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Lernmaterialien für Developmental an der Griffith University

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Biological perspective on adolescence

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- start to fulfil biological destiny: reproduction 

- biological features underpin importance of social influences

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passion + intimacy =

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romantic love

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Describe Erikson's industry vs. inferiority crisis

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Industry: core ego property of competence

- sense of pride in accomplishments

-initiates tasks and see's them through to completion

-feels confident in ability to achieve goals

Inferiority: core ego property of inertia (paralysis of action)

- feel inferior, develops pervasive attitude of worthlessness

- doubts abilities & has little confidence can do things well

- might not reach full potential

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Erikson's middle childhood crisis and how is this resolved?

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Industry Vs. Inferiority

Resolved positively when children develop a sense of competence at useful skills and tasks

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Conduct disorder

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age inappropriate actions & attitudes that violate family expectations, social norms and personal or property rights of others

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Influences of self-esteem

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- Cultural influences: gender stereotyping & cultural emphasis on appearance

- Parenting influences: 

authoritative parenting: related to higher self-esteem

indulgent parenting: artificially inflated self-esteem

- Achievement-related attributions:

Mastery-orientated: credit success to ability and failures to external sources

Learned helplessness: success due to luck/external influences; ability is static

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commitment

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empty love

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Peer groups

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collectives of children that generate standards of behaviour, form a social structure & group identity

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identity diffusion

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low commitment + low exploration

lack clear direction, may never have explored alternatives or found it too threatening and overwhelming

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self-understanding &self-concept in middle childhood

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becomes increasingly detailed & evaluative

-organised based on behaviours & internal states

-often based on social comparisons

-forms an ideal self

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Middle childhood friendships characterised by:

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- mutuality, loyalty, sharing & intimacy

-trust

-shared interests and demographics

-smaller circle

-more stability in high quality friendships

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The perils & promise of praise (Dweck 2006)

- person praise = 

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praising students intelligence gives them a short burst of pride, followed by long string of negative consequences

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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Developmental Kurs an der Griffith University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Biological perspective on adolescence

A:

- start to fulfil biological destiny: reproduction 

- biological features underpin importance of social influences

Q:

passion + intimacy =

A:

romantic love

Q:

Describe Erikson's industry vs. inferiority crisis

A:

Industry: core ego property of competence

- sense of pride in accomplishments

-initiates tasks and see's them through to completion

-feels confident in ability to achieve goals

Inferiority: core ego property of inertia (paralysis of action)

- feel inferior, develops pervasive attitude of worthlessness

- doubts abilities & has little confidence can do things well

- might not reach full potential

Q:

Erikson's middle childhood crisis and how is this resolved?

A:

Industry Vs. Inferiority

Resolved positively when children develop a sense of competence at useful skills and tasks

Q:

Conduct disorder

A:

age inappropriate actions & attitudes that violate family expectations, social norms and personal or property rights of others

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Influences of self-esteem

A:

- Cultural influences: gender stereotyping & cultural emphasis on appearance

- Parenting influences: 

authoritative parenting: related to higher self-esteem

indulgent parenting: artificially inflated self-esteem

- Achievement-related attributions:

Mastery-orientated: credit success to ability and failures to external sources

Learned helplessness: success due to luck/external influences; ability is static

Q:

commitment

A:

empty love

Q:

Peer groups

A:

collectives of children that generate standards of behaviour, form a social structure & group identity

Q:

identity diffusion

A:

low commitment + low exploration

lack clear direction, may never have explored alternatives or found it too threatening and overwhelming

Q:

self-understanding &self-concept in middle childhood

A:

becomes increasingly detailed & evaluative

-organised based on behaviours & internal states

-often based on social comparisons

-forms an ideal self

Q:

Middle childhood friendships characterised by:

A:

- mutuality, loyalty, sharing & intimacy

-trust

-shared interests and demographics

-smaller circle

-more stability in high quality friendships

Q:

The perils & promise of praise (Dweck 2006)

- person praise = 

A:

praising students intelligence gives them a short burst of pride, followed by long string of negative consequences

Developmental

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