IMS at Fachhochschule Aachen | Flashcards & Summaries

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Ressource Pool and Project Portfolio
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Ressource Pool
Collection of scarce resources, which will be utilised by several(sub-)projects
primary human resources, equipment and infrastructure

Project Portfolio
multi-dimensional measure for the evaluation and prioritisation of projects. 
base for the decision to launch, continue, modify, postpone, resume, stop..., projects


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Innovation versus Invention
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Invention:
- Idea 
- Creativity 
- Authorship
- Patenting

Innovation:
- Realisation
- Dissemiation
- Exploitation
- Utilisation

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Requirements for problem definitions
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Related Systems
- Legal and economic systems 
- System borders delineate the dispositional flexibility 

Factual boundary
- What has to be solved and what not?

Temporal limitations
- which decisions from the past are binding?
- To which extend may future decision be predetermined?

Structuring
- Decomposition of problems in elements 
- Classification according to relevance, bottlenecks, interdependencies and chance of success

Capacity restrictions
- Availablity of temporal, personal, and financial resources

Openness and Revision
- What should be kept open or what may be changed?
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Structuring of multiple Goals/Objectives
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Interdependencies
- Super-/subordinate
- Complementary
- Conflicts
- Tradeoffs
Value
- Scoring
- Utility Value Analysis
- QFD / AHP
- …
- Constraints
- k.o. criteria
- thresholds
-> Clarity of goals/objectives M
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Applying SMART Criteria Defeats Breakthrough Innovation. (You should be critical about SMART) Es ist manchmal schwierig genau einzuschätzen ob etwas Achievable ist oder nicht genau so ob es realistisch ist und wie lange es dauern wird.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Specific
Measurable 
Achievable 
Realistic/Relevant
Tangible/Time-bound
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Goal definition challenges for innovation initatives (Change a Goal if it is necessary)
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Inadequate clarity due to complexity
- Unclear problem structure
- Unknown problem components
- Uncertainty regarding conflicts
Goal variation
- Decomposition of problem
- Information search and evaluation
- Negotiation, formal/process organisation
Management Challenge
- Initial goal definition limited by complexity barrier
- Goal variation
- Incremental reduction of complexity
- If necessary: goal revision
-> Goal rigidity in innovation initiatives leads to necessary goal changes


Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Categories of Innovation Definitions and Paradigms

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1. Product or Process with high degree of novelty
2. First time product/process
3. Perception of novelty
4. New purpose/mean
5. Exploitation of new products/processes
6. Innovation as a process
7. New services beyond industrial products/processes

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Human skills for ideation
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Cognitive Skills
Cognitive Style
- analytic vs. heuristic
- extroversion vs. introversion
- field dependences vs. field independence

Association Skills
- Recognition of means-end-relations
-> Identification of gifted ideators Distribution of Tasks in a Team.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Ideation Techniques
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Qualitative
User-Workshop
Lead User

Quantitative 
Conjoint
Simulated Market Test

Heuristic
Search field matrices

Hermeneutic Creative
Bain Writing
Imaginary brain storming

Systematic
SIL
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Die 6–3-5 Methode
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Simple but not good for challenging things.

6 People 
3 Ideas per Person
5 Rounds (5 Mal weitergeben)


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Importance of a specific individuum
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Classical explanation:
Great-Man-Theory

Elon Musk, Steve Jobs, ...

Schumpeter: 
- The entrepreneur combines the function of the inventor and the business man.
- Roles may be incorporated in one person or distributed in a team

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Characteristics of innovative enterprises (Culture is very important)
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- Openness for changes 
- Organisation provides freedom of initiatives - limited to just a few mandatory do‘s and dont‘s
- Open information culture
- Encouragement of collaboration 
- Conflict awareness
- Recruitment of unconventional, conflict-able employees
- Gratification of successful initiatives beyond everybody‘s own responsibilities 
- Fault tolerance
- Freedom fo „Bootlegging“
Lösung ausblenden
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Q:
Ressource Pool and Project Portfolio
A:
Ressource Pool
Collection of scarce resources, which will be utilised by several(sub-)projects
primary human resources, equipment and infrastructure

