Organic Chemistry at Hochschule Rhein-Waal

Flashcards and summaries for Organic Chemistry at the Hochschule Rhein-Waal

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Organic Chemistry at the Hochschule Rhein-Waal

Exemplary flashcards for Organic Chemistry at the Hochschule Rhein-Waal on StudySmarter:

Primary-, secondary-, tertiary-, quaternary- carbon 

Exemplary flashcards for Organic Chemistry at the Hochschule Rhein-Waal on StudySmarter:

nucleophilic substitution reaction 

Exemplary flashcards for Organic Chemistry at the Hochschule Rhein-Waal on StudySmarter:

stereogenic center 
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Exemplary flashcards for Organic Chemistry at the Hochschule Rhein-Waal on StudySmarter:

nucleophile in a nucleophilic substitution 

Exemplary flashcards for Organic Chemistry at the Hochschule Rhein-Waal on StudySmarter:

antioxidants 

Exemplary flashcards for Organic Chemistry at the Hochschule Rhein-Waal on StudySmarter:

radical stability 

Exemplary flashcards for Organic Chemistry at the Hochschule Rhein-Waal on StudySmarter:

Constitutional Isomers 

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Exemplary flashcards for Organic Chemistry at the Hochschule Rhein-Waal on StudySmarter:

leaving group 

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SN2 reaction rate

Exemplary flashcards for Organic Chemistry at the Hochschule Rhein-Waal on StudySmarter:

Hybridization            

Exemplary flashcards for Organic Chemistry at the Hochschule Rhein-Waal on StudySmarter:

Homologous series of n-alkenes

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Exemplary flashcards for Organic Chemistry at the Hochschule Rhein-Waal on StudySmarter:

Nomenclature of alkanes 

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Exemplary flashcards for Organic Chemistry at the Hochschule Rhein-Waal on StudySmarter:

Organic Chemistry

Primary-, secondary-, tertiary-, quaternary- carbon 

Carbon attached to one, two, three, four other carbons

Organic Chemistry

nucleophilic substitution reaction 
sp3 hybridized atoms
diplacement of one functional group, atom or ion (the leaving group) by another. 

Organic Chemistry

stereogenic center 
an atom that is bonded to different atoms of functional groups
carbon is a tetrahedral sterogenic center if bound to 4 different atoms or functional groups
molecules with a stergenic center are chiral 

Organic Chemistry

nucleophile in a nucleophilic substitution 
the nucleophilic must contain at least one unshared pair of electrons and must either be neutral or negatively charged. In a substitution reaction the nucleophile displaces the leaving group, which is bonded to the substrate molecule. 

Organic Chemistry

antioxidants 
are compounds that stop oxidation from occurring
prevent radical reactions by reading with the radical and breaking the radical chain mechanism 

Organic Chemistry

radical stability 
free radicals do not have a formal charge but are reactive intermediates because of an incomplete octet

Organic Chemistry

Constitutional Isomers 

Two different compounds with the same molecular formula. Differ in the way the atoms are connected. 

Organic Chemistry

leaving group 
the atom, ion or functional group that is substituted, is called the leaving group. For a substitution reaction to be successful, the substrate must bear a good leaving group.

Organic Chemistry

SN2 reaction rate
rate = Kobs*[substrate]*[nucleophile]

Organic Chemistry

Hybridization            

Is the combination of two or more atomic orbitals to form the same number of hybrid orbitals, each having the same shape and energy. 

Organic Chemistry

Homologous series of n-alkenes

At 24°C: C1-C4gaseous; C5-C17liquid; C18solid 

Organic Chemistry

Nomenclature of alkanes 

1.Unbranched alkanes are named according to the number of carbon atoms. If branched, find and name the longest continuous carbon chain. If two chains are equal in length, choose the one with the most substituents. 

2.Number the atoms in the carbon chain in a way that the first substituent has the lowest number. Each substituent needs its own number. 

Name the substituents as alkyl groups. IF two or more identical substituents are bonded to the longest chain, use the prefixes to indicate how many. Cite substituents in alphabetical order regardless of location. 

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