MICROBIOLOGY at Far Eastern University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für MICROBIOLOGY an der Far Eastern University

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Specimen that is collected in a clean, leak-proof container

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Stool

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First portion: washes contaminants from the urethra

Midstream: more representative of the urine in the bladder

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Both true

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Collected in sterile containers

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Microbiology Cultures

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It is not recommended because it does not provide sufficient quantity, easily contaminated, can become dries out leading to loos of organisms

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Swabs

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It is often collected for the diagnosis of bacterial pneumonia.


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Sputum

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All of the following are true regarding the characteristics of viruses, except: 


STATEMENT 1: consists of DNA or RNA, but not both. Their genome may be double-stranded DNA (dsDNA), single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), or single-stranded RNA (ssRNA). 


STATEMENT 2: are acellular (not composed of cells), lack cytoplasmic membranes, and are surrounded by a protein coat.


STATEMENT 3: are obligate multicellular parasites that require host cells for replication and metabolism. 


STATEMENT 4: are mostly host or host cell-specific. 


STATEMENT 5: are better known by their DNA or RNA makeup and chemical makeup.




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3 only

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True or False.

Swabs are appropriate for specimens from the upper respiratory tract, external ear, eye, and genital tract.

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True

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The most difficult specimens to collect adequately because it is contaminated with oropharyngeal flora. It is the least clinically relevant specimen for culture


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Lower respiratory tract

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It is the orderly classification and grouping of organisms into categories.

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Taxonomy

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Infection by indigenous flora is called

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Opportunistic infection

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Moderate growth of a β-hemolytic, gray colony is seen on a vaginal culture from a 25-year-old pregnant woman. The colonies are growing on the BAP and CHOC, but the MAC is negative for growth. The colonies are described as large with small, diffuse zones of β-hemolysis. This type of hemolysis is noticed when a colony is removed with a loop. A presumptive identification of this organism would be:  


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Streptococcus pyogenes (group A)

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Which of the following are the structured interrelated categories of taxonomy?

1: Classification

2: Nomenclature

3: Identification

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AOTA

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Q:

Specimen that is collected in a clean, leak-proof container

A:

Stool

Q:

First portion: washes contaminants from the urethra

Midstream: more representative of the urine in the bladder

A:

Both true

Q:

Collected in sterile containers

A:

Microbiology Cultures

Q:

It is not recommended because it does not provide sufficient quantity, easily contaminated, can become dries out leading to loos of organisms

A:

Swabs

Q:

It is often collected for the diagnosis of bacterial pneumonia.


A:

Sputum

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Q:

All of the following are true regarding the characteristics of viruses, except: 


STATEMENT 1: consists of DNA or RNA, but not both. Their genome may be double-stranded DNA (dsDNA), single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), or single-stranded RNA (ssRNA). 


STATEMENT 2: are acellular (not composed of cells), lack cytoplasmic membranes, and are surrounded by a protein coat.


STATEMENT 3: are obligate multicellular parasites that require host cells for replication and metabolism. 


STATEMENT 4: are mostly host or host cell-specific. 


STATEMENT 5: are better known by their DNA or RNA makeup and chemical makeup.




A:

3 only

Q:

True or False.

Swabs are appropriate for specimens from the upper respiratory tract, external ear, eye, and genital tract.

A:

True

Q:

The most difficult specimens to collect adequately because it is contaminated with oropharyngeal flora. It is the least clinically relevant specimen for culture


A:

Lower respiratory tract

Q:

It is the orderly classification and grouping of organisms into categories.

A:

Taxonomy

Q:

Infection by indigenous flora is called

A:

Opportunistic infection

Q:

Moderate growth of a β-hemolytic, gray colony is seen on a vaginal culture from a 25-year-old pregnant woman. The colonies are growing on the BAP and CHOC, but the MAC is negative for growth. The colonies are described as large with small, diffuse zones of β-hemolysis. This type of hemolysis is noticed when a colony is removed with a loop. A presumptive identification of this organism would be:  


A:

Streptococcus pyogenes (group A)

Q:

Which of the following are the structured interrelated categories of taxonomy?

1: Classification

2: Nomenclature

3: Identification

A:

AOTA

MICROBIOLOGY

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