Interkulturelle Psychologie at Hochschule Hamm-Lippstadt | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Interkulturelle Psychologie an der Hochschule Hamm-Lippstadt

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The approach used in cross-cultural studies of depression, schizophrenia, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be characterized as _____, that is, it assumes universally accepted definitions of abnormality and methodology.

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etic

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_____, a component of the five-factor model, refers to the tendency to experience negative emotions, vulnerability to stress, and emotional stability.

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Extraversion 

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According to MacDonald (1991, 1998), an evolutionary approach suggests a _____ model in which behavior related to personality occurs at several levels based ultimately on the motivating aspects of evolved personality systems.

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hierarchical

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In the context of control across cultures, people in _____ pretend as if they are not acting as an agent even though in reality they are doing so.

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proxy control 

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Markus & Kitayama (1998) and Shweder & Bourne (1984) argue that the research supporting universality of personality and its possible biological substrates may be contaminated by the methods used.

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True

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Which of the following is a difference between the five-factor model (FFM) and the five-factor theory (FFT)?

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The FFM is a model about the sources of culture-specific traits, whereas the FFT is a theory of five dimensions of personality that are culture-specific. 

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The _____ approach tends to see personality as an etic or universal phenomenon that is equivalently relevant and meaningful in the cultures being compared.

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cross-cultural

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According to Yamaguchi (2001), which of the following statements is true of proxy control?

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It is a form of control that can be used when personal control, either direct or indirect, is not available or inappropriate.

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Which of the following statements is true of people with an external locus of control?

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They see their behavior and relationships with the environment and others as contingent on forces outside themselves and beyond their control.

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In the context of the five-factor model, _____ refers to the degree to which an individual experiences positive emotions, and is outgoing, expressive, and sociable or shy, introverted, and avoids contact.

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conscientiousness 

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The _____ view of personality attributes more importance to the learning of psychological mechanisms and personality in the environment through cultural practices than to biological or evolutionary factors.

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psychological anthropological 

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Which of the following statements is true of the hierarchical model of motivation?

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It concerns the maintenance and stability of social hierarchies, and suggests that cultural ideologies, values, attitudes, and worldviews provide the justification for intergroup behaviors such as discrimination and prejudice. 

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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Interkulturelle Psychologie Kurs an der Hochschule Hamm-Lippstadt - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

The approach used in cross-cultural studies of depression, schizophrenia, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be characterized as _____, that is, it assumes universally accepted definitions of abnormality and methodology.

A:

etic

Q:

_____, a component of the five-factor model, refers to the tendency to experience negative emotions, vulnerability to stress, and emotional stability.

A:

Extraversion 

Q:

According to MacDonald (1991, 1998), an evolutionary approach suggests a _____ model in which behavior related to personality occurs at several levels based ultimately on the motivating aspects of evolved personality systems.

A:

hierarchical

Q:

In the context of control across cultures, people in _____ pretend as if they are not acting as an agent even though in reality they are doing so.

A:

proxy control 

Q:

Markus & Kitayama (1998) and Shweder & Bourne (1984) argue that the research supporting universality of personality and its possible biological substrates may be contaminated by the methods used.

A:

True

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Q:

Which of the following is a difference between the five-factor model (FFM) and the five-factor theory (FFT)?

A:

The FFM is a model about the sources of culture-specific traits, whereas the FFT is a theory of five dimensions of personality that are culture-specific. 

Q:

The _____ approach tends to see personality as an etic or universal phenomenon that is equivalently relevant and meaningful in the cultures being compared.

A:

cross-cultural

Q:

According to Yamaguchi (2001), which of the following statements is true of proxy control?

A:

It is a form of control that can be used when personal control, either direct or indirect, is not available or inappropriate.

Q:

Which of the following statements is true of people with an external locus of control?

A:

They see their behavior and relationships with the environment and others as contingent on forces outside themselves and beyond their control.

Q:

In the context of the five-factor model, _____ refers to the degree to which an individual experiences positive emotions, and is outgoing, expressive, and sociable or shy, introverted, and avoids contact.

A:

conscientiousness 

Q:

The _____ view of personality attributes more importance to the learning of psychological mechanisms and personality in the environment through cultural practices than to biological or evolutionary factors.

A:

psychological anthropological 

Q:

Which of the following statements is true of the hierarchical model of motivation?

A:

It concerns the maintenance and stability of social hierarchies, and suggests that cultural ideologies, values, attitudes, and worldviews provide the justification for intergroup behaviors such as discrimination and prejudice. 

Interkulturelle Psychologie

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