Supply Chain Management at FHNW - Fachhochschule Nordwestschweiz | Flashcards & Summaries

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Name and describe sourcing concepts according to geography
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Global Sourcing (Offshore): Systematic geographic expansion to international procurement
  • Domestic Sourcing (Near-shore): Procurement within the same country
  • Local Sourcing (Onshore): Conscious procurement in the immediate vicinity
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Describe level 3 of TQM
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Instrument level
  • FMEA (Failure Mode and Effects Analysis)
    • Quality Circle
  • Six Sigma
    • Statistical Process Control
  • QFD (Quality Function Development)
    • Quality Benchmarking
  • Bottleneck Engineering
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is a Value Network that is transformed of the operational supply chain
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Describes a business design that uses digital supply chain concepts to ensure high customer satisfaction and maximum profitability
  • Oriented towards competitive factors of time and flexibility
  • Main goal to be able to react quickly and flexibly to customer requirements
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is demand-side approach in sc strategy
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Demand chain focused on market demand towards suppliers, sc is steered by demand pull from customer. Translates customer goal into instructions for suppliers

Decision making:
  • Definition of purpose of demand chain
  • Planning, e.g. in form of category plan
  • Control of consumption & requirements (e.g. inventory management)
  • Purchasing transactions (e.g. Call-off from frame agreement)

Supplier <Demand- Company <Demand- Customer
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
asynchronous electronic exchange of structured data between the application systems of business partners, free from media discontinuity and human intervention

Early form of e-business
  • Classic EDI via propietary, mutually incompatible networks of network operators (VAN providers, Value Added Network), Associated with high costs
  • Recent years EDI extended to include vendor-independent technologies, incl. XML, increasingly using Internet for transmission
  • Number of standards for business news, most important UN / EDIFACT (about 200 message). Many industry-specific derivations exist
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are data exchange standards
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
EDI itself is not an actual standard, principle covers all standards of structured exchange of electronic data
Standard:
  • EDIFACT - Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce & Transport
    • World-Wide, Industry-Independent EDI Standard
  • EANCOM - EAN + Communication
    • Sub of the EDIFACT standard used in the consumer goods industry worldwirde
  • ODETTE - Organization for Data Exchange by Teletransmission in Europe
    • Industry-independent standard (automotive and supplier industry)
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is a dynamic supply chain
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
A network of organizations that:
- are linked together in both forward and backward directions
- create value within different processes and activities

They must place value creation in the center
-  Value creation must be seen both in internal and cross-company terms
- Values are ultimately reflected in products/services delivered to customers
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Describe mean of Services
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Form of output (GDL)
  • Intangible asset (usually a service)
  • Applications for increasing value of tangible goods (e.g. services as „add-ons“)
  • SDL does not distinguish between immaterial and tangible goods, but unites the two concepts in „SERVICE“
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are characteristics of a virtual enterprise
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Virtual Value network: series of market partners working together as a virtual unit
  • Real-Time exchange of information, interaction & continuous optimization, complete transparency
  • Temporary merger of core competencies of participating companies
  • No legal or interlocking of organizational structures

Winners in these virtual value networks, those who have faster access to information & resources + same time derive appropiate competitive strategies & supply chain strategies from them
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the supplier-centric approach
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Supply chain as a network of suppliers producing goods
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Potential advantages / disadvantages of domestic sourcing
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Advantages:
  • Language & cultural proximity
  • Legal certainty
  • Short distances

Disadvantages:
  • Dependence upon domestic sources
  • Risk of dependence on import monopolists and their pricing policy
  • Depending upon object to be procured
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is Kaizen 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Kaizen = Japanese for “change for the better“ (Kai = change, zen = good)

