B. Ethics at Fachhochschule Aachen | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für B. Ethics an der Fachhochschule Aachen

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Types of Ethical Issues

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Systemic

Corporate

Individual

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Analysing moral reasoning

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1. Moral reasoning must be logical

2. Factual evidence must be accurate, relevant and complete

3. Moral standard must be consistent

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Ethics

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principles of conduct governing an individual or a group

study of morality

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Command Economy

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government authority making the economic decisions

only few left in Cuba, North Korea

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Corporate

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Ethical questions about a particular corporation and its policies, culture, climate, impact or actions

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Morality


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rules of human behavior

specifies that certain actions are wrong or immoral

Moral Standards: Norms about the kinds of actions that are morally right and wrong

values placed on what is morally good or bad

Non-Moral Standards: we judge what is good or bad

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Kohlberg’s Three Levels of Moral Development

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First Level: Pre-conventional Stages

Second Level: Conventional Stages

Third Level: Post-conventional Stages

--> Many people remain stuck at an early stage of moral development

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Ethical Reasoning

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intellectual procedure for justifying ethical judgments

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Systemic

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ethical questions about social, political, legal or economic system within which companies operate

about the whole society by the government

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Tradition-Based Societies

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taditional communal roles and customs to carry out basic economic tasks

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Conventional Stages

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Stage One: interpersonal concordance orientation:

Good behavior living to the expectations of those for whom one feels loyalty, affection, and trust, such as family and friends (be good in order to be seen good by others/ good person)

Stage Two: law and order orientation / maintaining the social order:

Right and wrong determined by loyalty to one's own larger nation or surrounding society (law)

--> Maintaining  expectations of one's own family, peer group, or nation: as valuable in its own right, regardless of the consequences

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Adam Smith

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Market competition: pursiut of self interes + advances public´s welfare

Government interference: lower public´s welfare (shortages/ surpluses)

Private Ownership: better care and use of resource

nations should specialize so everyone profits

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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen B. Ethics Kurs an der Fachhochschule Aachen - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Types of Ethical Issues

A:

Systemic

Corporate

Individual

Q:

Analysing moral reasoning

A:

1. Moral reasoning must be logical

2. Factual evidence must be accurate, relevant and complete

3. Moral standard must be consistent

Q:

Ethics

A:

principles of conduct governing an individual or a group

study of morality

Q:

Command Economy

A:

government authority making the economic decisions

only few left in Cuba, North Korea

Q:

Corporate

A:

Ethical questions about a particular corporation and its policies, culture, climate, impact or actions

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Morality


A:

rules of human behavior

specifies that certain actions are wrong or immoral

Moral Standards: Norms about the kinds of actions that are morally right and wrong

values placed on what is morally good or bad

Non-Moral Standards: we judge what is good or bad

Q:

Kohlberg’s Three Levels of Moral Development

A:

First Level: Pre-conventional Stages

Second Level: Conventional Stages

Third Level: Post-conventional Stages

--> Many people remain stuck at an early stage of moral development

Q:

Ethical Reasoning

A:

intellectual procedure for justifying ethical judgments

Q:

Systemic

A:

ethical questions about social, political, legal or economic system within which companies operate

about the whole society by the government

Q:

Tradition-Based Societies

A:

taditional communal roles and customs to carry out basic economic tasks

Q:

Conventional Stages

A:

Stage One: interpersonal concordance orientation:

Good behavior living to the expectations of those for whom one feels loyalty, affection, and trust, such as family and friends (be good in order to be seen good by others/ good person)

Stage Two: law and order orientation / maintaining the social order:

Right and wrong determined by loyalty to one's own larger nation or surrounding society (law)

--> Maintaining  expectations of one's own family, peer group, or nation: as valuable in its own right, regardless of the consequences

Q:

Adam Smith

A:

Market competition: pursiut of self interes + advances public´s welfare

Government interference: lower public´s welfare (shortages/ surpluses)

Private Ownership: better care and use of resource

nations should specialize so everyone profits

B. Ethics

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