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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Dimensions of organizational Culture
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Attention to detail
  • outcome orientation
  • people orientation
  • team orientation
  • aggressiveness
  • stability
  • innovation and risk taking
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Name Two perspectives on Organizations and explain
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Closed system
This Type of organizational design focuses exclusively upon the organization
There is minimal consideration to its dependence upon or capacity to influence Elements comprising its context: the environment. The idea is that effectiveness comes from internal design.

Open system:
This type of thinking pays attention to the open boundry between the organization and its context. (Contingency on their environment). The effectiveness comes from managing the exchange across the boundary of internal elements.

  • organization is an entity that takes input from the environment , transforms them and releases them as output
  • the organization becomes part of the environment in which it is situated 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the span of control
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
The span of control is the number of subordinates reporting to one supervisor 

FACTORS DETERINING THE SPAN OF CONTROL:
- Required/needed contacts
- degree of specialization 
- ability to communicate and strength of informal ties
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
When it comes to Organizational design, which two dimensions are there?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
CONTEXTUAL DIMENSION
Characterize and represent both the whole organization and describe the organizational setting.
  • size
  • goals &strategy
  • technology
  • environment
  • culture

STRUCTURAL DIMENSION
Provide labels to describe organizations internal characteristics
  • Formalization
  • Specialization
  • Hierarchy of authority
  • Centralization
  • Professionalism
  • Personnel Ratios
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the advantages  and disadvantages  of specialization?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Advantages:
  • high efficiency
  • low logistical efforts
  • sufficiency of certain skill
  • often lower wages
  • economies of scale

Disadvantages:
  • Vulnerability in case of interruptions
  • human diseconomies possible
  • high degree of coordination necessary
  • high complexity 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are shared Values?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Explicit or implicit fundamental beliefs, concepts and principles that underlie the culture of an organization, and which guide decisions and behavior of its members.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the cultural Iceberg Model (Edgar Schein)?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Visible Layer:
Artifacts and Creations
  • symbols, rituals, heroes
  • visible but in need of interpretation
Invisible Layers:
Espoused Values
  • Beliefs, values and attitudes
  • Partly visible, partly mechanical, tacid
Basic Assumptions
  • Almost mechanical, tacid
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What makes a strong organizational culture? 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Elements and Advantages

Strong cultures are organizational cultures in which key values are intensely held and widely shared
  • The more employees accept and the more their are committed to shared values the stronger the culture 
  • strong cultures affect managers planning, organization, leading and control 
  • strong connection between values and behavior 

Advantages
  • ofter associated with high organizational performance
  • high motivation and loyalty
  • stability and reliability
  • quick decision taking
Disadvantaged
  • tendency to foreclosure
  • restraint to new orientation
  • collective defensive demeanor
  • lack of flexibility

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
explain the link between contextual dimensions and organizational design
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Goals and Strategy of an organization are often valued as a driving force in organizational design. Nearly every design concept pays attention to this element ass a major factor. 
The right mix of structural desinf characteristics fits the contingency factors, but there is no one best solutution.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the basic Dimensions of Structure?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Degree of specialization
How to divide the overall companies tasks into single tasks, how many  tasks should be unified in one job, how should jobs be departmentalized?
  • Hierarchy of authority, span of control
How should reporting lines be structured?
How many hierarchies of authorities does the company have?
What is the optimal span of control?
  • Centralized/Decentralized
Where should decisions been taken?
  • Professionalism and informal rules
What is an appropriate degree of formalization?
  • Link between the organisation and the external context/ environment
How to ensure that organizational system survive in a changing external context?
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What does the organizational culture steer in organizations?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Corporate culture has a high impact on decision taking and behaviors.
The closer organizational members act based on mutual beliefs the stronger is the effect of coordination.

Shared Organizational values have an impact on:
  • Guide managers decisions and actions
  • shape employee behavior
  • influence marketing efforts
  • build team spirit
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Name the different streams of organizational theory and explain briefly.
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Classic Theories:
  • 19th century
  • organization as closed system
  • focus on productivity and efficiency of internal processes
  • Bsp. : Bureaucracy
Neoclassic Theories:
  • 1930s-1950s
  • organizations ass social systems 
  • focus on employee motivation and relations
  • Bsp.: Human relations approach
Modern Theories:
  • Organizations as open systems
  • Focus on Effectiveness in the environment 
  • Bsp.: Contingency theory

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  • 290 Studierende
  • 3 Lernmaterialien

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Q:
Dimensions of organizational Culture
A:
  • Attention to detail
  • outcome orientation
  • people orientation
  • team orientation
  • aggressiveness
  • stability
  • innovation and risk taking
Q:
Name Two perspectives on Organizations and explain
A:
Closed system
This Type of organizational design focuses exclusively upon the organization
There is minimal consideration to its dependence upon or capacity to influence Elements comprising its context: the environment. The idea is that effectiveness comes from internal design.

