Chap 1 - "Athar Nada" at El Shorouk Academy | Flashcards & Summaries

Select your language

Suggested languages for you:
Log In Start studying!

Lernmaterialien für Chap 1 - "Athar Nada" an der El Shorouk Academy

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Chap 1 - "Athar Nada" Kurs an der El Shorouk Academy zu.

TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Solid-State Disks

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Faster than hard disks, nonvolatile
    • Various Technologies
    • Becoming More Popular
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Operating System Goals?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  1. Execute User Programs and Make Solving User Problems Easier
  2. Make The Computer System Convenient to Use
  3. Use The Computer Hardware in an Efficient Manner
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Asymmetric Multiprocessing 

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Each Processor is Assigned a Specie Task

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is an Operating System?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

A Program That Acts as an Intermediary Between a User of a Computer and The Computer Hardware.


Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is The One Program Running at all Times on The Computer?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Kernel

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Computer Startup

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Bootstrap Program is Loaded at Power-up or Reboot
    • Typically Stored in ROM or EPROM, generally Known as Firmware
    • Initializes all aspects of the system
    • Loads Operating System Kernel and Starts Execution

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Main memory

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Only Large Storage Media That The CPU Can Access Directly.
    • Random access
    • Typically volatile
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Operating System Definition 

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • OS is a resources allocator
    • Manages all resources
    • Decides Between Conflicting Requests For Efficient and Fair Resource Use.
  • OS is a control program
    • Controls Execution of Programs to Prevent Errors and Improper Use of The Computer
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What Do Operating Systems Do?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  1. Users Want Convenience, Ease to Use, and Good Performance Regardless of Resource Utilization
  2. Shared Computer Such as Mainframe or Minicomputer Must Keep all Users Happy
  3. Users of Dedicate Systems Such as Workstations Have Dedicated Resources but Frequently Use Shared Resources From Servers
  4. Handheld Computers are Resource-Poor, Optimized For Usability and Battery Life
  5. Some Computers Have Little or no User Interface Such as Embedded Computers in Devices and Automobiles
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Types of Interruption

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  1. Polling
  2. Vectored Interrupt System 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Common Functions of Interrupt 

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  1. Interrupt Transfers Controls to The Interrupt Service Routine Generally, Through The Interrupt Vector, Which Contains The Addresses of all The Service Routines
  2. Interrupt Architecture Must Save The Address of The Interrupted Instruction
  3. A Trap or Exception is a Software-Generated Interrupt Caused Either by ab Error or a User Request
  4. An Operating System is Interrupt Driven
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Computer system operation 

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  1. I / O Devices and The CPU can Execute Concurrently
  2. Each Devices Controller is in Charge of a Particular Device Type
  3. Each device controller has a local buffer
  4. CPU Moves Data From/to Main Memory to / From Local Buffers
  5. I / O is From The Device to Local Buffer of Controller
  6. Device Controller Informs CPU That it Has Finished its Operation by Causing an Interrupt
  7. One or More CPUs, Device Controllers Connect Through Common Bus Providing to Shared Memory
  8. Concurrent Execution of CPUs and Devices Competing For Memory Cycles
Lösung ausblenden
  • 590 Karteikarten
  • 59 Studierende
  • 0 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Chap 1 - "Athar Nada" Kurs an der El Shorouk Academy - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Solid-State Disks

A:
  • Faster than hard disks, nonvolatile
    • Various Technologies
    • Becoming More Popular
Q:

Operating System Goals?

A:
  1. Execute User Programs and Make Solving User Problems Easier
  2. Make The Computer System Convenient to Use
  3. Use The Computer Hardware in an Efficient Manner
Q:

Asymmetric Multiprocessing 

A:

Each Processor is Assigned a Specie Task

Q:

What is an Operating System?

A:

A Program That Acts as an Intermediary Between a User of a Computer and The Computer Hardware.


Q:

What is The One Program Running at all Times on The Computer?

A:

Kernel

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Computer Startup

A:
  • Bootstrap Program is Loaded at Power-up or Reboot
    • Typically Stored in ROM or EPROM, generally Known as Firmware
    • Initializes all aspects of the system
    • Loads Operating System Kernel and Starts Execution

Q:

Main memory

A:
  • Only Large Storage Media That The CPU Can Access Directly.
    • Random access
    • Typically volatile
Q:

Operating System Definition 

A:
  • OS is a resources allocator
    • Manages all resources
    • Decides Between Conflicting Requests For Efficient and Fair Resource Use.
  • OS is a control program
    • Controls Execution of Programs to Prevent Errors and Improper Use of The Computer
Q:

What Do Operating Systems Do?

A:
  1. Users Want Convenience, Ease to Use, and Good Performance Regardless of Resource Utilization
  2. Shared Computer Such as Mainframe or Minicomputer Must Keep all Users Happy
  3. Users of Dedicate Systems Such as Workstations Have Dedicated Resources but Frequently Use Shared Resources From Servers
  4. Handheld Computers are Resource-Poor, Optimized For Usability and Battery Life
  5. Some Computers Have Little or no User Interface Such as Embedded Computers in Devices and Automobiles
Q:

Types of Interruption

A:
  1. Polling
  2. Vectored Interrupt System 
Q:

Common Functions of Interrupt 

A:
  1. Interrupt Transfers Controls to The Interrupt Service Routine Generally, Through The Interrupt Vector, Which Contains The Addresses of all The Service Routines
  2. Interrupt Architecture Must Save The Address of The Interrupted Instruction
  3. A Trap or Exception is a Software-Generated Interrupt Caused Either by ab Error or a User Request
  4. An Operating System is Interrupt Driven
Q:

Computer system operation 

A:
  1. I / O Devices and The CPU can Execute Concurrently
  2. Each Devices Controller is in Charge of a Particular Device Type
  3. Each device controller has a local buffer
  4. CPU Moves Data From/to Main Memory to / From Local Buffers
  5. I / O is From The Device to Local Buffer of Controller
  6. Device Controller Informs CPU That it Has Finished its Operation by Causing an Interrupt
  7. One or More CPUs, Device Controllers Connect Through Common Bus Providing to Shared Memory
  8. Concurrent Execution of CPUs and Devices Competing For Memory Cycles
Chap 1 -

Erstelle und finde Lernmaterialien auf StudySmarter.

Greife kostenlos auf tausende geteilte Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Altklausuren und mehr zu.

Jetzt loslegen

Das sind die beliebtesten Chap 1 - "Athar Nada" Kurse im gesamten StudySmarter Universum

Chap 1&2 FQ

Leiden University

Zum Kurs
SOC 101 Chap. 1

University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire

Zum Kurs
CSC099 CHAP 1

Universiti Teknologi Mara

Zum Kurs
A&P Chapter 1

Stark State College

Zum Kurs
econs chap 1

Taylor's University College

Zum Kurs

Die all-in-one Lernapp für Studierende

Greife auf Millionen geteilter Lernmaterialien der StudySmarter Community zu
Kostenlos anmelden Chap 1 -
Erstelle Karteikarten und Zusammenfassungen mit den StudySmarter Tools
Kostenlos loslegen Chap 1 -