M09_Memory at FernUni Schweiz/UniDistance | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für M09_Memory an der FernUni Schweiz/UniDistance

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von Restorff effect

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The finding that a to-be-remembered item that is distinctively different from other items is especiallly likely to be remembered 

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Main reason mnemonic techniques are effective

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They enable to use previously learned retrieval  structures stored in long-term memory

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Modal Model

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A term applied to the model of memory developed by Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968)

Sensory memory -> Short-Term memory -> Long-Term memory

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proactive interference

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disruption of memory

retrieval cue (same stimulus) is associated with several different responses.

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Gestalt psychology

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attempt to use perceptual principles to understand memory and reasoning

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Schemas

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Proposed by Bartlett to explain how our knowledge of the world is structured and influences the way in which new information is stored and subsequently recalled

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Sensory Memory

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A term applied to the brief storge of information within a specific modality

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Iconic memory
echoic memory

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brief storage of visual information

brief storage of verbal information

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Masking

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A process by which the perception and/ or storage of a stimulus is influenced by events occuring immediately before (forward masking) or after (backward masking)

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Short-term memory (STM) 


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A term applied to the retention of small amounts of material over periods of a few seconds.

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Working memory 


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A memory system that underpins our capacity to “keep things in mind” when performing complex tasks.

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Explicit/declarative memory 


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Memory that is open to intentional retrieval, whether based on recollecting personal events (episodic memory) or facts (semantic memory).

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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen M09_Memory Kurs an der FernUni Schweiz/UniDistance - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

von Restorff effect

A:

The finding that a to-be-remembered item that is distinctively different from other items is especiallly likely to be remembered 

Q:

Main reason mnemonic techniques are effective

A:

They enable to use previously learned retrieval  structures stored in long-term memory

Q:

Modal Model

A:

A term applied to the model of memory developed by Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968)

Sensory memory -> Short-Term memory -> Long-Term memory

Q:

proactive interference

A:

disruption of memory

retrieval cue (same stimulus) is associated with several different responses.

Q:

Gestalt psychology

A:

attempt to use perceptual principles to understand memory and reasoning

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Schemas

A:

Proposed by Bartlett to explain how our knowledge of the world is structured and influences the way in which new information is stored and subsequently recalled

Q:

Sensory Memory

A:

A term applied to the brief storge of information within a specific modality

Q:

Iconic memory
echoic memory

A:

brief storage of visual information

brief storage of verbal information

Q:

Masking

A:

A process by which the perception and/ or storage of a stimulus is influenced by events occuring immediately before (forward masking) or after (backward masking)

Q:

Short-term memory (STM) 


A:

A term applied to the retention of small amounts of material over periods of a few seconds.

Q:

Working memory 


A:

A memory system that underpins our capacity to “keep things in mind” when performing complex tasks.

Q:

Explicit/declarative memory 


A:

Memory that is open to intentional retrieval, whether based on recollecting personal events (episodic memory) or facts (semantic memory).

M09_Memory

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