Project Portfolio
multi-dimensional measure for the evaluation and prioritisation of projects. 
base for the decision to launch, continue, modify, postpone, resume, stop..., projects


Q:
Innovation versus Invention
A:
Invention:
- Idea 
- Creativity 
- Authorship
- Patenting

Innovation:
- Realisation
- Dissemiation
- Exploitation
- Utilisation

Q:
Requirements for problem definitions
A:
Related Systems
- Legal and economic systems 
- System borders delineate the dispositional flexibility 

Factual boundary
- What has to be solved and what not?

Temporal limitations
- which decisions from the past are binding?
- To which extend may future decision be predetermined?

Structuring
- Decomposition of problems in elements 
- Classification according to relevance, bottlenecks, interdependencies and chance of success

Capacity restrictions
- Availablity of temporal, personal, and financial resources

Openness and Revision
- What should be kept open or what may be changed?
Q:
Structuring of multiple Goals/Objectives
A:
Interdependencies
- Super-/subordinate
- Complementary
- Conflicts
- Tradeoffs
Value
- Scoring
- Utility Value Analysis
- QFD / AHP
- …
- Constraints
- k.o. criteria
- thresholds
-> Clarity of goals/objectives M
Q:
Applying SMART Criteria Defeats Breakthrough Innovation. (You should be critical about SMART) Es ist manchmal schwierig genau einzuschätzen ob etwas Achievable ist oder nicht genau so ob es realistisch ist und wie lange es dauern wird.
A:
Specific
Measurable 
Achievable 
Realistic/Relevant
Tangible/Time-bound
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
Goal definition challenges for innovation initatives (Change a Goal if it is necessary)
A:
Inadequate clarity due to complexity
- Unclear problem structure
- Unknown problem components
- Uncertainty regarding conflicts
Goal variation
- Decomposition of problem
- Information search and evaluation
- Negotiation, formal/process organisation
Management Challenge
- Initial goal definition limited by complexity barrier
- Goal variation
- Incremental reduction of complexity
- If necessary: goal revision
-> Goal rigidity in innovation initiatives leads to necessary goal changes


Q:
Categories of Innovation Definitions and Paradigms

A:
1. Product or Process with high degree of novelty
2. First time product/process
3. Perception of novelty
4. New purpose/mean
5. Exploitation of new products/processes
6. Innovation as a process
7. New services beyond industrial products/processes

Q:
Human skills for ideation
A:
Cognitive Skills
Cognitive Style
- analytic vs. heuristic
- extroversion vs. introversion
- field dependences vs. field independence

Association Skills
- Recognition of means-end-relations
-> Identification of gifted ideators Distribution of Tasks in a Team.
Q:
Ideation Techniques
A:
Qualitative
User-Workshop
Lead User

Quantitative 
Conjoint
Simulated Market Test

Heuristic
Search field matrices

Hermeneutic Creative
Bain Writing
Imaginary brain storming

Systematic
SIL
Q:
Die 6–3-5 Methode
A:
Simple but not good for challenging things.

6 People 
3 Ideas per Person
5 Rounds (5 Mal weitergeben)


Q:
Importance of a specific individuum
A:
Classical explanation:
Great-Man-Theory

Elon Musk, Steve Jobs, ...

Schumpeter: 
- The entrepreneur combines the function of the inventor and the business man.
- Roles may be incorporated in one person or distributed in a team

Q:
Characteristics of innovative enterprises (Culture is very important)
A:
- Openness for changes 
- Organisation provides freedom of initiatives - limited to just a few mandatory do‘s and dont‘s
- Open information culture
- Encouragement of collaboration 
- Conflict awareness
- Recruitment of unconventional, conflict-able employees
- Gratification of successful initiatives beyond everybody‘s own responsibilities 
- Fault tolerance
- Freedom fo „Bootlegging“
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