Introduction BIT at FHNW - Fachhochschule Nordwestschweiz | Flashcards & Summaries

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Slippery Slope Rule 


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If an action cannot be taken repeatedly, it is not right to take at all 

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Computer crime 

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– Computer may be target of crime 

– Computer may be instrument of crime 

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Computer software

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Consists of the detailed, preprogrammed instructions that control & coordinate the computer hardware components.

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Due process 


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(Rechtliches Verfahren) 

Laws are well-known and understood, with an ability to appeal to higher authorities 

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Authentication 

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– Password systems 

– Tokens

– Smart cards 

– Biometric authentication 

– Two-factor authentication 

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Hackers

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someone who uses a computer system to gain unauthorized access to another system for data or who makes another system unavailable.


The three types of hackers are the white hat hacker(savior), the grey hat hacker(a mix of both, do something without permission), and the black hat hacker (Evil doer)


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Types of decisions:

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1. Unstructured: Decision maker must provide judgment, evaluation, and insight to solve problem 

2. Structured: Repetitive and routine; involve definite procedure for handling so they do not have to be treated each time as new 

3. Semistructured: Only part of problem has clear-cut answer provided by accepted procedure

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The Decision Making Process 


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1. Intelligence 

    ✓ Discovering, identifying, and unerstanding the problems occurring in the organization

 2. Design

     ✓ Identifying and exploring solutions to the problem

3. Choice 

    ✓ Choosing among solution alternatives 

4. Implementation 

    ✓ Making chosen alternative work and continuing to monitor how well solution is working

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IT governance

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Includes the strategy & policies for using information technology within an organization.

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How would you define ethics?

What is ethics about? 

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Ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality by defining concepts such as good & evil, right & wrong. 


The study of what is morally right & wrong, or a set of beliefs about what is morally right or wrong. 


Ethics refers to the principles of right & wrong that individuals use to make choices to guide their behaviours 

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Worms


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are independent computer programs that copy themselves from one computer to other computers over a network. Unlike viruses, worms can operate on their own. Worms destroy data and programs as well as disrupt or even halt the operation of computer networks.

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IT Planning Process 


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➢ Information systems must be planned and controlled as a critical resource.


➢ If information systems are not aligned with the IT strategy (and therefore the corporate strategy), this can have negative consequences for the company.


Badly calculated investments can lead to high additional costs.

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Q:

Slippery Slope Rule 


A:

If an action cannot be taken repeatedly, it is not right to take at all 

Q:

Computer crime 

A:

– Computer may be target of crime 

– Computer may be instrument of crime 

Q:

Computer software

A:

Consists of the detailed, preprogrammed instructions that control & coordinate the computer hardware components.

Q:

Due process 


A:

(Rechtliches Verfahren) 

Laws are well-known and understood, with an ability to appeal to higher authorities 

Q:

Authentication 

A:

– Password systems 

– Tokens

– Smart cards 

– Biometric authentication 

– Two-factor authentication 

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Q:

Hackers

A:

someone who uses a computer system to gain unauthorized access to another system for data or who makes another system unavailable.


The three types of hackers are the white hat hacker(savior), the grey hat hacker(a mix of both, do something without permission), and the black hat hacker (Evil doer)


Q:

Types of decisions:

A:

1. Unstructured: Decision maker must provide judgment, evaluation, and insight to solve problem 

2. Structured: Repetitive and routine; involve definite procedure for handling so they do not have to be treated each time as new 

3. Semistructured: Only part of problem has clear-cut answer provided by accepted procedure

Q:

The Decision Making Process 


A:

1. Intelligence 

    ✓ Discovering, identifying, and unerstanding the problems occurring in the organization

 2. Design

     ✓ Identifying and exploring solutions to the problem

3. Choice 

    ✓ Choosing among solution alternatives 

4. Implementation 

    ✓ Making chosen alternative work and continuing to monitor how well solution is working

Q:

IT governance

A:

Includes the strategy & policies for using information technology within an organization.

Q:

How would you define ethics?

What is ethics about? 

A:

Ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality by defining concepts such as good & evil, right & wrong. 


The study of what is morally right & wrong, or a set of beliefs about what is morally right or wrong. 


Ethics refers to the principles of right & wrong that individuals use to make choices to guide their behaviours 

Q:

Worms


A:

are independent computer programs that copy themselves from one computer to other computers over a network. Unlike viruses, worms can operate on their own. Worms destroy data and programs as well as disrupt or even halt the operation of computer networks.

Q:

IT Planning Process 


A:

➢ Information systems must be planned and controlled as a critical resource.


➢ If information systems are not aligned with the IT strategy (and therefore the corporate strategy), this can have negative consequences for the company.


Badly calculated investments can lead to high additional costs.

Introduction BIT

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