Anatomy at Gazi University Ankara | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Anatomy an der Gazi University Ankara

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3. Articular (or joint) capsule


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▪ Two layered

▪ Outer*: fibrous capsule of dense irregular connective tissue continuous with periosteum

▪ Inner*: synovial membrane of loose connective tissue (makes synovial fluid)

▪ Lines all internal joint surfaces not covered by cartilage


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Ulnar flexion 

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 tilting hand towards the pinky finger (towards the ulna)


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Cranial 

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(towards the head) 

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gomphosis

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(fibrous joint)where teeth attach to bone

• Tooth is “held in place” by fibrous periodontal ligament” made of collagen that originates from the jaw bone

• Fibrous “joint” permits slight

movement when biting And its an important sensory mechanism that lets you know how hard or soft you are biting

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The THORACIC  


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 The THORACIC OUTLET, large and irregular and closed by the diaphragm, is formed by the twelfth thoracic vertebra and ribs and by the lower six costal cartilages and xiphosternal joint.

 The ANTERIOR WALL of the THORAX is formed by the sternum and the first ten costal cartilages.

 It is shorter than the posterior wall since the sternum lies opposite the second to ninth thoracic vertebrae.

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LOWER JAW OR MANDIBLE


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The mandible consists of a horizontal body arched in Gothic form, the chin at the peak, and a vertical ramus rising from each end.


Function 

1-carry the lower teeth 

2-carry the muscles of mastication strongly biting against the resistance of the upper teeth

3-afford attachment to the muscles of the tongue and floor of the mouth,


Features

1-symphysis menti: a vertical ridge on the external face where the two halves of the body become fused at the  in the second year.

2-mental protuberance: triangular, expand from symphysis menti

3-mental tubercles: at the basal angles 

4-A shallow fossa below the incisor teeth:  gives origin to the mentalis muscle 

5-mental foramen: below the interval between the premolar teeth. transmits the mental vessels and nerve upwards and backwards to the surface.

6-The oblique line of the mandible 

7-alveolar part 

8-digastric fossa: shows on each side of the base of the mandible, attachment for the anterior belly of digastric muscle 

9- the angle of the mandible: under the ramus this border is thinner, ridged and everted. Eversion of the angle is typical in the male, but inversion is common in the female. ridged by the insertion of the medial pterygoid muscle, while the posterior border of the angle receives the stylomandibular ligament, and,

above this, the parotid gland embraces the border and both surfaces including the neck.

10- the mylohyoid line: in The internal surface of the body, below the molar teeth, not evident towards the midpoint of the lower border where the mylohyoid muscle meets that of the opposite side. attachment for mylohyoids muscles which form the floor of the mouth and above it a mucus membrane

11-upper and lower genial tubercles: On each side of the symphysis, just above the oblique line internally, give attachment respectively to the genioglossus and geniohyoid muscles but all four tubercles are often fused into one median ridge (mental spine).

12-shallow sublingual fossa: Just lateral to the symphysis, lodges the sublingual gland

13-submandibular fossa: below the mylohyoid line,  larger than sublingual fossa for the submandibular gland which extends on to the ramus

 14- The ramus: is quadrangular in shape has a medial and lateral surfaces

15-condylar processes: on the ramus extends superiorly from the posterior and superior borders of the ramus Consists of : The head, the nick

16-coronoid processes : on the ramus thin triangular process extends superiorly from the junction of the anterior and superior borders of the ramus. attached to temporalis muscle

17- mandibular notch : on the ramus 

18-oblique mandibular foramen: On the medial surface, above the centre, leads into the mandibular canal 

19- mandibular canal: which tunnels through the bone to the midline,  transmitting the inferior alveolar (dental) vessels and nerve to the roots of the teeth

20-mylohyoid groove: Downwards from the foramen and under the mylohyoid line, for the mylohyoid vessels and nerve.

21-the lingula: A thin plate, overlaps the foramen like a shield in front and below giving attachment to the sphenomandibular ligament, a thin strap to the spine of the sphenoid bone. 











