Psychology Assessment at Erasmus University Rotterdam | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Psychology Assessment an der Erasmus University Rotterdam

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What is the key difference between the diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder and persistent depressive disorder 

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Chronicity

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Catharsis:

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providing/releasing relief from repressed/strong emotions

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Describe the two subsystems of the Peripheral Nervous System

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Somatic Nervous System (voluntary body control)

Autonomic Nervous System (homoestasis = self-regulation)
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Freudian Terminology

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EGO:

- conciousness

- reason and sanity

- enforces the reality principle: weighing external reality along with internal needs

- secondary process: matching image to reality 
- no moral sense 

ID:

- unconsciousness

- primal desires, instincts, passions 

- governed by the pleasure principle (needs must be satisfied immediately) 

- satisfied by primary process: wish fulfillment (unconscious mental image) 


SUPEREGO

- ego ideal: rules for good behavior 

- consience: rules of disapproved behavior 

- embodies parental values 

- forces ego to act morally 

- prevent IDs impulses 
- civilizing influence 
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It is a part of the neuron that is a branch-like structure that receive messages from other neurons/neurons

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Dendrites

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Triebe

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  • Eros: Sexual- & Selbsterhaltungstrieb, Libido
  • Thanatos: Aggressions- & Todestrieb, Destrudo
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Ego strength 
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Ego’a ability to be effective despite conflicting forces (ID&superego) 
Aims to balance all 3 forces -> healthy personality 
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Eros & Thanatos
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eros = life instinct
thanatos = death instinct
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Indicators of Abnormality 
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1) distress 
2) maladaptiveness 
3) statistical deviancy 
4) violation of social standards 
5) social discomfort 
6) irrationality & unpredictability 
7) dangerousness 
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What is the diagnostic criteria for major depression disorder? 
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A) Depressed mood/diminished pleasure in 2 weeks period 

B) 5 or more of symptoms:
     1) depressed mood
    2) diminished interest/pleasure 
    3) significant weight gain/ loss
    4) insomnia or hypersomania 
    5) fatigue or low energy 
    6) indecisiveness / diminished ability to concentrate 
    7) psychomotor agitation or retardation 
    8) feelings of worthlessness or guilt
    9) recurrent suicidal thoughts/plans

C) impairment in social or occupational areas of functioning 

D) not attributable to effects of substance or other medical condition 




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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Criteria for Persistent Depressive Disorder
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A) depressed mood (überwiegend) for at least 2 years 

B) 2 or more of following symptoms:
 1) poor appetite or overeating 
2) insomnia or hypersomnia
3) low energy or fatigue 
4) low self-esteem 
5) poor concentration / indecisiveness 
6) feelings of hopelessness 

C) never been without symptoms for more than 2 months in two years 

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Criteria for Bulemia Nerviosa 

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A) recurrent episode of binge eating
        - large amount of food in small period of time 
        - lack of control over eating 

B) recurrent compensation to prevent weight gain

C) at least once a week for 3 months

D) self-evaluation based on body weight/shape

E) often preoccupied with shame/guilt 
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Q:

What is the key difference between the diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder and persistent depressive disorder 

A:

Chronicity

Q:

Catharsis:

A:

providing/releasing relief from repressed/strong emotions

Q:

Describe the two subsystems of the Peripheral Nervous System

A:
Somatic Nervous System (voluntary body control)

Autonomic Nervous System (homoestasis = self-regulation)
Q:

Freudian Terminology

A:

EGO:

- conciousness

- reason and sanity

- enforces the reality principle: weighing external reality along with internal needs

- secondary process: matching image to reality 
- no moral sense 

ID:

- unconsciousness

- primal desires, instincts, passions 

- governed by the pleasure principle (needs must be satisfied immediately) 

- satisfied by primary process: wish fulfillment (unconscious mental image) 


SUPEREGO

- ego ideal: rules for good behavior 

- consience: rules of disapproved behavior 

- embodies parental values 

- forces ego to act morally 

- prevent IDs impulses 
- civilizing influence 
Q:

It is a part of the neuron that is a branch-like structure that receive messages from other neurons/neurons

A:

Dendrites

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Q:

Triebe

A:
  • Eros: Sexual- & Selbsterhaltungstrieb, Libido
  • Thanatos: Aggressions- & Todestrieb, Destrudo
Q:
Ego strength 
A:
Ego’a ability to be effective despite conflicting forces (ID&superego) 
Aims to balance all 3 forces -> healthy personality 
Q:
Eros & Thanatos
A:
eros = life instinct
thanatos = death instinct
Q:
Indicators of Abnormality 
A:
1) distress 
2) maladaptiveness 
3) statistical deviancy 
4) violation of social standards 
5) social discomfort 
6) irrationality & unpredictability 
7) dangerousness 
Q:
What is the diagnostic criteria for major depression disorder? 
A:
A) Depressed mood/diminished pleasure in 2 weeks period 

B) 5 or more of symptoms:
     1) depressed mood
    2) diminished interest/pleasure 
    3) significant weight gain/ loss
    4) insomnia or hypersomania 
    5) fatigue or low energy 
    6) indecisiveness / diminished ability to concentrate 
    7) psychomotor agitation or retardation 
    8) feelings of worthlessness or guilt
    9) recurrent suicidal thoughts/plans

C) impairment in social or occupational areas of functioning 

D) not attributable to effects of substance or other medical condition 




Q:
Criteria for Persistent Depressive Disorder
A:
A) depressed mood (überwiegend) for at least 2 years 

B) 2 or more of following symptoms:
 1) poor appetite or overeating 
2) insomnia or hypersomnia
3) low energy or fatigue 
4) low self-esteem 
5) poor concentration / indecisiveness 
6) feelings of hopelessness 

C) never been without symptoms for more than 2 months in two years 

Q:
Criteria for Bulemia Nerviosa 

A:
A) recurrent episode of binge eating
        - large amount of food in small period of time 
        - lack of control over eating 

B) recurrent compensation to prevent weight gain

C) at least once a week for 3 months

D) self-evaluation based on body weight/shape

E) often preoccupied with shame/guilt 
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