Philosophy of Kaizen
  • Instead of just maintaining (process) innovations, we continuously develop them further until the next innovation leap
  • Improvement of processes through continuous problem identification
    • Management and employees common interest in companys success
    • Management and employee look for and solve problems together
    • Management and employee decide together mostly smaller preventative measures
Lösung ausblenden
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Q:
Name and describe sourcing concepts according to geography
A:
  • Global Sourcing (Offshore): Systematic geographic expansion to international procurement
  • Domestic Sourcing (Near-shore): Procurement within the same country
  • Local Sourcing (Onshore): Conscious procurement in the immediate vicinity
Q:
Describe level 3 of TQM
A:
Instrument level
  • FMEA (Failure Mode and Effects Analysis)
    • Quality Circle
  • Six Sigma
    • Statistical Process Control
  • QFD (Quality Function Development)
    • Quality Benchmarking
  • Bottleneck Engineering
Q:
What is a Value Network that is transformed of the operational supply chain
A:
Describes a business design that uses digital supply chain concepts to ensure high customer satisfaction and maximum profitability
  • Oriented towards competitive factors of time and flexibility
  • Main goal to be able to react quickly and flexibly to customer requirements
Q:
What is demand-side approach in sc strategy
A:
Demand chain focused on market demand towards suppliers, sc is steered by demand pull from customer. Translates customer goal into instructions for suppliers

Decision making:
  • Definition of purpose of demand chain
  • Planning, e.g. in form of category plan
  • Control of consumption & requirements (e.g. inventory management)
  • Purchasing transactions (e.g. Call-off from frame agreement)

Supplier <Demand- Company <Demand- Customer
Q:
What is Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
A:
asynchronous electronic exchange of structured data between the application systems of business partners, free from media discontinuity and human intervention

Early form of e-business
  • Classic EDI via propietary, mutually incompatible networks of network operators (VAN providers, Value Added Network), Associated with high costs
  • Recent years EDI extended to include vendor-independent technologies, incl. XML, increasingly using Internet for transmission
  • Number of standards for business news, most important UN / EDIFACT (about 200 message). Many industry-specific derivations exist
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What are data exchange standards
A:
EDI itself is not an actual standard, principle covers all standards of structured exchange of electronic data
Standard:
  • EDIFACT - Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce & Transport
    • World-Wide, Industry-Independent EDI Standard
  • EANCOM - EAN + Communication
    • Sub of the EDIFACT standard used in the consumer goods industry worldwirde
  • ODETTE - Organization for Data Exchange by Teletransmission in Europe
    • Industry-independent standard (automotive and supplier industry)
Q:
What is a dynamic supply chain
A:
A network of organizations that:
- are linked together in both forward and backward directions
- create value within different processes and activities

They must place value creation in the center
-  Value creation must be seen both in internal and cross-company terms
- Values are ultimately reflected in products/services delivered to customers
Q:
Describe mean of Services
A:
Form of output (GDL)
  • Intangible asset (usually a service)
  • Applications for increasing value of tangible goods (e.g. services as „add-ons“)
  • SDL does not distinguish between immaterial and tangible goods, but unites the two concepts in „SERVICE“
Q:
What are characteristics of a virtual enterprise
A:
  • Virtual Value network: series of market partners working together as a virtual unit
  • Real-Time exchange of information, interaction & continuous optimization, complete transparency
  • Temporary merger of core competencies of participating companies
  • No legal or interlocking of organizational structures

Winners in these virtual value networks, those who have faster access to information & resources + same time derive appropiate competitive strategies & supply chain strategies from them
Q:
What is the supplier-centric approach
A:
Supply chain as a network of suppliers producing goods
Q:
Potential advantages / disadvantages of domestic sourcing
A:
Advantages:
  • Language & cultural proximity
  • Legal certainty
  • Short distances

Disadvantages:
  • Dependence upon domestic sources
  • Risk of dependence on import monopolists and their pricing policy
  • Depending upon object to be procured
Q:
What is Kaizen 
A:
Kaizen = Japanese for “change for the better“ (Kai = change, zen = good)

Philosophy of Kaizen
  • Instead of just maintaining (process) innovations, we continuously develop them further until the next innovation leap
  • Improvement of processes through continuous problem identification
    • Management and employees common interest in companys success
    • Management and employee look for and solve problems together
    • Management and employee decide together mostly smaller preventative measures
Supply Chain Management

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