M1 - Design & Research at FernUniversität In Hagen | Flashcards & Summaries

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Name an example for the influence of the political environment on the at-risk-group.


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speeding:

legislation plays an important role in encouraging drivers to reduce their speed on highways 

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Is it possible to unconsciously influence behaviour by means of subliminal perception?

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Yes

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In which four main areas do the majority of applied psychologists work?

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  • clinical psychology
  • educational psychology
  • occupational psychology
  • government service (e.g. as prison psychologists)
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What is basic research?

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conducted in laboratory, descriptive or explanatory research.

  • Artificial situations
  • Data are collected with the aim of learning more about the origins of a phenomenon or to test predictions
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Why is it argued that the detached approach of the scientific method may be inappropriate for studying topics in psychology?

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  1. it is impossible to study people i a scientific way when perception and judgement are coloured by experiences and wishes 
  2. it is impossible to control many of the relevant interacting variables that affect behaviour 
  3. the results of one study are always specific to one particular set of conditions - and thus cannot generalize widely from them
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What do psychologists acting as agents for change need to be conscious of?

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They need to be conscious of their reasons and motivations for conducting their research and of the potential for exploitation of the results by others.

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Who's biases is more likely to be partial? 

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people who hold a vested interest

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What is a counsellor?

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A counsellor is a person who gibes counsel (or advice) usually to individuals but sometimes to organizations.

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Define theories.

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Theories can suggest the underlying mechanisms or processes that might be involved, where to look for causes, and how to design specific inquiries to support or reject a particular point of view.

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What similarities do psychologists and physicists share? What differentiates them?

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Both psychologists and physicists try to understand and try to arrive at practical problems. 

Physicists try to understand the functioning of machines and buildings, while psychologists deal with problems related to the functioning of humans. 


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What is the practical use of theories?

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Theories provide the link between laboratory studies and the 'real' world 

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What is the first Law of Thorndike?

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Law of Exercise

the relationship between a stimulus and a response becomes stronger when a stimulus is more often followed by the same response of an individual (law of use). The relationship between a stimulus and a response becomes weaker when a stimulus is only seldom followed by the same response of an individual (law of disuse)

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Q:

Name an example for the influence of the political environment on the at-risk-group.


A:

speeding:

legislation plays an important role in encouraging drivers to reduce their speed on highways 

Q:

Is it possible to unconsciously influence behaviour by means of subliminal perception?

A:

Yes

Q:

In which four main areas do the majority of applied psychologists work?

A:
  • clinical psychology
  • educational psychology
  • occupational psychology
  • government service (e.g. as prison psychologists)
Q:

What is basic research?

A:

conducted in laboratory, descriptive or explanatory research.

  • Artificial situations
  • Data are collected with the aim of learning more about the origins of a phenomenon or to test predictions
Q:

Why is it argued that the detached approach of the scientific method may be inappropriate for studying topics in psychology?

A:
  1. it is impossible to study people i a scientific way when perception and judgement are coloured by experiences and wishes 
  2. it is impossible to control many of the relevant interacting variables that affect behaviour 
  3. the results of one study are always specific to one particular set of conditions - and thus cannot generalize widely from them
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What do psychologists acting as agents for change need to be conscious of?

A:

They need to be conscious of their reasons and motivations for conducting their research and of the potential for exploitation of the results by others.

Q:

Who's biases is more likely to be partial? 

A:

people who hold a vested interest

Q:

What is a counsellor?

A:

A counsellor is a person who gibes counsel (or advice) usually to individuals but sometimes to organizations.

Q:

Define theories.

A:

Theories can suggest the underlying mechanisms or processes that might be involved, where to look for causes, and how to design specific inquiries to support or reject a particular point of view.

Q:

What similarities do psychologists and physicists share? What differentiates them?

A:

Both psychologists and physicists try to understand and try to arrive at practical problems. 

Physicists try to understand the functioning of machines and buildings, while psychologists deal with problems related to the functioning of humans. 


Q:

What is the practical use of theories?

A:

Theories provide the link between laboratory studies and the 'real' world 

Q:

What is the first Law of Thorndike?

A:

Law of Exercise

the relationship between a stimulus and a response becomes stronger when a stimulus is more often followed by the same response of an individual (law of use). The relationship between a stimulus and a response becomes weaker when a stimulus is only seldom followed by the same response of an individual (law of disuse)

M1 - Design & Research

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