B. Research Methods at Fachhochschule Aachen | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für B. Research Methods an der Fachhochschule Aachen

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Factors that affect context within which research takes place

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- Academic theories
- Existing knowledge
- Researcher’s assumptions and views regarding research process and nature of social phenomena

- Quality criteria used to evaluate research
- Values of research community
- Political context of research study
- Training and personal researcher values

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Case Study Design

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- detailed and intensive analysis of one case

- qualitative research

- case is the focus of interest, location/ setting just provides a background

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Evidence-based management

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systematic use of the best available evidence

info partly from expertise and judgement of managers working in individual firms

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Threats to Internal Validity

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History: other events may have caused changes observed

Testing: may become sensitized

Maturation: people change over time in any event

Selection: non-random--> differences

Ambiguity about direction of causal influence

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inductive reasoning

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examine a problem and then try to work out how it is caused and how it might be solved

- From the specific to the general > many observations are made > discern a pattern > make a generalization > infer an explanation or a theory
- Broad generalizations from specific observations
- Conclusions are drawn from the data

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Deductive reasoning

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take a generally accepted theory of how things work and find evidence for it on the problem we examine

• From the general > the theory > specific > observations
• Starting with a theory
• prediction of what the observations should be (if the theory were correct)

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Longitudinal Design

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- on more than one occasion

- map change in b. and management research

- shown in a panel/ cohort study (all graduates from a business studies course in the same year)

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What is a research method?

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 Technique of collecting data
 Involvement of specific instrument
 Self-completion questionnaire
 Structured interview

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Process of Business Research

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Literature Review
Concepts and Theories (Labels giving aspects of social world significant common features, Deductive/ inductive)
Research Questions (explicit statement/ question of aim)
Sampling (Representative samples (survey, case study research) decrease amount of given data --> manageable)

Data Collection (structured interview, participant observation)
Data Analysis (Transcriptions, coding, thematic analysis, secondary analysis)
Writing Up (include literature review, research methods, results, discussion and conclusion) 

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Experimental Design Elements

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Random assignment of subjects to experimental and control groups

pre-testing of both groups

independent variable manipulated (does the variable in fact have an influence on dependent variable?); all other variables held constant

--> post-testing

Computation and analysis of group difference

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Messiness of Business Research

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Not always so linear in reality

Flexibility is important

Own research community (i.e. classmates and/or supervisor, etc) is important to support you

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Multi-stage cluster sampling

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Useful for widely dispersed populations

divide population into clusters of units (e.g. geographic areas or industries)

Sub-clusters sampled from these clusters

randomly select units from each (sub)cluster

Collect data from each cluster of units, consecutively

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Q:

Factors that affect context within which research takes place

A:

- Academic theories
- Existing knowledge
- Researcher’s assumptions and views regarding research process and nature of social phenomena

- Quality criteria used to evaluate research
- Values of research community
- Political context of research study
- Training and personal researcher values

Q:

Case Study Design

A:

- detailed and intensive analysis of one case

- qualitative research

- case is the focus of interest, location/ setting just provides a background

Q:

Evidence-based management

A:

systematic use of the best available evidence

info partly from expertise and judgement of managers working in individual firms

Q:

Threats to Internal Validity

A:

History: other events may have caused changes observed

Testing: may become sensitized

Maturation: people change over time in any event

Selection: non-random--> differences

Ambiguity about direction of causal influence

Q:

inductive reasoning

A:

examine a problem and then try to work out how it is caused and how it might be solved

- From the specific to the general > many observations are made > discern a pattern > make a generalization > infer an explanation or a theory
- Broad generalizations from specific observations
- Conclusions are drawn from the data

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Deductive reasoning

A:

take a generally accepted theory of how things work and find evidence for it on the problem we examine

• From the general > the theory > specific > observations
• Starting with a theory
• prediction of what the observations should be (if the theory were correct)

Q:

Longitudinal Design

A:

- on more than one occasion

- map change in b. and management research

- shown in a panel/ cohort study (all graduates from a business studies course in the same year)

Q:

What is a research method?

A:

 Technique of collecting data
 Involvement of specific instrument
 Self-completion questionnaire
 Structured interview

Q:

Process of Business Research

A:

Literature Review
Concepts and Theories (Labels giving aspects of social world significant common features, Deductive/ inductive)
Research Questions (explicit statement/ question of aim)
Sampling (Representative samples (survey, case study research) decrease amount of given data --> manageable)

Data Collection (structured interview, participant observation)
Data Analysis (Transcriptions, coding, thematic analysis, secondary analysis)
Writing Up (include literature review, research methods, results, discussion and conclusion) 

Q:

Experimental Design Elements

A:

Random assignment of subjects to experimental and control groups

pre-testing of both groups

independent variable manipulated (does the variable in fact have an influence on dependent variable?); all other variables held constant

--> post-testing

Computation and analysis of group difference

Q:

Messiness of Business Research

A:

Not always so linear in reality

Flexibility is important

Own research community (i.e. classmates and/or supervisor, etc) is important to support you

Q:

Multi-stage cluster sampling

A:

Useful for widely dispersed populations

divide population into clusters of units (e.g. geographic areas or industries)

Sub-clusters sampled from these clusters

randomly select units from each (sub)cluster

Collect data from each cluster of units, consecutively

B. Research Methods

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