Cross Culture Management at Gustav-Siewerth-Akademie | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Cross Culture Management an der Gustav-Siewerth-Akademie

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What are the Hofstede Cultural Dimensions?

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  • Power Distance
  • Individualism
  • Masculinity 
  • Uncertainty Avoidance 
  • Long Term Orientation
  • Indulgence 
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What are the Hofstede criteria of Power distance? 

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How much do people with lower power (employees) accept those with higher power (boss). 

High Power Distance: People follow all decisions of their boss without questioning it. Inequalities, hierarchies, centralization. Powerful people are privileged 

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What does Uncertainty Avoidance mean?

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How do group members feel in an uncertain situation? Is uncertainty a part of their life´s or do they do everything to avoid uncertainty. 

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Individualism vs. Collectivism

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Individual Societies tend to make their own decisions. People look after themselves. The focus is on "I". Personal decisions are important (USA)


Collectivism: People are integrated into strong groups, where group need dominate individual needs. Confrontation is usually avoided. Business relies on prior friendship; Arguments must be avoided

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Masculinity  

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In more masculine countries people are motivated trough competition and performance. There is differentiation with genders. Conflicts are solved by fighting them out (Japan, Mexico). 

In cultures with less masculinity the focus on relationships is much higher. Conflicts are solved trough compromise. 

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long-term vs. short-term orientation

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Long-term oriented societies attach more importance to the future. It is important for them to have savings and be careful with resources. 


Societies with short term orientation respect traditions. Values are related to the past and the present.

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Indulgence vs. Restraint 

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Nachgiebigkeit vs. Beherrschung


How high is the control over impulses and needs? 

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Fons Trompenaars dimensions of culture

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  • Universalism vs. Particularism
  • Individualism vs. Collectivism
  • Specific vs. Diffuse
  • Affective vs. Neutral
  • Achievement vs. Ascription
  • Sequential vs. Synchronic
  • Internal vs. External
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Universalism vs. Particularism

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  • Universalistic orientation: Rules exist for everyone and are the same
  • Particularism: Context affects most judgments
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Individualism vs. Collectivism

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  • Individualism: People define themself as individuals
  • Collectivism: People define themself through a group 
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Specific vs. Diffuse Cultures 

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  • Specific cultures: Public and private spaces are separated (USA)
  • Diffuse cultures: no clear distinction between public and private spaces. Work relationship extends into personal 
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Affective vs. Neutral Cultures

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  • Affective cultures: Emotions are not hidden; impulsive actions
  • Neutral cultures: controlled emotions and discipline 
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  • 85 Karteikarten
  • 1 Studierende
  • 0 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Cross Culture Management Kurs an der Gustav-Siewerth-Akademie - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What are the Hofstede Cultural Dimensions?

A:
  • Power Distance
  • Individualism
  • Masculinity 
  • Uncertainty Avoidance 
  • Long Term Orientation
  • Indulgence 
Q:

What are the Hofstede criteria of Power distance? 

A:

How much do people with lower power (employees) accept those with higher power (boss). 

High Power Distance: People follow all decisions of their boss without questioning it. Inequalities, hierarchies, centralization. Powerful people are privileged 

Q:

What does Uncertainty Avoidance mean?

A:

How do group members feel in an uncertain situation? Is uncertainty a part of their life´s or do they do everything to avoid uncertainty. 

Q:

Individualism vs. Collectivism

A:

Individual Societies tend to make their own decisions. People look after themselves. The focus is on "I". Personal decisions are important (USA)


Collectivism: People are integrated into strong groups, where group need dominate individual needs. Confrontation is usually avoided. Business relies on prior friendship; Arguments must be avoided

Q:

Masculinity  

A:

In more masculine countries people are motivated trough competition and performance. There is differentiation with genders. Conflicts are solved by fighting them out (Japan, Mexico). 

In cultures with less masculinity the focus on relationships is much higher. Conflicts are solved trough compromise. 

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Q:

long-term vs. short-term orientation

A:

Long-term oriented societies attach more importance to the future. It is important for them to have savings and be careful with resources. 


Societies with short term orientation respect traditions. Values are related to the past and the present.

Q:

Indulgence vs. Restraint 

A:

Nachgiebigkeit vs. Beherrschung


How high is the control over impulses and needs? 

Q:

Fons Trompenaars dimensions of culture

A:
  • Universalism vs. Particularism
  • Individualism vs. Collectivism
  • Specific vs. Diffuse
  • Affective vs. Neutral
  • Achievement vs. Ascription
  • Sequential vs. Synchronic
  • Internal vs. External
Q:

Universalism vs. Particularism

A:
  • Universalistic orientation: Rules exist for everyone and are the same
  • Particularism: Context affects most judgments
Q:

Individualism vs. Collectivism

A:
  • Individualism: People define themself as individuals
  • Collectivism: People define themself through a group 
Q:

Specific vs. Diffuse Cultures 

A:
  • Specific cultures: Public and private spaces are separated (USA)
  • Diffuse cultures: no clear distinction between public and private spaces. Work relationship extends into personal 
Q:

Affective vs. Neutral Cultures

A:
  • Affective cultures: Emotions are not hidden; impulsive actions
  • Neutral cultures: controlled emotions and discipline 
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