Psych Assess. at Griffith University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Psych Assess. an der Griffith University

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Rational and Empirical approach to test development:

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Rational: knowledge of the construct & psychological theory drives the process

Empirical: collecting data to evaluate individual items & overall tests

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Assumptions about Psychological Tests:

1. Psychological traits/states actually exists

- define traits/states

- describe this assumption

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Traits: any distinguishable, relatively enduring way in which one individual varies from another

State: also distinguishes one person from another, but are more temporary

- People have recognisable traits

- People differ on these & are not homogenous 

- These are relatively stable over time

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Who coined the term 'mental tests'

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Cattell

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Explain the difference between the two lines of psych. assess.: academic and applied tradition

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academic: researchers at unis throughout the world use the tools of assessment to help advance knowledge & understanding of human behaviour. 

applied: answers practical questions, such as: who is best for this job? What class should this child be placed in? etc

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Francis Galton influence on the history of psych assess. 

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Developed tests, ratings & scales to classify people 'according to their natural gifts' and to ascertain their deviation from the average. 

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Define assessment

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the gathering & integration of psychology-related data for the purpose of making a psychological evaluation through tools such as tests, interviews, case studies, behavioural observations and other methods. 

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Psych test variations

serlf-report test vs. performance tests

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self-report: test of typical behavior. Personality, attitudes, interest. No right answers.


performance: test of limits/ the best you can do

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Psych test variations

Individual Vs. Group Administration

- tradeoff. 

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Generally tests are individual administered, some cog ability tests are also designed for group administration

tradeoff: time costs vs. accuracy gained through individual observation

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Why Goddard is considered the father of intelligence testing in the US?

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- translated standford-binet intelligence test into English

- raised questions about meaning of test s when used w/ individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds

- despite his sensitivity to the impact of culture, Goddard still overestimated impairment among immigrant populations

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Alfred Binet's influence on the history of psych. assess.

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alfred binet published a test designed to help place Paris school children w/ an intellectual disability into appropriate classes. Binet's test was also used for ww1 and ww2 recruitment.

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Define testing

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the process of measuring psychology-related variables by means of devices or procedures designed to obtain a sample of behaviour

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Assumptions about psych. tests

2. Psychological traits can be measured

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Psych. traits exists as constructs - an informed, scientific concept developed or constructed to describe or explain behaviour

we can't see, hear or touch these constructs but we can infer their existence (inc. test score). 

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Q:

Rational and Empirical approach to test development:

A:

Rational: knowledge of the construct & psychological theory drives the process

Empirical: collecting data to evaluate individual items & overall tests

Q:

Assumptions about Psychological Tests:

1. Psychological traits/states actually exists

- define traits/states

- describe this assumption

A:

Traits: any distinguishable, relatively enduring way in which one individual varies from another

State: also distinguishes one person from another, but are more temporary

- People have recognisable traits

- People differ on these & are not homogenous 

- These are relatively stable over time

Q:

Who coined the term 'mental tests'

A:

Cattell

Q:

Explain the difference between the two lines of psych. assess.: academic and applied tradition

A:

academic: researchers at unis throughout the world use the tools of assessment to help advance knowledge & understanding of human behaviour. 

applied: answers practical questions, such as: who is best for this job? What class should this child be placed in? etc

Q:

Francis Galton influence on the history of psych assess. 

A:

Developed tests, ratings & scales to classify people 'according to their natural gifts' and to ascertain their deviation from the average. 

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Q:

Define assessment

A:

the gathering & integration of psychology-related data for the purpose of making a psychological evaluation through tools such as tests, interviews, case studies, behavioural observations and other methods. 

Q:

Psych test variations

serlf-report test vs. performance tests

A:

self-report: test of typical behavior. Personality, attitudes, interest. No right answers.


performance: test of limits/ the best you can do

Q:

Psych test variations

Individual Vs. Group Administration

- tradeoff. 

A:

Generally tests are individual administered, some cog ability tests are also designed for group administration

tradeoff: time costs vs. accuracy gained through individual observation

Q:

Why Goddard is considered the father of intelligence testing in the US?

A:

- translated standford-binet intelligence test into English

- raised questions about meaning of test s when used w/ individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds

- despite his sensitivity to the impact of culture, Goddard still overestimated impairment among immigrant populations

Q:

Alfred Binet's influence on the history of psych. assess.

A:

alfred binet published a test designed to help place Paris school children w/ an intellectual disability into appropriate classes. Binet's test was also used for ww1 and ww2 recruitment.

Q:

Define testing

A:

the process of measuring psychology-related variables by means of devices or procedures designed to obtain a sample of behaviour

Q:

Assumptions about psych. tests

2. Psychological traits can be measured

A:

Psych. traits exists as constructs - an informed, scientific concept developed or constructed to describe or explain behaviour

we can't see, hear or touch these constructs but we can infer their existence (inc. test score). 

Psych Assess.

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