (multi core)

Embedded Systems Computer Architecture

RISC vs CISC

ALU only from registers vs ALU from memory

Few clock cycles vs complex instructions

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