Open system:
This type of thinking pays attention to the open boundry between the organization and its context. (Contingency on their environment). The effectiveness comes from managing the exchange across the boundary of internal elements.

  • organization is an entity that takes input from the environment , transforms them and releases them as output
  • the organization becomes part of the environment in which it is situated 
Q:
What is the span of control
A:
The span of control is the number of subordinates reporting to one supervisor 

FACTORS DETERINING THE SPAN OF CONTROL:
- Required/needed contacts
- degree of specialization 
- ability to communicate and strength of informal ties
Q:
When it comes to Organizational design, which two dimensions are there?
A:
CONTEXTUAL DIMENSION
Characterize and represent both the whole organization and describe the organizational setting.
  • size
  • goals &strategy
  • technology
  • environment
  • culture

STRUCTURAL DIMENSION
Provide labels to describe organizations internal characteristics
  • Formalization
  • Specialization
  • Hierarchy of authority
  • Centralization
  • Professionalism
  • Personnel Ratios
Q:
What are the advantages  and disadvantages  of specialization?
A:
Advantages:
  • high efficiency
  • low logistical efforts
  • sufficiency of certain skill
  • often lower wages
  • economies of scale

Disadvantages:
  • Vulnerability in case of interruptions
  • human diseconomies possible
  • high degree of coordination necessary
  • high complexity 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What are shared Values?
A:
Explicit or implicit fundamental beliefs, concepts and principles that underlie the culture of an organization, and which guide decisions and behavior of its members.
Q:
What is the cultural Iceberg Model (Edgar Schein)?
A:
Visible Layer:
Artifacts and Creations
  • symbols, rituals, heroes
  • visible but in need of interpretation
Invisible Layers:
Espoused Values
  • Beliefs, values and attitudes
  • Partly visible, partly mechanical, tacid
Basic Assumptions
  • Almost mechanical, tacid
Q:
What makes a strong organizational culture? 
A:
Elements and Advantages

Strong cultures are organizational cultures in which key values are intensely held and widely shared
  • The more employees accept and the more their are committed to shared values the stronger the culture 
  • strong cultures affect managers planning, organization, leading and control 
  • strong connection between values and behavior 

Advantages
  • ofter associated with high organizational performance
  • high motivation and loyalty
  • stability and reliability
  • quick decision taking
Disadvantaged
  • tendency to foreclosure
  • restraint to new orientation
  • collective defensive demeanor
  • lack of flexibility

Q:
explain the link between contextual dimensions and organizational design
A:
Goals and Strategy of an organization are often valued as a driving force in organizational design. Nearly every design concept pays attention to this element ass a major factor. 
The right mix of structural desinf characteristics fits the contingency factors, but there is no one best solutution.
Q:
What are the basic Dimensions of Structure?
A:
  • Degree of specialization
How to divide the overall companies tasks into single tasks, how many  tasks should be unified in one job, how should jobs be departmentalized?
  • Hierarchy of authority, span of control
How should reporting lines be structured?
How many hierarchies of authorities does the company have?
What is the optimal span of control?
  • Centralized/Decentralized
Where should decisions been taken?
  • Professionalism and informal rules
What is an appropriate degree of formalization?
  • Link between the organisation and the external context/ environment
How to ensure that organizational system survive in a changing external context?
Q:
What does the organizational culture steer in organizations?
A:
Corporate culture has a high impact on decision taking and behaviors.
The closer organizational members act based on mutual beliefs the stronger is the effect of coordination.

Shared Organizational values have an impact on:
  • Guide managers decisions and actions
  • shape employee behavior
  • influence marketing efforts
  • build team spirit
Q:
Name the different streams of organizational theory and explain briefly.
A:
Classic Theories:
  • 19th century
  • organization as closed system
  • focus on productivity and efficiency of internal processes
  • Bsp. : Bureaucracy
Neoclassic Theories:
  • 1930s-1950s
  • organizations ass social systems 
  • focus on employee motivation and relations
  • Bsp.: Human relations approach
Modern Theories:
  • Organizations as open systems
  • Focus on Effectiveness in the environment 
  • Bsp.: Contingency theory

Orga

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