Computer Systems Organisation And Architecture at Dedan Kimathi University Of Technology | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Computer systems organisation and architecture an der Dedan Kimathi University of Technology

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What is arithmetic overflow?
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This is when the calculation memory space surpasses the space designated to hold it 
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Differenciate between RAM and ROM
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RAM is volatile while ROM is non-volatile
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Convert (345) to binary
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011100101
Don't forget the base
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What is a bus?
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A communication system that transfers data between components in a computer 
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What do registers do?
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Registers are storage locations 
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What is an operating system?
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A program that holds other programs and also acts as an interface between the computer user and the computer hardware 
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Types of OS
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Interactive 
Batch
Multiprogramming
Uniprogramming 
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Define hexadecimal

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A number system which has 16 alphanumeric values from 0 to 9 and A to F

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Differenciate between computer architecture and computer organization

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Computer architecture is concerned with how the components of a computer are connected together to form a computer system while computer organization is concerned with the structure and behaviour of a computer system as seen by the users

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Name and compare 3 access methods

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  • Sequential -Starts from the beginning and reads through the order
  • Direct - Jumps to the specific individual address after a sequential search
  • Random - Individual address identifies the memory location exactly
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Main components of any general-purpose computer

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  • Main Memory
  • A.L.U
  • I/O devices
  • C.U
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What are signed and unsigned integers
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Signed integers indicate that a variable can hold both a negative and positive numbers while unsigned integers can only hold positive numbers 
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  • 143 Karteikarten
  • 14 Studierende
  • 0 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Computer systems organisation and architecture Kurs an der Dedan Kimathi University of Technology - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
What is arithmetic overflow?
A:
This is when the calculation memory space surpasses the space designated to hold it 
Q:
Differenciate between RAM and ROM
A:
RAM is volatile while ROM is non-volatile
Q:
Convert (345) to binary
A:
011100101
Don't forget the base
Q:
What is a bus?
A:
A communication system that transfers data between components in a computer 
Q:
What do registers do?
A:
Registers are storage locations 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What is an operating system?
A:
A program that holds other programs and also acts as an interface between the computer user and the computer hardware 
Q:
Types of OS
A:
Interactive 
Batch
Multiprogramming
Uniprogramming 
Q:

Define hexadecimal

A:

A number system which has 16 alphanumeric values from 0 to 9 and A to F

Q:

Differenciate between computer architecture and computer organization

A:

Computer architecture is concerned with how the components of a computer are connected together to form a computer system while computer organization is concerned with the structure and behaviour of a computer system as seen by the users

Q:

Name and compare 3 access methods

A:
  • Sequential -Starts from the beginning and reads through the order
  • Direct - Jumps to the specific individual address after a sequential search
  • Random - Individual address identifies the memory location exactly
Q:

Main components of any general-purpose computer

A:
  • Main Memory
  • A.L.U
  • I/O devices
  • C.U
Q:
What are signed and unsigned integers
A:
Signed integers indicate that a variable can hold both a negative and positive numbers while unsigned integers can only hold positive numbers 
Computer systems organisation and architecture

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