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Coronal/frontal planes 

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 are oriented vertically and divide the body into anterior and posterior parts


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 the body lying face downward; stomach lying


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Prone

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Auscultation

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listening 

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in front & below


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Anteroinferior

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palpation

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feeling and torching 

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median sagittal plane


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The plane that passes through the center of the body dividing it into equal right and left halves  

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  • 1652 Karteikarten
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Anatomy Kurs an der Gazi University Ankara - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:


3. Articular (or joint) capsule


A:

▪ Two layered

▪ Outer*: fibrous capsule of dense irregular connective tissue continuous with periosteum

▪ Inner*: synovial membrane of loose connective tissue (makes synovial fluid)

▪ Lines all internal joint surfaces not covered by cartilage


Q:

Ulnar flexion 

A:

 tilting hand towards the pinky finger (towards the ulna)


Q:

Cranial 

A:

(towards the head) 

Q:

gomphosis

A:

(fibrous joint)where teeth attach to bone

• Tooth is “held in place” by fibrous periodontal ligament” made of collagen that originates from the jaw bone

• Fibrous “joint” permits slight

movement when biting And its an important sensory mechanism that lets you know how hard or soft you are biting

Q:

The THORACIC  


A:

 The THORACIC OUTLET, large and irregular and closed by the diaphragm, is formed by the twelfth thoracic vertebra and ribs and by the lower six costal cartilages and xiphosternal joint.

 The ANTERIOR WALL of the THORAX is formed by the sternum and the first ten costal cartilages.

 It is shorter than the posterior wall since the sternum lies opposite the second to ninth thoracic vertebrae.

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Q:

LOWER JAW OR MANDIBLE


A:

The mandible consists of a horizontal body arched in Gothic form, the chin at the peak, and a vertical ramus rising from each end.


Function 

1-carry the lower teeth 

2-carry the muscles of mastication strongly biting against the resistance of the upper teeth

3-afford attachment to the muscles of the tongue and floor of the mouth,


Features

1-symphysis menti: a vertical ridge on the external face where the two halves of the body become fused at the  in the second year.

2-mental protuberance: triangular, expand from symphysis menti

3-mental tubercles: at the basal angles 

4-A shallow fossa below the incisor teeth:  gives origin to the mentalis muscle 

5-mental foramen: below the interval between the premolar teeth. transmits the mental vessels and nerve upwards and backwards to the surface.

6-The oblique line of the mandible 

7-alveolar part 

8-digastric fossa: shows on each side of the base of the mandible, attachment for the anterior belly of digastric muscle 

9- the angle of the mandible: under the ramus this border is thinner, ridged and everted. Eversion of the angle is typical in the male, but inversion is common in the female. ridged by the insertion of the medial pterygoid muscle, while the posterior border of the angle receives the stylomandibular ligament, and,

above this, the parotid gland embraces the border and both surfaces including the neck.

10- the mylohyoid line: in The internal surface of the body, below the molar teeth, not evident towards the midpoint of the lower border where the mylohyoid muscle meets that of the opposite side. attachment for mylohyoids muscles which form the floor of the mouth and above it a mucus membrane

11-upper and lower genial tubercles: On each side of the symphysis, just above the oblique line internally, give attachment respectively to the genioglossus and geniohyoid muscles but all four tubercles are often fused into one median ridge (mental spine).

12-shallow sublingual fossa: Just lateral to the symphysis, lodges the sublingual gland

13-submandibular fossa: below the mylohyoid line,  larger than sublingual fossa for the submandibular gland which extends on to the ramus

 14- The ramus: is quadrangular in shape has a medial and lateral surfaces

15-condylar processes: on the ramus extends superiorly from the posterior and superior borders of the ramus Consists of : The head, the nick

16-coronoid processes : on the ramus thin triangular process extends superiorly from the junction of the anterior and superior borders of the ramus. attached to temporalis muscle

17- mandibular notch : on the ramus 

18-oblique mandibular foramen: On the medial surface, above the centre, leads into the mandibular canal 

19- mandibular canal: which tunnels through the bone to the midline,  transmitting the inferior alveolar (dental) vessels and nerve to the roots of the teeth

20-mylohyoid groove: Downwards from the foramen and under the mylohyoid line, for the mylohyoid vessels and nerve.

21-the lingula: A thin plate, overlaps the foramen like a shield in front and below giving attachment to the sphenomandibular ligament, a thin strap to the spine of the sphenoid bone. 











Q:

Coronal/frontal planes 

A:

 are oriented vertically and divide the body into anterior and posterior parts


Q:


 the body lying face downward; stomach lying


A:

Prone

Q:

Auscultation

A:

listening 

Q:


in front & below


A:

Anteroinferior

Q:

palpation

A:

feeling and torching 

Q:

median sagittal plane


A:

The plane that passes through the center of the body dividing it into equal right and left halves  

Anatomy

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