Linguistic at Freie Universität Berlin

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why are dutch and german different languages?

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IPA: əl 



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Give a definition of "language"

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Exemplary flashcards for Linguistic at the Freie Universität Berlin on StudySmarter:

How is the postalveolar obstruction of airstream produced and which sounds does it produce?

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Nach Saussure: definiere die Unterschiede von langage, langue und parôle

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What are the differences between a dialect and a sociolect?

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Give examples of diatopic variations

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Exemplary flashcards for Linguistic at the Freie Universität Berlin on StudySmarter:

Vocal Folds

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what are language styles?

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What are linguistic varieties?

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What are registers?

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Explain the difference between Phonetics and Phonology

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Exemplary flashcards for Linguistic at the Freie Universität Berlin on StudySmarter:

Linguistic

why are dutch and german different languages?

Ausbausprache (elaborated for use in all functions) - external criterion

Linguistic


IPA: əl 



bottle (either [əl] or [l̩]) 


(syllabic consonant)

Linguistic

Give a definition of "language"

"...uniquely human capacity to express ideas and feelings by voluntarily produced speech sounds or their equivalents..." 

Linguistic

How is the postalveolar obstruction of airstream produced and which sounds does it produce?

  • : lamina (blade), region behind alveolar ridge (ʃ, ʧ, ʤ) or tip, postalveolar region (r)

Linguistic

Nach Saussure: definiere die Unterschiede von langage, langue und parôle

Langage: Human Language (human capacity)


Langue: a language (grammatical system of a specific language)


Parôle: "Usage" (the way we actually use specific languages in specific communicative contexts)

Linguistic

What are the differences between a dialect and a sociolect?

mutually comprehensive sub-systems of a language that 


- differ from region to region (dialect): dialect continuum due to linguistic criteria "Abstand"


- between classes (sociolect): different national varieties due to socio-politic criteria "Ausbau" 

Linguistic

Give examples of diatopic variations

Standard British English (BrE)

Non-Standard American English (AmE)

Jamaican Creole

Linguistic

Vocal Folds

Stimmbänder

Linguistic

what are language styles?

ways of using a language in formal and informal context

Linguistic

What are linguistic varieties?

... mutually comprehensive sub-systems of a language that differ from region to region (dialect) or between classes (sociolect)

Linguistic

What are registers?

sub‐sets of a language‘s vocabulary, defined by context of use / profession

Linguistic

Explain the difference between Phonetics and Phonology

Phonetics is about the production/characterization of speech sounds in language in general (theoretically irrespective of any concrete language).


Phonology is about the function of specific sounds in the system of a specific language (theoretically irrespective of their concrete realization)

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