CNE MS-Test at Fachhochschule Salzburg

Flashcards and summaries for CNE MS-Test at the Fachhochschule Salzburg

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Exemplary flashcards for CNE MS-Test at the Fachhochschule Salzburg on StudySmarter:

When is a default gateway used?


Exemplary flashcards for CNE MS-Test at the Fachhochschule Salzburg on StudySmarter:

What is the default gateway address in

general? 


Exemplary flashcards for CNE MS-Test at the Fachhochschule Salzburg on StudySmarter:

What must happen to reach PC3?


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Exemplary flashcards for CNE MS-Test at the Fachhochschule Salzburg on StudySmarter:

Do the IP address of the host and the

router interface to be in the same network?

Exemplary flashcards for CNE MS-Test at the Fachhochschule Salzburg on StudySmarter:

What is a default route?

What a single default route?


Exemplary flashcards for CNE MS-Test at the Fachhochschule Salzburg on StudySmarter:

Which default routes routers commonly use?

Exemplary flashcards for CNE MS-Test at the Fachhochschule Salzburg on StudySmarter:

When are default static routes commonly used?


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Exemplary flashcards for CNE MS-Test at the Fachhochschule Salzburg on StudySmarter:

What does the figure show?

Exemplary flashcards for CNE MS-Test at the Fachhochschule Salzburg on StudySmarter:

Show an example with an IPv4 default static route configured on R1:


Where does the configuration shown in the example, where all packets that do not match more specific route entries, get forwarded to?


Exemplary flashcards for CNE MS-Test at the Fachhochschule Salzburg on StudySmarter:

How does an IPv6 default static route (configured in similar fashion) look?


Where are any packets, not matching more specific IPv6 route entries, are forwarded?



Exemplary flashcards for CNE MS-Test at the Fachhochschule Salzburg on StudySmarter:

What does the output of the ip route static command of R1 show?


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Note the asterisk (*) next to the route with the code 'S'. What does it indicate?

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Exemplary flashcards for CNE MS-Test at the Fachhochschule Salzburg on StudySmarter:

CNE MS-Test

When is a default gateway used?


when a host sends a packet to

a device on another network

CNE MS-Test

What is the default gateway address in

general? 


the router interface

address attached to the local

network of the host

CNE MS-Test

What must happen to reach PC3?


PC1 addresses a packet with the IPv4 address of PC3, but forwards the packet to its default gateway, the interface G0/0/0 interface of R1

CNE MS-Test

Do the IP address of the host and the

router interface to be in the same network?

Yes

CNE MS-Test

What is a default route?

What a single default route?


-default route is a static route that matches all packets


-single default route represents any network that is not in the routing table

CNE MS-Test

Which default routes routers commonly use?

- some that are either, configured locally or learned from another router


- the default route is used as the Gateway of Last Resort

CNE MS-Test

When are default static routes commonly used?


when connecting an edge router to a

service provider network, or a stub router

(a router with only one upstream neighbor

router)

CNE MS-Test

What does the figure show?

a typical default static

route scenario

CNE MS-Test

Show an example with an IPv4 default static route configured on R1:


Where does the configuration shown in the example, where all packets that do not match more specific route entries, get forwarded to?


- R1(config)# ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 172.16.2.2


- are forwarded to R2 at 172.16.2.2.

CNE MS-Test

How does an IPv6 default static route (configured in similar fashion) look?


Where are any packets, not matching more specific IPv6 route entries, are forwarded?



- R1(config)# ipv6 route ::/0 2001:db8:acad:2::2


- are forwarded to R2 at 2001:db8:acad:2::2

CNE MS-Test

What does the output of the ip route static command of R1 show?


- it shows the content of the static routes in the routing table

CNE MS-Test

Note the asterisk (*) next to the route with the code 'S'. What does it indicate?

- that this static route is a candidate for a default route, which is why it is selected as a gateway of last resort

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