mol gen at Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg

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Exemplary flashcards for mol gen at the Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg on StudySmarter:

DNA and RNA are made up of?

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Difference between DNA and RNA sugar? 

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Where does the base bind to at the sugar?

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Where does the phosphate bind to at the sugar? 

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Which four bases does exist? 

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Which two bases belong to the group of purines?

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Which two bases belong to the types of pyrimidines? 

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What is the difference between thymine and uracil? 

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Nucleoside 

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Nucleotide 

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Functions of nucleic acids in cell activity 

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Role of ATP 

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Exemplary flashcards for mol gen at the Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg on StudySmarter:

mol gen

DNA and RNA are made up of?
  • Base
  • Scaffold = sugar 
  • Connector 

mol gen

Difference between DNA and RNA sugar? 
Deoxyribose has no oh group at 2 prime end 

mol gen

Where does the base bind to at the sugar?
The base binds to the 1 prime end 

mol gen

Where does the phosphate bind to at the sugar? 
The phosphate binds at the 3 prime and 5 prime end 

mol gen

Which four bases does exist? 
  • Adenine 
  • Guanine 
  • Thymine 
  • Cytosine 

mol gen

Which two bases belong to the group of purines?
Adenine and guanine 

mol gen

Which two bases belong to the types of pyrimidines? 
Thymine and cytosine 

mol gen

What is the difference between thymine and uracil? 
Uracil misses a ch2 at the 2 prime position 

mol gen

Nucleoside 
Base + sugar 

mol gen

Nucleotide 
Base + sugar + phosphate 

mol gen

Functions of nucleic acids in cell activity 
  • Storage of genetic information (DNA)
  • Coding of protein (RNA)
  • Monomers serve for building blocks of larger polymers 
  • Energy carriers 

mol gen

Role of ATP 
Used in cells as coenzyme 
Transports chemical energy in cells for metabolism 

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