Niederländisch at De Haagse Hogeschool | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Niederländisch an der De Haagse Hogeschool

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Isaac Newton
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influential key thinker
  • Physicist, 1642-1727
  • combines “spirit of doubt” and trust in value of empirical research
  • 1687 “Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy“
  • the world as a dynamic mechanism
  • functions according to law(s) of nature
  • wants to build a sound system based on quantitive, physical arguments
  • Schwerkraft entdeckt etc. 
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Merkmal Culture
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“express yourself via material objects”
  • cultures: material objects: architecture, clothes etc.
  • dahinter stecken: ideas, values, attitudes
  • patterns of behaviour 
  • culture is “shared

what they ”have”, “think” and “do” as “members of a community
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Values
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  • (+norms) collective evaluations of things + codes for what is taken as “normal” (distinguish normal & abnormal)
how to act on the basis of values

”What is important in life”

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Symbols Def.
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things with a meaning that is recognised best by those who share the culture 

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heroes
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role models, models for behaviour (influencial)

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rituals
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patterns of behaviour that occurs regularly and is socially essential
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culture Möglichkeiten zu definieren
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narrow: art, science 
“the finer/higher things in life”

broad: in terms of “cultural differences“, ”multiculturalism”
all collective shared expressions of a group/society
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European Culture= Enlightenment Culture?

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1)“The most plausible idea of essential European culture builds on the idea of the Enlightenment which was originally (in the 18th century) a European cultural development, and -it is claimed- i still Europe’s central cultural force in the world.” setting aside the almost equally long European tradition of opposing the Enlightenment. 

core of European culture= ideas of enlightenment central for european culture

2) basic idea European culture: Europe as a unity in diversity, many cultures within a multinational context
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Enlightenment explanation
Aufklärung
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  • light of “reason” (Vernunft, Rationalität, Verstand)
  • to enlighten: from darkness into light 
  • darkness from the middle ages
  • illumination, liberation, elevation (= seeing world as it is; become better person)
  • from ignorance to use of rational capacities (knowledge): become rational/scientific
  • man’s emergence from his self-imposed immaturity
  • Kant def. immaturity: inability to use one’s own reason without guidance from another
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Enlightenment Kant
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Kant 1783 in “Was ist Aufklärung?”
  • “man’s emergence from his self-imposed immaturity”

  • Kant def. immaturity: inability to use one’s own reason without guidance from another
  • ”Ausgang des Menschen aus seiner selbstverschuldeten Unmündigkeit”
  • Mündigkeit, critical thinking, using reason

  • also argued for an acceptance of religion on ethical grounds
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Key ideas Enlightenment
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  • Key ideas Enlightenment: rationality} science/technology, explaining on the basis of reason not stories, scientific proof, grip of reality
  • understand} able to control
  • understanding reality via reason leads to controlling via technology
  • individuality} freedom/democracy, turning away from collective culture to individual culture, group no longer essential, individual should be free,
  • individuals need a system in which all can be free and equal, no longer wanted to be ruled by king etc.
  • demos=people; cratios=rule (Volksherrschaft)


  • Key ideas led to drastic changes in society (revolutions)
  • basis for understanding, how to organise economy and society
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European Culture basic definition
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  • not a fixed entity (Einheit, Gebilde, Gesamtheit)
  •  »Europe » as a complex multi-layered, dynamic context
  • same for the european national cultures (foundations)
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  • 680 Karteikarten
  • 79 Studierende
  • 1 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Niederländisch Kurs an der De Haagse Hogeschool - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
Isaac Newton
A:
influential key thinker
  • Physicist, 1642-1727
  • combines “spirit of doubt” and trust in value of empirical research
  • 1687 “Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy“
  • the world as a dynamic mechanism
  • functions according to law(s) of nature
  • wants to build a sound system based on quantitive, physical arguments
  • Schwerkraft entdeckt etc. 
Q:
Merkmal Culture
A:
“express yourself via material objects”
  • cultures: material objects: architecture, clothes etc.
  • dahinter stecken: ideas, values, attitudes
  • patterns of behaviour 
  • culture is “shared

what they ”have”, “think” and “do” as “members of a community
Q:
Values
A:
  • (+norms) collective evaluations of things + codes for what is taken as “normal” (distinguish normal & abnormal)
how to act on the basis of values

”What is important in life”

Q:
Symbols Def.
A:
things with a meaning that is recognised best by those who share the culture 

Q:
heroes
A:
role models, models for behaviour (influencial)

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
rituals
A:
patterns of behaviour that occurs regularly and is socially essential
Q:
culture Möglichkeiten zu definieren
A:
narrow: art, science 
“the finer/higher things in life”

broad: in terms of “cultural differences“, ”multiculturalism”
all collective shared expressions of a group/society
Q:
European Culture= Enlightenment Culture?

A:
1)“The most plausible idea of essential European culture builds on the idea of the Enlightenment which was originally (in the 18th century) a European cultural development, and -it is claimed- i still Europe’s central cultural force in the world.” setting aside the almost equally long European tradition of opposing the Enlightenment. 

core of European culture= ideas of enlightenment central for european culture

2) basic idea European culture: Europe as a unity in diversity, many cultures within a multinational context
Q:
Enlightenment explanation
Aufklärung
A:
  • light of “reason” (Vernunft, Rationalität, Verstand)
  • to enlighten: from darkness into light 
  • darkness from the middle ages
  • illumination, liberation, elevation (= seeing world as it is; become better person)
  • from ignorance to use of rational capacities (knowledge): become rational/scientific
  • man’s emergence from his self-imposed immaturity
  • Kant def. immaturity: inability to use one’s own reason without guidance from another
Q:
Enlightenment Kant
A:
Kant 1783 in “Was ist Aufklärung?”
  • “man’s emergence from his self-imposed immaturity”

  • Kant def. immaturity: inability to use one’s own reason without guidance from another
  • ”Ausgang des Menschen aus seiner selbstverschuldeten Unmündigkeit”
  • Mündigkeit, critical thinking, using reason

  • also argued for an acceptance of religion on ethical grounds
Q:
Key ideas Enlightenment
A:

  • Key ideas Enlightenment: rationality} science/technology, explaining on the basis of reason not stories, scientific proof, grip of reality
  • understand} able to control
  • understanding reality via reason leads to controlling via technology
  • individuality} freedom/democracy, turning away from collective culture to individual culture, group no longer essential, individual should be free,
  • individuals need a system in which all can be free and equal, no longer wanted to be ruled by king etc.
  • demos=people; cratios=rule (Volksherrschaft)


  • Key ideas led to drastic changes in society (revolutions)
  • basis for understanding, how to organise economy and society
Q:
European Culture basic definition
A:
  • not a fixed entity (Einheit, Gebilde, Gesamtheit)
  •  »Europe » as a complex multi-layered, dynamic context
  • same for the european national cultures (foundations)
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